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Web 2.0 and education Dr Ken Price Best friends or worst enemies? "The reasonable man adapts himself to the conditions that surround him... The unreasonable man adapts surrounding conditions to himself... All progress depends on the unreasonable man." George Bernard Shaw

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web 2 0 and education
Web 2.0 and education

Dr Ken Price

Best friends or worst enemies?

"The reasonable man adapts himself to the conditions that surround him... The unreasonable man adapts surrounding conditions to himself... All progress depends on the unreasonable man."

George Bernard Shaw

what does web 2 0 mean for education
What does Web 2.0 mean for education?

How students and teachers are using Web 2.0 tools, and some cautionary tales…




The hype…

web 2 0 characteristics
Web 2.0 characteristics
  • Web is the platform
  • The read-write web (as distinct from the read-only web)
  • Data comes from users, often many users
  • Data stored somewhere outside of your direct control
  • Sometimes data combined from multiple sources – XML data assists this
  • Authentication taken care of by site (and often transferable eg Google, Gmail, etc)
  • Often AJAX-based (Asynchronous Javascript and XML..ability to process in browser without perceptible lag).
students are using web 2 0 now
Students are using Web 2.0 now
  • Blogs,e.g. Blogspot, Blogger, Mo’time,
  • Social network software, e.g. Myspace, Facebook,
  • Tagged photo stores, e.g. Flickr
  • Del.icio.us
  • Wikis,e.g. Wikipedia
  • Communication networks, e.g. Skype
  • News and audio services, e.g. podcasts and hosted video
disruptive technology
Disruptive technology

Web 2.0 is inherently a disruptive technology… this has two faces.

disruptive technology9
Disruptive technology
  • Disruption is Essential to innovation
disruptive technology10
Disruptive technology
  • Disruption is Evil for some (many?) school leaders, school systems and maybe some teachers


  • A sort of customisable dashboard that can draw data from a wide range of other Web2.0 applications
  • My pageflakes page
web 2 0 and pedagogy
Web 2.0 and pedagogy

“I'm not surprised to read …that most of the activities involving broadband are teacher-led (or what I call the Dick Turpin style of teaching - stand and deliver) because we're not encouraging this symmetry, with pupils creating content and using broadband to share it with others.

There needs to be this peer-to-peer type of learning and this why broadband hasn't yet delivered the properly personalised curriculum. Sadly, today, broadband is about delivery and not about what it truly should be: participation.”

(Stephen Heppell, 2006)

  • Web 1.0 – web as digital library, largely a source of information for students. Strive for content to be authoritative.
  • Web 2.0 – web as place for students to build knowledge, interact, share ideas/ Resulting content treated accordingly.
web 2 0 uptake initially
Web 2.0 uptake - initially
  • Web 2.0 tools are often used as Web 1.0 tools initially

eg blogs and podcasts initially just used as a way of disseminating class tasks and notes, del.icio.us collections used only to convey websites, Wikipedia just as a “reference” tool

  • Having student content, feedback and interaction sometimes challenges education
web 2 0 and constructivism
Web 2.0 and constructivism
  • If we accept that knowledge creation is at least a significant part of pedagogy, we need tools that support this
  • Web 2.0 tools meet this need
rate my teachers
Rate My Teachers…


  • What would your school/system do if faced with this?
rate my teachers19
Rate My Teachers…
  • Now has teacher response feature!!
delicious http del icio us
  • At its simplest - just a social bookmarks organiser
  • Nice way for students to maintain/share reference and personal collections of online material, or teachers to present these
  • Portable, device-independent
  • Based on user-determined tagging (folksonomy rather than formal taxonomy)
why use del icio us
Why use del.icio.us?
  • Save site found using multiple computers (home and school) to one place.
  • Access your bookmarks anywhere you have web access.
  • Continue to access your bookmarks even when your computer crashes or you get a new computer.
  • Shareweb sites with your students or peers.
  • Search your bookmarks by keywords and tags.
  • Use related tags to narrow or extend your searches.
  • Display your saved web site links by category.
  • Learn about new sites from your other del.icio.us users.
  • Subscribe to other users’ del.icio.us bookmarks.
  • Check out recently posted and popular sites.


impact of web 2 0 on education systems
Impact of Web 2.0 on education systems
  • There seems to be a pattern of how schools and systems respond to disruptive technology
  • Evident since HotMaiL (maybe before?)
  • 5 stages
system responses to disruptive technology
System responses to disruptive technology

Some online tool becomes available freely

system responses to disruptive technology25
System responses to disruptive technology

Studentsuse it at home and school

system responses to disruptive technology26
System responses to disruptive technology

Some educators may (validly or otherwise) see this tool as a threat. They respond by restricting, renouncing or simply banning it.

system responses to disruptive technology27
System responses to disruptive technology

Tool becomes widespread in wider community (Gladwell’s Tipping Point reached?). Student use or expectation reaches critical mass, education sees its potential and the need to provide it securely

system responses to disruptive technology28
System responses to disruptive technology

Education responds with a secure and manageable replacement

And everyone breathes a sigh of relief….

system responses to disruptive technology29
System responses to disruptive technology
  • Where is your school/institution in relation to these 5 steps?
google earth http earth google com
Google Earthhttp://earth.google.com/
  • As it stands, it’s really Web 1.0
  • With student-generated and shared data, it’s an almost Web 2.0 application.
  • Mashups of Google Earth or Maps with other data can produce neat educational products
google literature trips timelines etc
Google Literature Trips, timelines, etc

www.googlelittrips.com/ - track the journey described in a book or story, and annotate the places on the way.

  • London timeline (kmz file) animation of London skyline over time
youtube and teachertube
Youtube and Teachertube
  • www.youtube.com
  • www.teachertube.com

Example of YouTube in classroom


youtube classroom video
Youtube – classroom video
  • How would your school respond to this?

<<link to teacher rage video>>

youtube the other side of secret video
Youtube – the other side of secret video

Secret filming teacher defended

Mrs Mason denies professional misconduct and failing to promote the education and welfare of students.

It would be a "travesty of justice" to discipline a supply teacher who secretly filmed her pupils for a documentary, a tribunal has heard.

Channel Five's controller Chris Shaw told a General Teaching Council hearing that Angela Mason had contributed to an important public debate.

Mrs Mason, of north London, is accused of professional misconduct for filming staff and students without consent.

She denies misconduct, saying she wanted to expose "classroom chaos".



thinkfree www thinkfree com
ThinkFree www.thinkfree.com/
  • Almost a complete office suite (like Microsoft Office), complete with storage and the ability to share (Seems blocked in DoE)
  • Very simple and effective writing and numeric tools, compatible with common tools

Google docs and spreadsheetsdocs.google.com

why use thinkfree or google docs
Why use ThinkFree or Google Docs?
  • Available at home, school, anywhere (both program and data)
  • Legal, no license costs
  • Kids can share and collaborate on work
  • Compatible with common software when necessary
flickr http www flickr com
  • Simple photo-storing and sharing site
  • Tagging by users
  • As always educators find unexpected ways to use it
  • 16 ways to use Flickr in your library
flickr as a tool for annotating images for critical analysis or instruction
Flickr as a tool for annotating images for critical analysis or instruction


  • www.flickr.com/photos/ha112/414146234/

Recipes -

  • www.flickr.com/photos/ldandersen/2573806/
mind and concept mapping tools
Mind and concept mapping tools



  • Online mindmapping-brainstorming tools, with inbuilt storage


  • Collaborative note taking and building of student knowledge from class/lecture model.
  • (associates your email address to your school/college/TAFE/university)


Online diagramming tool (similar to Visio but more elementary)



  • Edit and store videos online
  • Obvious issues of content, duty of care, exposure of education system or school to unwanted publicity


Free online curriculum, built in a wiki-style model.

Can be used as a resource, or as a place to collaboratively build curriculum

edu 2 0
Edu 2.0


  • Provides shared curriculum/courses, and allows people to teach them or learn from them
  • Courses can be public or private
ok so what is left
OK so what is left?
  • There are tools to provide desktop productivity software, email, online storage, mindmapping, diagramming, image management, GIS-geospatial tools, video, audio, etc etc
  • What if education and training just made use of these instead of trying to provide it?
what if all this was available for free
What if all this was available for free?
  • Email, 2 GB of storage per student, mail search tools and integrated chat.
  • Access your inbox, calendar, docs and campus info, plus search the web from one place.
  • Manage your domain and user accounts online.
  • Free text and voice calling around the world.
  • Docs & Spreadsheets: create, share and collaborate on documents in real-time
  • Coordinate meetings and school events with sharable calendars.
  • Easily create and publish web pages.
  • All with a single username and password

And for a small fee, if you want it…

  • Integrate with your existing IT systems or 3rd party solutions.
  • 24/7 assistance, including phone support.
there are risks
There are risks…
  • Where is your data?
  • Who else can get to it?
  • Does the application encourage inappropriate use?
  • What happens if the service provider has technical problems, goes out of business?
  • Usernames and passwords – how to manage them all?
  • Security risk if you use same username/pwd as on your own systems? Need for different levels of password
  • Data volume and bandwidth requirements?
the future
The future…
  • Let’s hope that early-adopter educators continue to innovate with new technologies, and schools and systems make use of their findings to benefit all learners.
  • Now to find out more about Edna Web 2.0 tools…
what would you do
What would YOU do?
  • a student uses RateMyTeachers.com and claims that a teacher is involved in an inappropriate relationship with one of her students?
what would you do60
What would YOU do?
  • some students use a photosharing site to share photos of last weekend’s drinking party. Some of the photos involve nudity
what would you do61
What would YOU do?
  • a teacher uses a free public blog site to develop and deliver all their year’s work. The blog site closes without notice 6 months later as the company collapses.

The teacher has no copy of their materials because “it’s all stored on that network thing isn’t it??”

what would you do62
What would YOU do?
  • Your students decide to repeatedly edit the Wikipedia pages for your city, to “improve” them. The Wikipedia administrators block the IP range for your school system so nobody in your school/system can edit.
what would you do63
What would YOU do?
  • Some kids hate the different software versions, settings and applications on school and home computers.

They decide instead to do all their work using ThinkFree, a totally online application and data storage tool.