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FUEL INJECTOR DIAGNOSIS. CHAPTER 11 LAB MANUAL. INJECTION SYSTEMS AND LAB SCOPES . Two Main Systems for Injector Control. Group or Bank Injection Groups of injectors fire together Each driver fires two or more injectors Sequential Fuel Injection Injectors fire one at at time

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FUEL INJECTOR DIAGNOSIS

CHAPTER 11

LAB MANUAL



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Two Main Systems for Injector Control

  • Group or Bank Injection

    • Groups of injectors fire together

    • Each driver fires two or more injectors

  • Sequential Fuel Injection

    • Injectors fire one at at time

    • Each injector has its own driver

  • Type determines diagnostic method


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INJECTOR ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS

  • Conventional (Mechanical) Current Limiting

    • Two mechanical methods of limiting current

      • Ballast resistors

      • High resistance Injectors

    • Saturated Driver Circuit

      • Turns injectors on and off


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Conventional (Saturated) Switch Injector

  • Injector driver constantly applies current to the injector

  • Use a single on-time pulse

  • Measure from falling edge to rising edge


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INJECTOR ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS

  • ELECTRONIC CURRENT LIMITING

    • Peak and Hold

      • Computer uses a “Peak Circuit” and a “Hold Circuit”

      • Computer turns on both circuits to energize injector - current flow high

      • Turns off “Peak Circuit”

      • “Hold Circuit” reduces current flow

      • Turns off “Hold Circuit” to end on-time


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PEAK AND HOLD INJECTOR

  • Uses two circuits to energize injector

  • After initial current flow, one circuit releases and allows second circuit to operate with lower current.

  • Measure on time at falling edge and off time at second spike


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PNP Injector

  • PNP driver allows reverse polarity

  • Driver applies current to operate injector

  • Single on-time pulse


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Pulse Modulated Peak and Hold Injector

  • ELECTRONIC CURRENT LIMITING

    • Pulse Modulated

      • Computer turns injectors on

      • Computer rapidly pulses signal to limit current flow

      • Computer turns injector off


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BOSCH PNP PEAK AND HOLD

  • Same as NPN but reverse polarity

  • Circuit is always grounded

  • Computer sends pulse to energize injector

  • Used on European cars


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INJECTOR DIAGNOSIS

  • Must have clean vertical drop on on-time pulse

  • Pulse much reach within 600 milli-volts of ground

  • Spikes should be consistent, if not may be power feed to PCM

  • Waveforms abnormal - Start a waveform library


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  • LAB PRACTICAL

    • Get a car and hook up a lab scope to an fuel injector.

    • Draw the pattern you get and identify the type of injector circuit

    • Be sure to measure the amplitude and the pulse width.


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