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Today. Papua New Guinea & the Pacific realm (Oceania). Announcements. Second papers due Friday! None accepted after 5 PM Friday No emailed papers accepted Stapled, please Final Exam 12 noon Monday here Review session 7 PM, 220 Saunders. Last Time. Australia & New Zealand

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today
Today
  • Papua New Guinea & the Pacific realm (Oceania)
announcements
Announcements
  • Second papers due Friday!
    • None accepted after 5 PM Friday
    • No emailed papers accepted
    • Stapled, please
  • Final Exam 12 noon Monday here
    • Review session 7 PM, 220 Saunders
last time
Last Time
  • Australia & New Zealand
    • Physical Geography
    • Population and density issues
    • Historical, economic, and cultural
    • Immigration and Maori & Aboriginal rights
papua new guinea oceania i
Papua New Guinea & Oceania I
  • Size, location, and etc
    • Micro states (thousands of islands and many states)
    • Spread over thousands of miles of the Pacific
    • Pacific ~ a hemisphere it self virtually ½ the globe
    • Total land area is small
      • Islands <4 x NC
      • Total area ~ 18x NC
    • Small pop
      • Total ~ = NC; > 1/2 in Papua New Guinea
papua new guinea oceania ii
Papua New Guinea & Oceania II
  • Physical geography
    • Tropical/equatorial wet (AF - AM) or tropical wet/dry climates (Am)
    • Aside from New Guinea, 2 island types “high” and “low” (i.e., volcanic mountainous islands or low coral reef islands)
    • Papua New Guinea has large mtn. range
original settlement colonial past
Original settlement & Colonial past
  • Initial settlement
    • Over 3000 yrs from 2500 BC
  • European voyages of “discovery”
    • 1600s – 1700s
  • Complex colonial histories for most
  • Many still colonial possessions
    • France
    • USA
international law of the sea
International Law of the Sea
  • Territorial waters vs “high seas”
    • For most = 12 miles
      • Used to be “cannon shot” distance ~ 3 miles
  • Exclusive Economic Zones
    • 200 miles or width of the continental shelf (whichever is larger) from shore
    • Thus an tiny atoll can claim economic rights (minerals & fishing etc.) to an area 200 miles across (166,000 sq mi)
melanesia
Melanesia
  • Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji
    • Some ethnic and linguistic commonality but hundreds of languages
    • Papua New Guinea
    • New Caledonia
    • Fiji
micronesia
Micronesia
  • Mostly micro-sized low islands
  • Former UN sponsored USA trust area from former Japanese holdings from WWI
  • Marshall Islands
    • Open air H-bomb nuclear tests in 1950s
    • Bikini: the article of clothing got its name from the island in the 1950s when the H-bomb tests occurred there
    • Much USA aid
micronesia28
Micronesia
  • Northern Mariana Islands
    • Commonwealth of USA (like Puerto Rico)
    • Large clothing industry using Chinese labor (“made in USA”)
  • Guam
    • USA territory
    • Large US military presence
    • Similar “made in USA” clothing industry
polynesia
Polynesia
  • Hawaii to N. New Zealand
    • Samoa, Tahiti, Hawaii, etc.
    • Amazingly wide spread culture
    • Tourism is main industry
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