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The Nature of Science. Earth Science 1.1 Methods of Science 1.2 Communicating in Science 1.3. Chap. 1. Objectives. Earth Science – 1.1. differentiate among four major branches of E.S. Contrast four systems of Earth Discuss how Earth science affects your daily life. What is science?.

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the nature of science

The Nature of Science

Earth Science 1.1

Methods of Science 1.2

Communicating in Science 1.3

Chap. 1

earth science 1 1
Objectives

Earth Science – 1.1

  • differentiate among four major branches of E.S.
  • Contrast four systems of Earth
  • Discuss how Earth science affects your daily life.
what is science4
What is science?
  • Acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation and experimentation
biology
Biology
  • Study of living organisms
zoology7
Zoology
  • Study of animals
hydrology9
Hydrology
  • Study of water
vulcanology11
Vulcanology
  • Study of volcanoes
geology13
Geology
  • Study of Earth and its composition
archeology15
Archeology
  • Study of old things
ichthiology17
Ichthiology
  • Study of fish
hippology19
Hippology
  • Study of horses
conchology21
Conchology
  • Study of shells
speleology23
Speleology
  • Study of caves
slide25
Major Sciences of ES
  • Astronomy

Cartwheel galaxy

www.nasa.gov

Study of objects beyond our Earth’s atmosphere

slide26
Major Sciences of ES
  • Astronomy
  • Meteorology

The study of air the

surrounds Earth (and it’s affect on weather)

www.noaa.gov

slide27
Major Sciences of ES
  • Astronomy
  • Meteorology
  • Geology

Study of materials that make of the Earth

slide28
Major Sciences of ES
  • Astronomy
  • Meteorology
  • Geology
  • Oceanography

Study of the Earth’s oceans

slide30
Main Earth Systems
  • Lithosphere

Rigid outer shell of the planet: includes crust and mantle

slide31
Main Earth Systems
  • Lithosphere
  • Hydrosphere

The water portion

slide32
Main Earth Systems
  • Lithosphere
  • Hydrosphere
  • Atmosphere

The layer of gases that surround the planet

slide33
Main Earth Systems
  • Lithosphere
  • Hydrosphere
  • Atmosphere
  • Biosphere

The part of Earth that includes life.

slide34
Science and Technology

We often develop new things as a result of scientific discovery

methods of scientists 1 2
Objectives

Methods of Scientists – 1.2

  • List steps used in scientific method
  • Compare experimental variables and controls
  • Identify basic SI units
  • Explain how to write numbers in scientific notation
slide37
Scientific Method

Organized approach to solving problems

slide38
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
slide39
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Do background research
slide40
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Do background research
  • Make hypothesis

An educated, testable guess for an observation

slide41
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Control
  • Variable

Study of the Earth’s oceans

slide42
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
slide43
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Control

The experiment by which the other is compared

slide44
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Control
  • Variable

The factor that is changed

slide45
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Control
  • Variable
  • Independent variable

Variable altered by experimenter

slide46
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Control
  • Variable
  • Independent variable
  • Dependent variable

Variable that changes as a result of the indep. variable

slide47
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Organize/Analyze results
slide48
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Organize/Analyze results
  • Make a table
slide49
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Organize/Analyze results
  • Make a table
  • Make a graph
slide50
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Organize/Analyze results
  • Make a table
  • Make a graph
  • Look for trends
slide51
Scientific Method
  • Question or Problem
  • Test (experiment)
  • Organize/Analyze results
  • Draw conclusions

This may lead to new questions

communicating in science 1 3
Objectives

Communicating in Science – 1.3

  • List several ways in which scientific info is communicated
  • Differentiate between scientific theory and scientific law
slide55
Communication
  • Lab reports
slide56
Communication
  • Lab reports
  • Graphs
slide57
Communication
  • Lab reports
  • Graphs
  • Models
slide58
Communication
  • Theories and Laws
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