Technology needs assessment botswana experience bangkok thailand
1 / 15

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Technology Needs Assessment-Botswana Experience – Bangkok, Thailand. Balisi Gopolang Climate Change Secretariat -Botswana. Background. Botswana ratified the UNFCCC in 1994 2001 submission of the INC to the UNFCCC INC offered opportunities for policy refinement.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - Gideon

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Technology needs assessment botswana experience bangkok thailand l.jpg

Technology Needs Assessment-Botswana Experience – Bangkok, Thailand

Balisi Gopolang

Climate Change Secretariat -Botswana

Background l.jpg
Background Thailand

  • Botswana ratified the UNFCCC in 1994

  • 2001 submission of the INC to the UNFCCC

  • INC offered opportunities for policy refinement.

  • INC sells national opportunities for foreign and local investment for safeguarding the environment.

Background cont l.jpg
Background (Cont.) Thailand

  • The TNA for Botswana was undertaken in 2004 by consultants.

  • Objective of the TNA to identify and assess environmentally sound technologies .

  • These technologies to have synergy between reducing impacts of CC and GHG emissions in Botswana with National Development objectives

Specific objectives l.jpg
Specific Objectives Thailand

  • Assess past efforts (INC) to identify GHG mitigation technologies and adaptation measures in critical economic and vulnerable sectors.

  • Define priority sectors for which technologies are needed.

  • Identify suitable technologies that mitigate GHG emissions, their sources, cost-effectiveness, barriers to adoption and adaptation/mitigation potential.

  • Review Government national policies.

  • Investigate social acceptability of some technologies.

Methodology l.jpg
Methodology Thailand

  • Secondary data collection involved review of past literature on:

    • V &A in Water and Agriculture

    • Mitigation studies in both energy and non-energy sector.

    • BINC

    • Vision 2016, NDPs, sectoral policies, projects and programmes.

    • Best practices in Botswana and other countries in relation to integrating CC programmes NDPs.

Methodology cont l.jpg
Methodology (cont) Thailand

  • Primary data entailed:

    • Interviews of Govt policy / decision makers

    • Interview of users and potential users of recycled/treated water.

    • Consultation with technology suppliers in and outside

    • Workshop of Govt decision makers, technology providers and other experts.

Tna energy l.jpg
TNA--Energy Thailand

  • Energy contributes to National GDP, as it is input to all production facilities and is a basic welfare need.

  • Overview of energy

    • Coal

    • Wood

    • Petroleum

    • Electricity

    • Solar

Energy technologies identified l.jpg
Energy technologies identified Thailand

  • Solar: PV, Cooling, Passive Designs, Cooking, Water Pumping, Solar Water Heating, Thermal Electricity Generation.

  • Biomass: Wood Chip Briquetting, Elephant Grass

  • Biogas: Sewerage, Slaughterhouse, Household, Landfill

  • Biofuel: Jetropha

  • Coal: Coal washing, coal bed methane

  • Energy Efficiency: CFL, Passive Solar Designs, Energy Management Systems

  • Other: Decentralized Generation, LPG, Fuel Cells, Modern Wind Technologies, Hybrid Systems

Barriers l.jpg
Barriers Thailand

  • High capital costs

  • Lack of expertise in the country.

  • Lack of confidence in some of the new technologies.

  • Lack of raw materials

  • Lack of infrastructure

  • Lack of info and fear Jetropha could be a weed and degrade the rangeland

Water l.jpg
Water Thailand

  • Wastewater Treatment: technologies are: Activated Sludge, Percolating Filter, Bio Contactors, Stabilization Ponds, Constructed Wetlands, Lime/Limestone, Vacuum Sewerage

  • Water Treatment: Reverse Osmosis, Polymer Technology, Demineralization

  • Rain Water Harvesting: Ground Catchment Tank, Roof Catchment Tank

Barriers11 l.jpg
Barriers Thailand

  • Expensive

  • Lack of knowledge

  • Social acceptability of recycled water

Agriculture l.jpg
Agriculture Thailand

  • Livestock: Reducing Livestock Numbers, Animal Productivity, Ionophores, Probiotics, Manipulating Nutrient Composition, Animal Breeding, Livestock Methane Vaccine

  • Tillage: Conservation Tillage, Soil Carbon Uptake, Tractor Operation and Selection

  • Usage of Variety with short growing period crops

Barriers13 l.jpg
Barriers Thailand

  • Reluctance to reduce numbers

  • Lack of knowledge and information

Where we are today l.jpg

  • Several municipal sewerage works running on methane

  • CBM being extracted

  • Water recycling being done mainly for irrigation

  • Coal washing being implemented

  • Solar water heaters being promoted

  • Small scale solar power stations available and being promoted

  • Some policies being reviewed.

  • Non Motorized Transport project implemented.

  • Ministry of Agric. Working on coming up with more drought resilient crops.

Thank you l.jpg
Thank you Thailand