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rapidly exploring application design through speed dating. scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman. investigating a domain fieldwork shows many needs create many application concepts. dual-income families davidoff et al ubicomp 2006 managing kids activities causes stress.

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rapidly exploring application design through speed dating

rapidly exploring application design through speed dating

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

a familiar story
investigating a domain

fieldwork shows many needs

create many application concepts

dual-income families

davidoff et al ubicomp 2006

managing kids activities causes stress

a familiar story

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

how do you know which concept to make

how do you know which concept to make?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

how do you know you have the best approach

how do you know you have the best approach?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

why not build it and see

why not build it and see?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

immature design patterns
immature design patterns

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

high cost of failure
high cost of failure

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

unpredictable consequences
unpredictable consequences

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

design toolbox is empty
personas

video

bodystorming

design toolbox is empty

sketch

cooper + reiman 2003

zimmerman 2005

bucheneau +

fulton suri 2000

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

design toolbox is empty10
personas

video

bodystorming

paper prototyping

video sketches

toolikits

design toolbox is empty

sketch

prototype

cooper + reiman 2003

rettig 1994

zimmerman 2005

mackay et al 2000

bucheneau +

fulton suri 2000

landay + myers 1995

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

design toolbox is empty11
personas

video

bodystorming

paper prototyping

video sketches

toolikits

design toolbox is empty

sketch

prototype

cooper + reiman 2003

rettig 1994

zimmerman 2005

mackay et al 2000

bucheneau +

fulton suri 2000

landay + myers 1995

getting the idea right v. getting the right idea

tohidi et al 2006

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

add a step
add a step

sketch

explore

prototype

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

address ubicomp risks
immature design patterns

high cost of failure

unpredictable consequences

many variations

early, cheap + engaging

find risks + their interactions

address ubicomp risks

sketch

explore

prototype

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating
speed dating

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love16
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love17
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love18
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love19
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love20
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for love21
speed dating for love

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

speed dating for design
replace partners with concepts, or variations

multiple low-cost engagtements with wide variety of concepts

allows a broader perspective to emerge

speed dating for design

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

really two methods
need validation

user enactments

really two methods

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

abundance brings perspective
abundance brings perspective

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

abundance brings perspective25
abundance brings perspective

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

cross boundaries to find them
cross boundaries to find them

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

experience not feedback
experience, not feedback

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

need validation
need validation

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

slide29

22 concepts

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

slide30

22 concepts

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

slide31

22 concepts

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

snack day at school
snack day at school

Annie brings home a note from school. It’s her turn to bring in snack on the 26th

Today is the 2nd and Mom doesn’t want to forget. She puts a note on the fridge, but it gets lost in a sea of notes

On the 24th, the smart home adds Annie’s snacks to Mom’s shopping list

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

snack day at school33
snack day at school

Annie brings home a note from school. It’s her turn to bring in snack on the 26th

Today is the 2nd and Mom doesn’t want to forget. She puts a note on the fridge, but it gets lost in a sea of notes

On the 24th, the smart home adds Annie’s snacks to Mom’s shopping list

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

snack day at school34
snack day at school

Annie brings home a note from school. It’s her turn to bring in snack on the 26th

Today is the 2nd and Mom doesn’t want to forget. She puts a note on the fridge, but it gets lost in a sea of notes

On the 24th, the smart home adds Annie’s snacks to Mom’s shopping list

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

dad s in trouble
dad’s in trouble

“I feel so helpless.”

The smart home senses that Dad’s going to miss Annie, and pings people he can count on in a pinch

The neighbor’s not far from Annie. She agrees to get her.

The tow truck that comes for Dad tells him that Annie is safe and sound.

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

dad s in trouble36
dad’s in trouble

“I feel so helpless.”

The smart home senses that Dad’s going to miss Annie, and pings people he can count on in a pinch

The neighbor’s not far from Annie. She agrees to get her.

The tow truck that comes for Dad tells him that Annie is safe and sound.

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

getting the right idea
observation

kids activities cause stress

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

getting the right idea38
observation

kids activities cause stress

activities cause stress but other factors are important

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

respect these issues while fixing the problems

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

user enactments
user enactments

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening
what’s happening?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening41
highly proactivewhat’s happening?

arranges a ride

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening42
highly proactive

medium proactive

what’s happening?

arranges a ride

mediates a ride

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening43
highly proactive

medium proactive

low proactive

what’s happening?

arranges a ride

mediates a ride

provides list of who’s available

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

view from the back seat
view from the back seat

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening45
routine what’s happening?

remind mom about snack

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening46
routine

beginning

what’s happening?

remind mom about snack

tell mom what to buy for ballet

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what s happening47
routine

beginning

deviation

what’s happening?

remind mom about snack

tell mom what to buy for ballet

tell dad what to bring when mom’s away

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

put mom in the kitchen
put mom in the kitchen

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

what about interactions
what about interactions?

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

mom comes home
mom comes home

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

mom passes the laundry
mom passes the laundry

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

mom passes the laundry52
mom passes the laundry

“if you put johnny’s

shirt in his bag he

won’t forget it”

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

mom passes the laundry53
mom passes the laundry

“if you put johnny’s

shirt in his bag he

won’t forget it”

“tell him to get his own laundry”

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

kids activities not problems
kids activities not “problems”

kids are in activities to learn lessons about life

actions have consequences

parents want to protect their kids

also want kids to learn responsibility

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

implications for design
implications for design

can’t approach activities to “fix problems”

system needs to help kids learn to help themselves

kids have to learn about consequences and responsibility

in some places, assistance is inappropriate

parents must be part of the loop

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

getting the right idea56
observation

kids activities cause stress

activities cause stress but other factors are important

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

respect these issues while fixing the problems

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

getting the right idea57
observation

kids activities cause stress

activities cause stress but other factors are important

managing activity and parenting are inseparable

strategy

this is a problem, so fix it

respect these issues while fixing the problems

teach kids responsibility, function as a safety net

getting the right idea

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

tradeoffs
tradeoffs

sketch

explore

prototype

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

summary
summary

find the right concept + strategy important but unsupported

stands between sketching and prototyping

low-cost + engaging

learn about unpredictable consequences

evolve your application concept

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

continuing exploration
continuing exploration

taught in graduate hci design studio

push the method to make more flexible

apply in other concepts + domains

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

the end
the end

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

user enactments62
user enactments

experience prototyping

not designers but users

directly sample life-experience

react to situation portrayed how they would in their lives

bucheneau + fulton suri 2007

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

participatory design
participatory design

PICTIVE

Opportunity areas

muller 1992

halloran et al 2006

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

low fi kitchen
low-fi kitchen

muller 1992

halloran et al 2006

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

need validation65
need validation

observed

needs

perceived

needs

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

morning stress
morning stress

“MOM SAID 10 MIN MAX.”

The smart home shuts off the TV. Annie goes to get dressed.

“IT’S SNOWING WHAT SHOULD YOU WEAR?”

Annie picks a sweater and boots. Her “cyber pet” meows with joy.

The smart home rings a reminder sound as Mom walks past the fridge on the 26th. She sees her note and remembers Annie’s cookies

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman

predictable deviation
predictable deviation

scott davidoff, min kyung lee, anind dey + john zimmerman