Tips to Garden Organically. Down to Earth Ideas for Good Health and a Safe Environment By Paule Hjertaas, B.Sc. Copyrighted Paule Hjertaas. Permission granted for personal use. Other uses please contact the author at dp.hjertaas(at)sasktel.net.
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Down to Earth Ideas for Good Health and a Safe Environment
By Paule Hjertaas, B.Sc.
Copyrighted Paule Hjertaas. Permission granted for personal use. Other uses please contact the author at dp.hjertaas(at)sasktel.net.
Photos credits: Paule Hjertaas and the Insect Images, a joint project of the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service.http://www.insectimages.org/
Deals with the causes of problems
Pays attention to garden design and garden and plant siting
Builds up soil, stability and bio-diversity
Starts by using the safest methods
Is not simply replacing one chemical by a less toxic product
Treated wood of any type has no place in an organic garden (CCA creosote, penta)Organic Gardening
Length of Frost-free season
Type (sand, clay,etc)
Soil test so you can correct deficiencies
Proper pruning and thinning
Not to much NitrogenFactors Affecting Plant Health, Insects and Diseases
4 parts seed meal (I.e. flax)
1 part rock phosphate or ½ part bone meal
1 part lime
½ part kelp meal
Prepackaged equivalent is All-Purpose Blend (Gaia) or Power Bloom (Gaia)
Some catalogs offering organic and natural fertilizers
West Coast Seeds
William Dam Seeds
NIC OntarioFertilizer Recipe
pH 6.6 to 7.5
Needs lots of K and P (bonemeal and greensand)
Inoculate seeds and only loosen soil a little
Cover with ½” compost
Next year, each time 10 % flowers, mow to 1 “ tall
Spread clippings around garden
At end of summer cut to 3-4 “ tall
Ass greensand and bonemeal 1-2 times /yr 5 lb/2 lb respectively for 10 ft bed
Stand lasts 5 years
Choose disease-resistant varieties
Can be used to break up compacted subsoil in problem areas
Or buy good-quality pellets
(OG Aug 06)Alfalfa - best soil builder
Acts as anti-feedant and pseudo-steroidal IGR
Can prevent swallowing and affects digestion
Chitin synthesis inhibitor
Generally must be eaten
Effectiveness may depend on concentration of azadirachtin
Most effective on larval forms on insects with total metamorphosis (caterpillars, including sod webworms, gypsy moth and cutworms, larval beetles. whitefly nymphs), leafminers and mitesNeem Oil
Hand Pick with gloves
Pick under boards or other traps (grapefruit rind) during the day
Boiling water or salt
Best bait: Crushed slugs
Spray plants w ½-1/2 vinegar-water early am. When #s down, every 2 weeks (untested)
5 % garlic solution provides best barrier and kills 95 %
As the clay hardpan improves, the numbers decreaseSlugs and Snails
Application of compost to soil may help.
Deadheading and removing infested foliage is an option. Do not shear or stimulate new growth. Prune by cutting plants just above branch crotches and nodes.
Insecticidal soap, Horticultural oils and neem oil containing azadirachtin are effective
Spray a test area first to see if not phytotoxic.
All degrade very quickly. Due to overlapping generations, may have to apply several timesThrips
* Perform tick checks.
Staple 1 sq yard piece of white flannel cloth with heavy knap to a stick ( hem one end if used often)
Sweep flag ahead. Captured ticks show well.
Turn over, pick ticks and drop in plastic container with cap. Will die in 24 hours. Or drop in soapy water.
Tick Drag (grass or low brush)
4 ft wide x 6 ft long.Velcro strip one end
Add lead weights to lower end
Make a clothesline handle through plastic pipe.
Drag besides and behind.Trap Ticks
Fungi spread by spores
Viruses when sap from infected plant transferred to healthy plant
Bacterial D transmitted by insects like leafhoppers, aphids and thrips
Prevent stress from over- or under-watering, overfertilization, extreme weather or other.
Beware of family connections (i.e petunias, tomatoes, delphiniums are in different families but all host the tobacco mosaic virus)
Get rid of infected plantDiseases
Cook them out
Cut of their heads
Before they go to seed with mower or string trimmer
Mow them down
Before they go to seed
Pull them out
Dig them out
Follow the roots to China if you have to!
Graze or eat themWeed Control Methods3