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security cooperation

Security Cooperation

All DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific U.S. security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide U.S. forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation.

-- Joint Pub 1-02

security cooperation programs
Security Cooperation Programs
  • Encompass all Defense Department international activities
  • Variety of funding mechanisms
  • Variety of executing organizations
  • Each program may have unique policy guidance
selected dod security cooperation programs
Selected DoD SecurityCooperation Programs
  • Combined Exercises
  • JCETs (Special Operations training)
  • Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP)
  • Counternarcotics Assistance
  • Regional Centers
  • Equip and Train Iraq and Afghanistan
  • National Guard State Partnership Program
  • International Armaments Cooperation
  • Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreements
  • Building Partner Capacity (Section 1206, NDAA for FY 07)
  • Humanitarian Assistance and Demining Assistance
  • Etc.
major dod s c program funding
Major DoD S.C. Program Funding
  • DoD Train and Equip Afghanistan
    • FY06 - ($500M) plus $2.0B
    • FY07 - $1.5B plus $5.9B
    • FY08 - $1.35B plus $1.4B
    • FY09 - $2.0B plus $3.6B
  • DoD Train and Equip Iraq
    • FY06 - ($500M) plus $3.0B
    • FY07 - $1.7B plus $3.8B
    • FY08 - $1.5B plus $1.5B
    • FY09 - $1.0B
  • Combating Terrorist Fellowship Program (CTFP)
    • FY06 & FY07 - $20M
    • FY08 - $25M
    • FY09 - $35M
selected sc programs cont
Selected SC Programs (Cont)
  • Department of State directed but DoD administered security assistance:
      • Foreign Military Sales
      • Foreign Military Financing Program
      • International Military Education and Training
      • Leasing
      • DoD drawdowns
      • Excess defense articles
security assistance
Security Assistance
  • Economic & military assistance to allied and friendly governments
  • Foreign policy/national security objectives
  • Defense articles/services/training
  • Sales/leases & grants/loans
state department security assistance responsibilities
State Department Security Assistance Responsibilities
  • General direction
  • Program determination
  • Program integration
state department bureau of political military affairs

Assistant Secretary,

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

DAS

Plans, Programs,

& OPS

DAS

Management &

Negotiations

DAS

Defense Trade Controls

& Regional Security

Directorate Defense Trade Controls

(DDTC)

Regional Security and Arms Transfers (RSAT)

DTC/L Licensing Divisions

Regional Security

DTC/C Compliance

Arms Transfer

DTC/P Policy

Effective 1 Jan 08

State Department Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
dod responsibilities
DoD Responsibilities
  • Program supervision
  • Requirements determination
  • Procurement of equipment/services
  • Movement and delivery of military end-items
  • Establishment of priorities
department of defense
Department of Defense

Secretary of Defense

––––––––––––––––––––––––

Deputy Secretary of Defense

MILDEPs

Joint Staff

Under SECDEF

(Acquisition, Technology, & Logistics)

Under SECDEF

(Policy)

J-5

EUCOM

PACOM

Dir, International Cooperation

DSCA

SOUTHCOM

CENTCOM

NORTHCOM

AFRICOM

defense security cooperation agency
Defense Security Cooperation Agency
  • Direct, administer, and supervise DoD security assistance programs
  • Develop and promulgate DoD security assistance procedures
  • Administer the following DoD SC programs:
    • Humanitarian Assistance
    • Humanitarian Mine Action Program
    • Warsaw Initiative
    • Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program
    • Regional Centers for Security Studies

DoDD 5105.65

the major security assistance programs
The Major SecurityAssistance Programs
  • Foreign Military Sales (FMS)*
  • Foreign Military Financing Program (FMFP)*
  • International Military Education and Training (IMET)*
  • Direct Commercial Sales (DCS)
  • Economic Support Fund (ESF)
  • Peacekeeping Operations (PKO)

* DoD administered

foreign military sales fms
Foreign Military Sales (FMS)

Sales authorized by the AECAfrom DoD stock or through DoD procurement of defense articles and services (including training)

u s fms and fms construction agreements deliveries
U.S. FMS and FMS Construction Agreements/Deliveries

33

32

29.2

30

Agreements

Deliveries

28

26

24

22

19.5

20

18.3

18

16.9

Dollars in billions

15.6

16

14

12.6

12.7

14

12.5

10.6

12.4

11.5

12.2

11.2

12

13.2

12.8

13.5

12.1

12.2

11.7

11

10

10.4

9.8

9.8

9.2

8

8.6

8.3

8.1

6

4

2

0

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

Fiscal Years

Source: DSCA: Historical Facts Book, as of 30 September 2007

foreign military financing program fmfp
Foreign Military Financing Program (FMFP)

Furnishes FMS financial grants or loans authorized by the AECA to enable eligible foreign governments to purchase U.S. defense articles and services (including training)

fy 2009 fmfp allocations in millions
FY 2009 FMFP Allocations($ in millions)

$2,550.000

1,300.000

335.000

124.155

$4,309.155

94.700

304.370

$399.070

Israel

Egypt

Jordan

Other Near East

Sub-Total

Europe/Eurasia

South/Central Asia

Sub-Total

West Hemisphere

Africa

E. Asia and Pacific

Sub-Total

FMFP Admin

Total Alloc.

$119.300

8.255 50.300

$177.855

51.420

$4,937.500

Does not include $1,294M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

FY2010 proposal -- $5,274.390M

international military education and training imet
International Military Education and Training (IMET)

Military training authorized by the FAA on a grant basis to foreign military and related civilian personnel for training both in the U.S. and in overseas facilities

fy 2003 2009 imet programs in millions
FY 2003-2009 IMET Programs($ in millions)

FY 03

$70.00

126

10,736

FY 04

$91.16

104

11,832

FY 05

$89.01

102

7,981

FY 06

$ 85.88

107

7,998

FY 07

$ 85.88

127

8,622

FY 08

$85.18

140

7,998

FY 09

$91.00

138

na

Funding Levels

No. Of Countries

No. Of Students

Does not include $2M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

FY2010 proposal -- $110.283M

direct commercial sales dcs
Direct Commercial Sales(DCS)

Commercial export sales authorized by the AECAto be licensed by State Department

economic support fund esf
Economic Support Fund(ESF)
  • Flexible economic grant assistance authorized by the FAA to countries selected for their special political and security interests to the U.S.
  • Managed by USAID
  • Possible ESF programs include
    • Balance of payments support
    • Commodity import support
    • Development and capital projects
    • Technical assistance
    • General budget support
fy 2009 esf allocations in millions
FY 2009 ESF Allocations($ in millions)

Program

Egypt

Jordan

West Bank/Gaza

Lebanon

M.E. Part. Init.

Other N.E.

Total N.E.

Europe/Eurasia

Africa

Does not include $2,974M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

FY2010 proposal -- $6,504.096M

.

Allocation

$200.000

363.547

225.000

67.500

50.000

155.067

$1,061.114

$38.500

$514.910

Program

Afghanistan

Pakistan

Other S/C Asia

Total South/Central Asia

Western Hemisphere

East Asia/Pacific

Other Global

Total ESF Allocation

Allocation

$1,187.000

575.000

76.801

$1,838.801

$396.350

$163.900

$129.725

$4,143.300

voluntary peacekeeping operations pko
Voluntary Peacekeeping Operations (PKO)

Assistance authorized by the FAA to friendly countries and international organizations for peacekeeping programs which further U.S. national security interests

fy 2009 voluntary peacekeeping operations pko in millions
FY 2009 Voluntary Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) ($ in millions)

Dem. Rep. of Congo

Trans-Sahara C/T Partnership

Sudan

Somalia

Africa Regional

Liberia

Multinational Force & Observers (MFO-Sinai)

Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI)

Total Allocation

Does not include $185M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

FY2010 proposal – 296.400M

$25.500

15.000

38.000

78.600

7.500

49.650

25.000

105.950

$345.200

fys 2008 2010 s a funding
FYs 2008-2010 S.A. Funding

FY 09

$4,937M

91M

4,143M

345M

$9,516M

FY 10

$5,274M

110M

6,504M

296M

$12,184M

FY 08

$4,719M

85M

5,362M

261M

$10,427M

FMFP

IMET

ESF

PKO

Total

Does not include $4,455M in S.A. funding from the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009, P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

saa 2009 p l 111 32 24 jun 09
SAA, 2009, P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

FMFP $1,294M to include:

$260M for the Mexican Navy

69M for Lebanon

150M for Jordan (not avail until FY10)

260M for Egypt (not avail until FY10)

555M for Israel (not avail until FY10)

IMET $2M for Iraq

ESF $2,974M to include:

$861M for Afghanistan

539M for Pakistan

439M for Iraq

551M for West Bank/Gaza

584M for other countries/programs

PKO $185M to include:

$15M for Dem. Rep. of Congo

2M for the MFO (Sinai)

168M for Somalia

other sa programs
Other SA Programs
  • Leases of defense articles and services
  • Excess defense articles sales/grants
  • Emergency drawdown authorities
    • Military emergencies
    • Other emergencies to include:
      • Counternarcotics
      • Disaster relief
      • Migration and refugee assistance
      • POW/MIA location and repatriation
      • Nonproliferation
      • Anti-terrorism
  • Third country transfers
security assistance summary
Security Assistance Summary
  • Sales, leases, grants, & loans of defense articles & services (including training)
  • State Department supervised, DoD administered
  • Important element of U.S. foreign policy
security cooperation review
Security Cooperation Review
  • Department of Defense policy term
  • Covers all DoD and selected DoS international programs
  • Not a legal term, but each individual program has legal and policy controls
  • Security Assistance
    • DoD: Security assistance is an element of security cooperation funded/authorized by DoS to be administered by DoD/DSCA
    • DoS: Security assistance is an element of DoS foreign operations administered by DoD/DSCA
security cooperation programs1
Security Cooperation Programs

State

[22 U.S.C.]

Defense

[10 U.S.C.]

Combined

Exercises

DCS

FMS

FMFP

IMET

EDA

Leases

ESF

C/T C/N

Iraq/Afghan

NADR

HA/HDA

PKO

JCETs

INCLE

IACP