Web 2.0 and education Dr Ken Price Best friends or worst enemies?
"The reasonable man adapts himself to the conditions that surround him... The unreasonable man adapts surrounding conditions to himself... All progress depends on the unreasonable man." George Bernard Shaw
What does Web 2.0 mean for education? How students and teachers are using Web 2.0 tools, and some cautionary tales…
improved!!! new!!! The hype…
Students are using Web 2.0 now • Blogs,e.g. Blogspot, Blogger, Mo’time, • Social network software, e.g. Myspace, Facebook, • Tagged photo stores, e.g. Flickr • Del.icio.us • Wikis,e.g. Wikipedia • Communication networks, e.g. Skype • News and audio services, e.g. podcasts and hosted video
Disruptive technology Web 2.0 is inherently a disruptive technology… this has two faces.
Disruptive technology • Disruption is Essential to innovation
Disruptive technology • Disruption is Evil for some (many?) school leaders, school systems and maybe some teachers
Pageflakes www.pageflakes.com/ • A sort of customisable dashboard that can draw data from a wide range of other Web2.0 applications • My pageflakes page
Web 2.0 and pedagogy “I'm not surprised to read …that most of the activities involving broadband are teacher-led (or what I call the Dick Turpin style of teaching - stand and deliver) because we're not encouraging this symmetry, with pupils creating content and using broadband to share it with others. There needs to be this peer-to-peer type of learning and this why broadband hasn't yet delivered the properly personalised curriculum. Sadly, today, broadband is about delivery and not about what it truly should be: participation.” (Stephen Heppell, 2006)
Metaphors • Web 1.0 – web as digital library, largely a source of information for students. Strive for content to be authoritative. • Web 2.0 – web as place for students to build knowledge, interact, share ideas/ Resulting content treated accordingly.
Web 2.0 uptake - initially • Web 2.0 tools are often used as Web 1.0 tools initially eg blogs and podcasts initially just used as a way of disseminating class tasks and notes, del.icio.us collections used only to convey websites, Wikipedia just as a “reference” tool • Having student content, feedback and interaction sometimes challenges education
Web 2.0 and constructivism • If we accept that knowledge creation is at least a significant part of pedagogy, we need tools that support this • Web 2.0 tools meet this need
Rate My Teachers… au.ratemyteachers.com/ • What would your school/system do if faced with this?
Rate My Teachers… • Now has teacher response feature!!
Delicioushttp://del.icio.us/ • At its simplest - just a social bookmarks organiser • Nice way for students to maintain/share reference and personal collections of online material, or teachers to present these • Portable, device-independent • Based on user-determined tagging (folksonomy rather than formal taxonomy)
Why use del.icio.us? • Save site found using multiple computers (home and school) to one place. • Access your bookmarks anywhere you have web access. • Continue to access your bookmarks even when your computer crashes or you get a new computer. • Shareweb sites with your students or peers. • Search your bookmarks by keywords and tags. • Use related tags to narrow or extend your searches. • Display your saved web site links by category. • Learn about new sites from your other del.icio.us users. • Subscribe to other users’ del.icio.us bookmarks. • Check out recently posted and popular sites. http://personal.strath.ac.uk/d.d.muir/Delicious1_2.pdf
Impact of Web 2.0 on education systems • There seems to be a pattern of how schools and systems respond to disruptive technology • Evident since HotMaiL (maybe before?) • 5 stages
System responses to disruptive technology Some online tool becomes available freely
System responses to disruptive technology Studentsuse it at home and school
System responses to disruptive technology Some educators may (validly or otherwise) see this tool as a threat. They respond by restricting, renouncing or simply banning it.
System responses to disruptive technology Tool becomes widespread in wider community (Gladwell’s Tipping Point reached?). Student use or expectation reaches critical mass, education sees its potential and the need to provide it securely
System responses to disruptive technology Education responds with a secure and manageable replacement And everyone breathes a sigh of relief….
System responses to disruptive technology • Where is your school/institution in relation to these 5 steps?
Google Earthhttp://earth.google.com/ • As it stands, it’s really Web 1.0 • With student-generated and shared data, it’s an almost Web 2.0 application. • Mashups of Google Earth or Maps with other data can produce neat educational products
Google Literature Trips, timelines, etc www.googlelittrips.com/ - track the journey described in a book or story, and annotate the places on the way. • London timeline (kmz file) animation of London skyline over time
Youtube and Teachertube • www.youtube.com • www.teachertube.com Example of YouTube in classroom www.thecorner.org/hist/video/v_ww2.htm
Youtube – classroom video • How would your school respond to this? <<link to teacher rage video>>
Youtube – the other side of secret video Secret filming teacher defended Mrs Mason denies professional misconduct and failing to promote the education and welfare of students. It would be a "travesty of justice" to discipline a supply teacher who secretly filmed her pupils for a documentary, a tribunal has heard. Channel Five's controller Chris Shaw told a General Teaching Council hearing that Angela Mason had contributed to an important public debate. Mrs Mason, of north London, is accused of professional misconduct for filming staff and students without consent. She denies misconduct, saying she wanted to expose "classroom chaos". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/6593605.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/6589707.stm
ThinkFree www.thinkfree.com/ • Almost a complete office suite (like Microsoft Office), complete with storage and the ability to share (Seems blocked in DoE) • Very simple and effective writing and numeric tools, compatible with common tools Google docs and spreadsheetsdocs.google.com
Why use ThinkFree or Google Docs? • Available at home, school, anywhere (both program and data) • Legal, no license costs • Kids can share and collaborate on work • Compatible with common software when necessary
Flickrhttp://www.flickr.com/ • Simple photo-storing and sharing site • Tagging by users • As always educators find unexpected ways to use it • 16 ways to use Flickr in your library
Flickr as a tool for annotating images for critical analysis or instruction Art • www.flickr.com/photos/ha112/414146234/ Recipes - • www.flickr.com/photos/ldandersen/2573806/
Mind and concept mapping tools www.mindomo.com http://bubbl.us/ • Online mindmapping-brainstorming tools, with inbuilt storage
NoteMesh http://notemesh.com/ • Collaborative note taking and building of student knowledge from class/lecture model. • (associates your email address to your school/college/TAFE/university)
Gliffy http://www.gliffy.com/ Online diagramming tool (similar to Visio but more elementary)
JumpCut http://www.jumpcut.com/ • Edit and store videos online • Obvious issues of content, duty of care, exposure of education system or school to unwanted publicity
Curriki www.curriki.org Free online curriculum, built in a wiki-style model. Can be used as a resource, or as a place to collaboratively build curriculum