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How to convince a university to become a research world class university. Paul Serban Agachi President of the Academic Council, University Babe ş -Bolyai Cluj-Napoca, Romania UNICA RECTOR’S SEMINAR The Role of Evaluation and Ranking of Universities in the Quality Culture

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how to convince a university to become a research world class university

How to convince a university to become a research world class university

Paul Serban Agachi

President of the Academic Council, University Babeş-Bolyai

Cluj-Napoca, Romania

UNICA RECTOR’S SEMINAR

The Role of Evaluation and Ranking of Universities in the Quality Culture

Dubrovnik, July 3-4, 2009

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline
Outline
  • Context
  • Present situation in university rankings
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

context
Context
  • Demographic decline in Europe
  • Global competition for human capital
  • Global financial crisis
  • World Class University

…… highly competitive climate

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

context romania
Context - Romania
  • Economic increase 6-8% in the last four years (uncertainty for the years to come); – 6% estimated for 2009
  • GDP increase from 38Bn Euros - 2004 to 130Bn Euros - 2007
  • Allocation for Education 3.5% in 2004 to 6% in 2008
  • Investment in research 0.18% GDP in 2004 to 0.79% GDP in 2008; 0.19% in 2009

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

context romania5
Context - Romania
  • Student population increase from 660/100,000 population in 1990 to 3,400/100,000 population in 2005; increase with 34% since 2000
  • Student distribution on fields of study:

- Humanities and Social Sciences – 58%;

- Science and Engineering – 25%

- Health and welfare – 6% (EFA 2005)

  • 107 HE institutions (55 public) in 2005
  • Student population decline rate 5% 2010-2015

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

university challenges
University challenges
  • Status of „multi-purpose” and „multi-product” institutions;
  • Role they wish to play at national level;
  • Level of relevance and acknowledgement sought at international level;
  • Preservation of its distinctive features, identity and autonomy;
  • Increased need for standardisation at international level.

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline7
Outline
  • Context
  • Present situation in university rankings
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

world rankings regional rankings
World rankings/Regional rankings
  • China - Shanghai Jiao Tong ARWUranking – 2005
  • UK - QS World University Ranking - 2005
  • Taiwan - HEEACT Global Ranking– 2007
  • Russia – World University Ranking - 2009
  • Spain – Webometrics Rankings of World Universities – 2005
  • Europe –CHERPA ARWU - 2011
  • UK - QS Asia University Rankings – 2009
  • Spain - Webometrics Rankings of Latin American Universities - 2009

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

example qs world rankings federkeil astana 2009

Exampe: THES World Rankings

But: is Johns Hopkins

exactly 92,9 % as good as Harvard?

Example: QS World Rankings (Federkeil, Astana 2009)

ranking of whole universities

weights of

indicators ?

composite

overall score

league table with clear rank positions

european reaction t he che ranking indicators

city,

university

students

study

outcome

internatio-

nalisation

teaching

resources

research

labour market,

employability

overall

assessment

(students,

professors)

European reaction: the CHE-Ranking Indicators

20 – 25 indicators ...

impact of rankings on heis hefce 2008 hazelkorn 2007
Impact of rankings on HEIs (HEFCE 2008, Hazelkorn 2007)
  • Widespread skepticism ,but HEIs are influenced by rankings (over 60% of university managers take care)
  • Most common responses: promotion & marketing but also data gathering & compilation, e.g.= better data collection & more use of student surveys
  • No influence on mission, course content or research
  • International rankings becoming more important

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

how does rankings influence university policy case study ubb
How does rankings influence university policy – case study UBB
  • In 2007 – BBU in SJTU ARWU ranking – 700-800
  • In 2008 – BBU in Taiwan HEEACT – 673
  • In 2009 – BBU in Taiwan HEEACT – 702

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline15
Outline
  • Context
  • Present situation in university rankings
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

university babe bolyai
University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Founded in 1581
  • 52,000 – 55,000 students (7,000 in 1990)
  • 1,600 teaching staff, 300 research staff and about 1,500 administrative and technical staff
  • 111 study programs in Romanian,

56 study programs in Hungarian

12 study programs in German

study programs in other languages

Master programs (157)

PhD programs (22 doctoral schools and 200 PhD advisors)

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

university babe bolyai17
University Babeş-Bolyai
  • 21 faculties
  • 101 chairs/ departments
  • Comprehensive: social sciences, hard sciences, humanities, engineering, theology, sports, arts

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

university babe bolyai18
University Babeş-Bolyai

Mission (Strategic Plan 2008-2011)

  • To form elites and opinion leaders in the conditions the university itself is an opinion leader;
  • To form cultural personalities in the conditions the university is a generator of culture;
  • To form responsible citizens and skilled managers and administrators, capable to understand;
  • To form top researchers and to be a first rank research university with contributions to creation of knowledge;
  • To form innovators with entrepreneurial skills

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

ubb to be competitive
UBB to be competitive
  • Excellent research
  • Good conditions of teaching and learning
  • Competent consultancy for the economic environment

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline20
Outline
  • Context
  • Present situation in university rankings
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

ubb strategy of research
UBB Strategy of Research

Discussed and voted in December 2004

Main objectives

  • Use all administrative/ communication levers to increase the importance of the scientific research in the university activity.
  • Increase of the quality (seen as international visibility) of scientific research, stimulating the performance.

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

ubb strategy of research22
UBB Strategy of Research

Main objectives

  • Increase of the practical relevance of the scientific research satisfying the beneficiaries from economy.
  • Modernize and reorganize the research management

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

ubb strategy of research23
UBB Strategy of Research

Priorities

  • Natural and artificial nostructured systems; processesand (bio)technologyat nanometric scale.
  • Applied informatics, bio-informatics, data mining.
  • Sustainable development and ecological systems.
  • Quality of life and environment. Values and socio-human comportment.
  • Integrationthrough religionand culture.

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline24
Outline
  • Context
  • Present situation in university rankings
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

assessment of ubb situation
Assessment of UBB situation
  • In 1990:
    • small university
    • only a few schools in research (hard sciences, history, philosophy)
    • not exposed to the international environment
  • In 2008:
    • large university; too many staff members engaged only in teaching!!
    • new faculties and departments (political sciences, environmental sciences, European studies, etc.)
    • new study and research programs
    • large number of scientific mobilities

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

assessment of ubb situation cncsis
Assessment of UBB situationCNCSIS

Where is BBU positioned nationally in the ranking on

scientific activity?

2004 University Bucharest – 100p

University Babes-Bolyai – 70.54p

University Politehnica Bucharest – 62.54p

2005 University Bucharest – 100p

University Babes-Bolyai – 96.54p

University Politehnica Bucharest – 82.34p

2006 University Babes-Bolyai – 100p

University Bucharest – 99.13p

University A.I.Cuza Iassy – 86.99p

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

assessment of ubb situation cnfis 2006
Assessment of UBB situationCNFIS 2006

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

assessment of ubb situation28
Assessment of UBB situation

Where is BBU positioned internationally in the ranking on scientific activity?

  • Shanghai ranking

2006 – position in category 700 - 800

2007 – position in category 700 – 800 in decrease

  • Taiwan HEEACT ranking

2007 – position 673

2009 – position 702

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline29
Outline
  • Context
  • Present situation in university rankings
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

goals
Goals
  • Accession in Shanghai ranking first 500
  • Consolidation of BBU position on the Romanian research market
  • Contribute to the economic growth of the region and the country
  • Contribute essentially to the social and cultural development of the region and the country

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline31
Outline
  • Context
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

general points
General points
  • Create the environment for research

“preach in the desert”

  • Facilitate the information
  • Establish rules and regulations
  • Invest in research infrastructure
  • Gather reliable data from the university
  • Promote incentives
  • Impose conditions of promotion and retribution

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

organization of r esearch management
Organization of research management
  • Organization of the Research Council (four commissions: evaluation and quality; infrastructure; personnel; management): policies, rules and regulations
  • Organization of the Department of Research Management (compartments of national programs, international programs, evaluation and statistics, technology transfer, patenting and authors’ rights)

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

create the environment
Create the environment
  • Rules of internal competition, evaluation and distribution of funds
  • Scientometric and peer review analysis of the departments and persons (of the RAE type) – reports
  • Evaluation of the research centers
  • Statute of the research personnel
  • University journals – access in ISI

and

Preach in the desert!

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

measures for becoming competitive
Measures for becoming competitive

Starting with 2005 and 2006

  • Establishment of a budget of research
  • Employ researchers 35 – 2006, 300 - 2008
  • Finance the interdisciplinary research in the university
  • Finance the research infrastructure
  • Finance the young researchers’ internal programs
  • Incentives for exquisite books and articles

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

measures for becoming competitive36
Measures for becoming competitive

Starting with 2007

  • Establishment of the schools of scientific research
  • Establishment of the schools of research excellence

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

new context of the research
New context of the research
  • ANCS program of investment in research:

increase in financing (prediction in 2006)

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

new context of the research38
New context of the research
  • National Strategy of R&D

(2007–2013):

    • Three main objectives
      • Create visible knowledge
      • Economic growth
      • Social quality
    • Establishment of the priorities
    • Output and impact indicators

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

financing ubb research
Financing UBB research
  • Capacities – subprogram for infrastructure – 2009 - 2010

“Integrated Network for

Interdisciplinary Research” -14MEuro

(biology, geology, physics, chemistry, psychology)

  • 2004-2007 ten time increase of funding obtained by competition

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

research funds
Research Funds

Comparative increase of the research

funds at UBB and national

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

financing ubb research at the level of the national budget
Financing UBB researchat the level of the national budget

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

research funds ubb
Research Funds UBB

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

collection of reliable data system for research management

BBU / University Research management – Synthesis / reporting facilities

Faculties’ / Departments’ management – Synthesis / reporting facilities

Chairs / Centers / Institutes’ management –

Synthesis / reporting facilities

Teaching & research staff, PhD candidates – Information upload & update facilities

Reporting facilities

Collection of reliable dataSystem for Research Management

Structure of the System for Research management

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

system for research management
System for Research Management

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

system for research management45
System for Research Management

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

u bb 500 program
UBB 500 program
  • Analysis of the demands of Shanghai ranking
  • Analysis of the dynamics of international scientific research and publications

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

u bb 500 program47
UBB 500 program
  • Internal analysis of the results of the faculties
  • Projection for the next 5 years
  • A plan of measures of 5 years to consolidate and improve the scientific activity (promote own scientific journals in ISI, employment of qualified personnel for research, allocations of funds for performance, restructuring of administrative activity etc.)

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

results
Results
  • Increase of the ISI productivity with 40% 2006-2007 (2003- 0.18 articles/ teaching staff; 2006- 0.27; 2007-0.38)
  • 5 journals in the ISI Web Of Science and 3 on ISI Master Journal List
  • Number of patents increased 5 times
  • Institute of Technology established

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

results50
Results

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

outline51
Outline
  • Context
  • University Babeş-Bolyai
  • Strategy of Research at UBB
  • Assessment of the present situation
  • Goals
  • Measures taken for becoming competitive
  • Conclusions

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

conclusions
Conclusions

Unaccomplishments!:

  • could not impose some performance criteria
  • no. of patents still insignificant, applied research almost inexistent
  • ISI publications absent in some departments
  • the rate of publication is still low
  • lower position in the Shanghai ranking

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

conclusions53
Conclusions

Accomplishments:

  • accepted strategy of research
  • ISI is not anymore a scarecrow
  • special budget for research
  • large increase in funds acquired
  • important investment in research infrastructure
  • slight increase in performances

UBB – a system with inverse

response

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

conclusions54
Conclusions

UBB or any other university in Romania with these aims should not be left alone in the battle!There are practically four universities in Romania aiming, out of 100 HEIs

Governmental policies needed!

- China produced already the Shanghai ranking and special funding

- Germany has first class category of universities

- Taiwan has special program for Developing First-class universities

- Romania has good intentions – Quality and

Leadership – HRD EU project

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro

slide55

Thank you for your attention

Paul Serban Agachi

President of the Academic Council of the

Babeş-Bolyai University

http://www.ubbcluj.ro/ro/despre/cons-acad.html

sagachi@staff.ubbcluj.ro

Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, www.ubbcluj.ro