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Lecture 3. Word Processing. Text Editors. Utility program for creating and modifying text files. Do not embed control characters, etc. in the document Examples edit, notpad (Windows) pico, emacs (Unix) Can be used to make quick notes, drafts edit system configuration files

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Lecture 3 l.jpg

Lecture 3

Word Processing

Text editors l.jpg
Text Editors

  • Utility program for creating and modifying text files.

  • Do not embed control characters, etc. in the document

  • Examples

    • edit, notpad (Windows)

    • pico, emacs (Unix)

  • Can be used

    • to make quick notes, drafts

    • edit system configuration files

    • write source code for programs

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

Word processor l.jpg
Word Processor

  • A complex software for editing documents containing text, images, tables, etc.

  • Typically use its own (and incompatible with others) format of document

  • Examples

    • Microsoft Word, Word Perfect (Windows)

    • StarWriter, WordPerfect (Unix)

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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The Word Processing Process


  • Entering text

  • Editing text

  • Formatting the document

  • Proofreading the document

  • Saving the document on disk

  • Printing the document

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Entering Text

Entering text with a word processor is similar to using a typewriter and its contents stored in RAM.

You must save your work periodically or you may lose it.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Editing Text

Editing is the process of writing and refining a document.

Text can be searched, found, deleted, inserted, moved, copied, and pasted over again.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Formatting Text

  • WYSIWYG - “what you see is what you get”.

  • Text formatting commands allow you to control the format and style of the document.

  • You can change the formatting of characters, lines and paragraphs, or entire documents.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Basic Features

  • Scrolling

  • Copy-and-Paste

  • Drag-and-Drop

  • Tips

    • don’t press <Enter> at the end of lines

    • use <Tab> instead of many spaces

    • don’t add manually page numbers, table of contents – they can be automated

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Status indicators

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Formatting Characters

Character size is measured in points. One point is 1/72 inch.

A font is a size and style of typeface.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Formatting Lines

This kind of formatting allows changes to be made to one or more lines of text.

The amount of spacing between lines of text can be increased or decreased.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Formatting Paragraphs

  • Justification involves adjusting left/right margins in the text.

  • Four paragraph justification choices include:

    • Left

    • Right

    • Full

    • Centered

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Other features

  • View modes, zoom

  • Undo, Redo

  • Margins

  • Drawing a picture

  • Tables

  • Styles

  • Subscripts and superscripts

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Formatting the Document

  • Formatting flexibility including:

    • Style sheets

    • Headers, footers, and margins

    • Multicolumn tables

    • Incorporating graphics

    • Footnoting and hyphenation

    • Corrections features

    • HTML conversion

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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The Wordsmith’s Toolbox

Word Processing enhanced features are:

  • Outliners and Idea Processors

  • Synonym Finders

  • Digital References

  • Spelling Checkers

  • Grammar and Style Checkers

  • Form Letter Generators

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Outliners and Idea Processors

Outliners/Idea processors are effective when:

- Arranging information into levels

- Rearranging ideas

- Hiding and revealing levels of detail

- Used by visual thinkers

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Synonym Finders

The thesaurus is an invaluable tool for finding just the right word.

The computer generated thesaurus provides several options for each word.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Digital References

  • Writers rely on dictionaries, quotation books, encyclopedias, atlases, almanacs, and other references.

  • Biggest advantage is the size and access speed

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Spelling Checkers

Most spell checkers offer several choices for words:

  • Replace words

  • Use an alternative

  • Leave word alone

  • Add word to the dictionary

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Grammar and Style Checkers

Grammar-and-style checking software analyzes each word in context, checking for errors of context and common grammatical errors and stylistic foibles.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Desktop publishing includes:

Writing text

Editing text

Producing drawings and other graphics

Designing a basic format

Typesetting text

The Desktop Publishing Story

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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The Desktop Publishing Story

  • Desktop publishing includes:

    • Arranging text and graphics on pages

    • Typesetting and printing pages

    • Binding pages into a finished publication.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Tomorrow’s Word Tools:Groupware

  • Groupware - Several people work on the same master document.

  • Each person can monitor and make suggestions for improving the document.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Electronic Dictation

  • Speech-recognition software - using your voice to input words into a word processor. This software has improved, but still has many weaknesses.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Intelligent Word Processors

  • Word processors that use artificial intelligence to assist the user in creating, editing, and finalizing a document.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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Shortcomings of word processors

  • WYSIMOLWYG (What You See Is More or Less What You Get)

  • Slow at editing large documents (over 100 pages)

  • Many of different non-ascii formats, difficult to exchange files

  • Difficult to enter math formulas

  • Word processors have many bugs

  • Typesetting quality too low for professional publications

  • Not enough control over layout

  • Expensive

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman

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  • Word processors are good for a quick letter, a simple memo, or a short note, or other document when it's more important to produce the result fast than produce the quality result.

  • TeX is de-facto standard in publishing. It is free of these shortcomings

  • But is more harder to use.

©1999 Addison Wesley Longman