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Introduction to Security Cooperation Management

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  1. IntroductiontoSecurity Cooperation Management

  2. Security Cooperation All DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific U.S. security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide U.S. forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. -- Joint Pub 1-02

  3. Security Cooperation Programs • Encompass all Defense Department international activities • Variety of funding mechanisms • Variety of executing organizations • Each program may have unique policy guidance

  4. Selected DoD SecurityCooperation Programs • Combined Exercises • JCETs (Special Operations training) • Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) • Counternarcotics Assistance • Regional Centers • Equip and Train Iraq and Afghanistan • National Guard State Partnership Program • International Armaments Cooperation • Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreements • Building Partner Capacity (Section 1206, NDAA for FY 07) • Humanitarian Assistance and Demining Assistance • Etc.

  5. Major DoD S.C. Program Funding • DoD Train and Equip Afghanistan • FY06 - ($500M) plus $2.0B • FY07 - $1.5B plus $5.9B • FY08 - $1.35B plus $1.4B • FY09 - $2.0B plus $3.6B • DoD Train and Equip Iraq • FY06 - ($500M) plus $3.0B • FY07 - $1.7B plus $3.8B • FY08 - $1.5B plus $1.5B • FY09 - $1.0B • Combating Terrorist Fellowship Program (CTFP) • FY06 & FY07 - $20M • FY08 - $25M • FY09 - $35M

  6. Selected SC Programs (Cont) • Department of State directed but DoD administered security assistance: • Foreign Military Sales • Foreign Military Financing Program • International Military Education and Training • Leasing • DoD drawdowns • Excess defense articles

  7. Security Assistance • Economic & military assistance to allied and friendly governments • Foreign policy/national security objectives • Defense articles/services/training • Sales/leases & grants/loans

  8. State Department Security Assistance Responsibilities • General direction • Program determination • Program integration

  9. Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs DAS Plans, Programs, & OPS DAS Management & Negotiations DAS Defense Trade Controls & Regional Security Directorate Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) Regional Security and Arms Transfers (RSAT) DTC/L Licensing Divisions Regional Security DTC/C Compliance Arms Transfer DTC/P Policy Effective 1 Jan 08 State Department Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

  10. DoD Responsibilities • Program supervision • Requirements determination • Procurement of equipment/services • Movement and delivery of military end-items • Establishment of priorities

  11. Department of Defense Secretary of Defense –––––––––––––––––––––––– Deputy Secretary of Defense MILDEPs Joint Staff Under SECDEF (Acquisition, Technology, & Logistics) Under SECDEF (Policy) J-5 EUCOM PACOM Dir, International Cooperation DSCA SOUTHCOM CENTCOM NORTHCOM AFRICOM

  12. Defense Security Cooperation Agency • Direct, administer, and supervise DoD security assistance programs • Develop and promulgate DoD security assistance procedures • Administer the following DoD SC programs: • Humanitarian Assistance • Humanitarian Mine Action Program • Warsaw Initiative • Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program • Regional Centers for Security Studies DoDD 5105.65

  13. The Major SecurityAssistance Programs • Foreign Military Sales (FMS)* • Foreign Military Financing Program (FMFP)* • International Military Education and Training (IMET)* • Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) • Economic Support Fund (ESF) • Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) * DoD administered

  14. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Sales authorized by the AECAfrom DoD stock or through DoD procurement of defense articles and services (including training)

  15. U.S. FMS and FMS Construction Agreements/Deliveries 33 32 29.2 30 Agreements Deliveries 28 26 24 22 19.5 20 18.3 18 16.9 Dollars in billions 15.6 16 14 12.6 12.7 14 12.5 10.6 12.4 11.5 12.2 11.2 12 13.2 12.8 13.5 12.1 12.2 11.7 11 10 10.4 9.8 9.8 9.2 8 8.6 8.3 8.1 6 4 2 0 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 Fiscal Years Source: DSCA: Historical Facts Book, as of 30 September 2007

  16. Foreign Military Financing Program (FMFP) Furnishes FMS financial grants or loans authorized by the AECA to enable eligible foreign governments to purchase U.S. defense articles and services (including training)

  17. FY 2009 FMFP Allocations($ in millions) $2,550.000 1,300.000 335.000 124.155 $4,309.155 94.700 304.370 $399.070 Israel Egypt Jordan Other Near East Sub-Total Europe/Eurasia South/Central Asia Sub-Total West Hemisphere Africa E. Asia and Pacific Sub-Total FMFP Admin Total Alloc. $119.300 8.255 50.300 $177.855 51.420 $4,937.500 Does not include $1,294M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09 FY2010 proposal -- $5,274.390M

  18. International Military Education and Training (IMET) Military training authorized by the FAA on a grant basis to foreign military and related civilian personnel for training both in the U.S. and in overseas facilities

  19. FY 2003-2009 IMET Programs($ in millions) FY 03 $70.00 126 10,736 FY 04 $91.16 104 11,832 FY 05 $89.01 102 7,981 FY 06 $ 85.88 107 7,998 FY 07 $ 85.88 127 8,622 FY 08 $85.18 140 7,998 FY 09 $91.00 138 na Funding Levels No. Of Countries No. Of Students Does not include $2M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09 FY2010 proposal -- $110.283M

  20. Direct Commercial Sales(DCS) Commercial export sales authorized by the AECAto be licensed by State Department

  21. Economic Support Fund(ESF) • Flexible economic grant assistance authorized by the FAA to countries selected for their special political and security interests to the U.S. • Managed by USAID • Possible ESF programs include • Balance of payments support • Commodity import support • Development and capital projects • Technical assistance • General budget support

  22. FY 2009 ESF Allocations($ in millions) Program Egypt Jordan West Bank/Gaza Lebanon M.E. Part. Init. Other N.E. Total N.E. Europe/Eurasia Africa Does not include $2,974M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09 FY2010 proposal -- $6,504.096M . Allocation $200.000 363.547 225.000 67.500 50.000 155.067 $1,061.114 $38.500 $514.910 Program Afghanistan Pakistan Other S/C Asia Total South/Central Asia Western Hemisphere East Asia/Pacific Other Global Total ESF Allocation Allocation $1,187.000 575.000 76.801 $1,838.801 $396.350 $163.900 $129.725 $4,143.300

  23. Voluntary Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) Assistance authorized by the FAA to friendly countries and international organizations for peacekeeping programs which further U.S. national security interests

  24. FY 2009 Voluntary Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) ($ in millions) Dem. Rep. of Congo Trans-Sahara C/T Partnership Sudan Somalia Africa Regional Liberia Multinational Force & Observers (MFO-Sinai) Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI) Total Allocation Does not include $185M appropriated by P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09 FY2010 proposal – 296.400M $25.500 15.000 38.000 78.600 7.500 49.650 25.000 105.950 $345.200

  25. FYs 2008-2010 S.A. Funding FY 09 $4,937M 91M 4,143M 345M $9,516M FY 10 $5,274M 110M 6,504M 296M $12,184M FY 08 $4,719M 85M 5,362M 261M $10,427M FMFP IMET ESF PKO Total Does not include $4,455M in S.A. funding from the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009, P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09

  26. SAA, 2009, P.L.111-32, 24 Jun 09 FMFP $1,294M to include: $260M for the Mexican Navy 69M for Lebanon 150M for Jordan (not avail until FY10) 260M for Egypt (not avail until FY10) 555M for Israel (not avail until FY10) IMET $2M for Iraq ESF $2,974M to include: $861M for Afghanistan 539M for Pakistan 439M for Iraq 551M for West Bank/Gaza 584M for other countries/programs PKO $185M to include: $15M for Dem. Rep. of Congo 2M for the MFO (Sinai) 168M for Somalia

  27. Other SA Programs • Leases of defense articles and services • Excess defense articles sales/grants • Emergency drawdown authorities • Military emergencies • Other emergencies to include: • Counternarcotics • Disaster relief • Migration and refugee assistance • POW/MIA location and repatriation • Nonproliferation • Anti-terrorism • Third country transfers

  28. Security Assistance Summary • Sales, leases, grants, & loans of defense articles & services (including training) • State Department supervised, DoD administered • Important element of U.S. foreign policy

  29. Security Cooperation Review • Department of Defense policy term • Covers all DoD and selected DoS international programs • Not a legal term, but each individual program has legal and policy controls • Security Assistance • DoD: Security assistance is an element of security cooperation funded/authorized by DoS to be administered by DoD/DSCA • DoS: Security assistance is an element of DoS foreign operations administered by DoD/DSCA

  30. Security Cooperation Programs State [22 U.S.C.] Defense [10 U.S.C.] Combined Exercises DCS FMS FMFP IMET EDA Leases ESF C/T C/N Iraq/Afghan NADR HA/HDA PKO JCETs INCLE IACP