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Order Carnivora Family Felidae Large canines No diastema Claws retractile Flat face Lynx rufus Lynx rufus Bobcat By: Natalie Hedlund Lynx rufus Identification:

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Order Carnivora Family Felidae

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order carnivora family felidae
Order CarnivoraFamily Felidae
  • Large canines
  • No diastema
  • Claws retractile
  • Flat face

Lynx rufus

lynx rufus bobcat

Lynx rufusBobcat


Natalie Hedlund


Lynx rufus


Reddish brown to grayish brown; irregular dark spots; venter whitish; tail tip black dorsally, white ventrally; black tuffs and white spot on ears

Distribution: Statewide



Lynx rufus

Habitat: bottomland forests; live in underbrush, timber cover, rock outcroppings allow rivers and streams

Diet: small mammals- mice, voles, squirrels, and rabbits; birds; sometimes a young deer; occasionally invertebrates



Lynx rufus

Reproduction: mating occurs around February to March; Gestation about 62 days; one litter of 1to 4 annually; young remain with mother for a year

Conservation State: common Southwest Iowa, uncommon in all rest of Iowa

1977- Endangered

2001- Threatened

August 2003- off threatened list



Lynx rufus

  • Other:
  • Nocturnal
  • Lifespan: Wild 12-14 years
  • Captivity 32 years
  • Smallest native North American cat




Iowa Department of Natural Resources. Bobcat. Available at http://www.iowadnr.com/wildlife/files/bobcat.html. November 2004.

Jones, J.K, Jr. and E.C. Birney. 1988. Handbook of Mammals of the North-central States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.

Kays, R.W. and D.E. Wilson. 2002. The Mammals of North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

felis catus domestic cat

Felis catusDomestic Cat


Natalie Hedlund


Felis catus

Identification: pelage varies in color; Total Length < 70cm; Long tail ( more than twice the length of hind foot); retractable claws (sometimes no claws); 30 different Breeds

Distribution: Statewide

Habitat: Homes, Buildings



Felis catus

Diet: commercial food, rodents, birds

Reproduction: Four litters of 1 to 4 kittens annually; gestation 63 days; born blind and deaf; lifespan 12 to 15 years

Conservation Status: Abundant



Felis catus

  • Other:
  • Descendants of the wild cat (Felis silvestris libyca)
  • The wild cat originated in Africa and Southwest Asia
  • Domesticated in 1500 BC in ancient Egypt



Felis catus

  • Have 30 spinal vertebrae ( five more than humans)
  • External ear can rotate up to 180 degrees
  • Heart beat 110 – 140 times/ minute
  • Body temperature is 101degrees Fahrenheit




Animal Planet. Cat Guide. Available at http://animal.discovery.com/guides/cats/cats.html. November 2004.

Explorit Science Center. About Cats. Available at http://www.explorit.org/science/cats.html. November 2004.

The Humane Society of the United States. Cat. Available at http://www.hsus.org/ace/12221. November 2004.

felis concolor

Felis concolor

Mountain Lion

By Mandie Riha

http:/ www.vanishingspecies.net/animals/cougar/gallery/image-85.html

identification felis concolor
IdentificationFelis concolor
  • Large and slender with small head and very long tail
  • Light brown (can look gray or black)
  • 30 teeth

http:/ www.vanishingspecies.net/animals/cougar/gallery/image-29.html

identification felis concolor16
IdentificationFelis concolor
  • Body length: 3-4 ft (1800-2700mm)
  • Tail: 2.5-3 ft (750-900mm)
  • Height: 25-30 in
  • Weight: Male: 140-160Ib, Female: 90-110Ib
  • Hind Foot: 10.5-11in (260-280mm)


distribution felis concolor
DistributionFelis concolor
  • From Canada to South America
  • Once in all North America now western US, Western Canada and Mexico
  • South Florida
  • Iowa Loess Hills


habitat felis concolor
HabitatFelis concolor
  • Dense cover or rocky, rugged terrain
  • Low human habitation
  • Dense swamps
  • Seek shelter in rocky crevices, hollow trees, bank holes, tall grass, or under brush
  • No bedding for nests



diet felis concolor
DietFelis concolor
  • Carnivores
  • Don’t eat large prey all at one setting
  • Avoid spoiled meats
  • Will feed on livestock and domestic dogs




reproduction felis concolor
Mom gets food for kits till 2 months old

Kits lose spots slowly

Kits stay with mom 2yrs

Kits may stay together after leave mom

Breed after 2.5 to 3 years

Have young 2yr intervals

Young born any month (peak June)

1-6 kits/litter

Kits born blind and weigh 1Ib

Kits buff spotted with black with rings of brown on tail

ReproductionFelis Concolor

http:/ www.vanishingspecies.net/animals/cougar/gallery/


conservation status felis concolor
Conservation StatusFelis concolor
  • Not located in Iowa
  • Endangered in S. Florida
  • Endangered throughout their range
other information felis concolor
Other InformationFelis concolor
  • Climb trees
  • Can swim
  • Stalk prey 50ft away
  • Live in family units
  • Solitary except when mating
  • Nocturnal
  • Live 12 yr wild
  • Main enemy=man
  • Fur little value to man
  • Meat is edible

http:/ www.vanishingspecies.net/animals/cougar/


any questions
Any Questions?


  • Jones,J.K, Jr. and E.C. Birney. 1988. Handbook of Mammals of the North-central States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis
  • MDC.Online. Mountain Lion (Felis concolor). Available at http://mdc.mo.gov/nathis/mammals/milion/reference/. August 2004
  • Texas Parks and Wildlife. Mountain Lion. Available at http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/nature/wild/mammals/mountainlion/. February 2004
order artiodactyla family cervidae
Order ArtiodactylaFamily Cervidae
  • Large bodies with hooves
  • Head not massive
  • Antlers (males – shed annually)

Odocoileus virginianus

odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer

Odocoileus virginianusWhite-tailed Deer

Patty Morgan


odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer27
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer
  • Identification:

Reddish brown in summer, gray/brown in winter, white throat, eye and nose rings, white ventrally including tail

Males 40-140 kg, antlered

Females 30-90 kg, no antlers

Young have white spots


odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer28
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer

Mule Deer

White-tailed Deer



White-tailed deer have smaller ears, larger tail with no black tip, antlers divided differently

odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer29
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer
  • Distribution:

Southern Canada throughout U.S., except Southwest

Found throughout Iowa

  • Habitat:

Wooded areas near clearings


odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer30
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer
  • Diet:


green vegetation, nuts, corn, twigs and buds

  • Reproduction:

Breed in November, 1-3 young, born after 6 months

Female young stay with mother for 2 years


odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer31
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer

In Iowa: half of female deer will breed within first year, most adults have two young, triplets becoming more common

  • Conservation Status:

abundant, population increasing

Two sub-species are endangered


odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer32
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer
  • Other:

Nation wide annually-

726,000 deer killed in car accidents

211 human fatalities

$1 billion damage

In Iowa annually-


$27 million in damage


odocoileus virginianus white tailed deer33
Odocoileus virginianus: White-tailed Deer
  • Other cont’d:

$76,848,482 annually from deer hunters

90% of population would survive w/out hunting

Carry ticks-Lyme disease



eNature.com. National Wildlife Federation. Available at http://www.enature.com. October 2004.

Jones, J.K, Jr. and E.C. Birney. 1998. Handbook of Mammals of the North-central States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneaopolis.

Kays, R.W. and D.E. Wilson. 2002. The Mammals of North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Natureworks. New Hampshire Public television. Available at http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/whitetaileddeer.htm#3. November 2004.

OhDeer.net. Oh Deer Inc. Available at http://www.ohdeer.net/html/ohdeer.html. November 2004.

Suchy, Willie. “Evaluating the Results of the 2003/2004 deer season.” Iowa Department of Natural Resources.

odocoileus hemionus mule deer

Odocoileus hemionusMule deer

By Kim Schaefer

Order Artiodactyla

Family Cervidae


odocoileus hemionus
Identification: dorsum reddish brown in new summer coat, but changes to pale brown and grayish in winter. Grayish white rump patch; venter whitish; long ears; small, black-tipped tail; white throat patch; dichotomously branching antlers

Total length: 1.2-1.8m

Tail: 13-22 cm

Weight: 30-120 kg


Odocoileus hemionus

White-tailed Deer

Mule Deer

odocoileus hemionus37
Odocoileus hemionus

Distribution: western IA

Habitat: forests, grasslands, mountains

-prefers mixed habitat of open areas for feeding and brushy areas for protection

Diet: herbivorous


odocoileus hemionus38
Reproduction: breed from Oct. to Dec.

-200-208 days gestation

-1 to 3 fawns born in spring

-usually twins

Conservation status: uncommon

-most likely wanderers

-currently no breeding populations in IA

Odocoileus hemionus


odocoileus hemionus39
Odocoileus hemionus


-longevity 10-20 years in wild

-crepuscular and nocturnal

-run with stiff-legged gait (stotting) and tail down

-prone to internal and external parasites

-diseases such as Chronic Wasting Disease, foot-and-mouth disease, brucellosis among others


references odocoileus hemionus
References: Odocoileus hemionus

Animal Diversity Web. Odocoileus hemionus. Availiable at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Odocoileus_hemionus.html. November 2004.

Wildlife in Iowa. Availiable at http://www.iowadnr.com/education/wldresbs.html#status. November 2004.

Wind Cave National Park. Mule Deer- Odocoileus hemionus. Availiable at http://www.nps.gov/wica/Mule_Deer.html. November 2004.

Jones, J. K. Jr. and E.C. Birney. 1988. Handbook of Mammals of the North-central States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.

Kays, R.W. and D.E. Wilson. 2002. The Mammals of North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

order artiodactyla family bovidae
Order ArtiodactylaFamily Bovidae
  • Large body with hooves
  • Head massive
  • Horns in both sexes


Bison bison

order artiodactyla family bovidae42
Order Artiodactyla:Family Bovidae


bison bison american bison kelly redding
Bison bison: American BisonKelly Redding

• Identification: Large bovid (having hollow unbranched horns); massive forequarters; large head; distinctive hump; brown wooly pelage,; horns present in both sexes

• Lifespan: 15-25 years


bison bison
Bison bison

• Distribution: captivity only

• Habitat: mixed and short grass prairies, woodlands

• Diet: green plants, drinks water once a day

Black Walnut


bison bison45
Bison bison

• Reproduction: Single calf born in May or June

• Conservation status: Extirpated from Iowa, only in captivity now

• Other: Known to have calves at 30 years old; last Bison sighted in Iowa in Dickinson County in 1870; numbered an estimated 20 million to 30 millionapproximately 250,000 left today; 16,000 roam in the wild

references sciurus niger
References: Sciurus niger
  • Jones, J.K., Jr. and E.C. Birney. 1988. Handbook of Mammals of the North-Central States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
  • Kays, R.W. and D.E. Wilson. 2002. The Mammals of North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
  • “North American Wildlife”, editor Susan J. Wernert. Reader’s Digest Association. Pleasantville, NY. 1982.
  • Dinsmore, James J. 1994. A Country So Full Of Game. University of Iowa Press. Iowa City, Iowa.
references cont
References cont.
  • Neal Smith Wildlife Refuge. Available at http://www.tallgrass.org/buffalo2.html. October 2004.
  • Kids Planet Available at http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/bison.html
  • Montana State University. Available at http://www.montana.edu/~wwwcbs/
  • Yellowstone National Park. Available at