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Mechatronics: Education, Research & Development Prepared by: Dr. rer . nat. Ashraf Aboshosha Event: http://www.icgst.com/con11/aiml11/index.html EAEA, NCRRT, Engineering Dept. www.icgst.com, www.icgst-amc.com email@example.com Tel.: 0020-12-1804952 Fax.: 0020-2-24115475 Mechatronics
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Education, Research & Development
Prepared by: Dr. rer. nat. AshrafAboshosha
EAEA, NCRRT, Engineering Dept.
Mechatronics basically refers to mechanical electrical systems and is centred on mechanics, electronics, computing and control which, combined, make possible the generation of simpler, more economical, reliable and versatile systems.
The term "mechatronics" was first assigned by Mr. Tetsuro Mori, a senior engineer of the Japanese company Yaskawa, in 1969.
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A combination of hardware and software which together form a component of a Mechatronics systems. An embedded system is designed to run on its own without human intervention, and may be required to respond to events in real time.
Hardware is the name given to the physical devices and circuitry of the computer.
Software refers to the programs written for the computer.
Firmware is the term given to programs stored in ROMs or in Programmable devices which permanently keep their stored information.
Introduction to Robotics: History, Asimov’s laws, Different types of robot platforms (humanoid, Car-like, holonomic & non-holonomic, miniature, manipulators, animators, indoor, outdoor, space robots, medical robots, under water robots, locomotion, areal robots, educational robots, legged robots, mobile robots, robot simulators etc.)
Path Planning: objectives and methods (Voronoi, Bug, potential field, visibility, reactive, road map).
Environment modeling:the general meaning and the applied techniques (occupancy grid, topological graphs, integrated, 3D modelling).
Distributed sensors:IR, laser, sonar, E-nose, vision, artificial skin, artificial ear etc.
Robot kinematics and inverse kinematics
Sensors Integration: advantages, weaknesses and methods (Bayes network, Kalman filter, fuzzy logic, particle filter).
Robot actuators:Hydraulic, pneumatic and electric drives (DC, Ac, servo, and stepper motors)
Self localization:Introduction and techniques (SLAM, Markov, Bayes network, expectation maximizing, maximum likelihood).
Big Dog Robot
Robot educational kits
NXT Intelligent Brick
LEGO MINDSTORMS NXT
USB (Universal Serial Bus) is a new external bus developed by Intel, Compaq, DEC, IBM, Microsoft, NEC and Northern Telcom and released to the public in 1996 with the Intel 430HX Triton II Mother Board. USB has the capability of transferring 12 Mbps, supporting up to 127 devices and only utilizing one IRQ. For PC computers to take advantage of USB the user must be running Windows 95 OSR2, Windows 98 or Windows 2000. Linux users also have the capability of running USB with the proper support drivers installed.
USB cables are hot swappable which allows users to connect and disconnect the cable while the computer is on without any physical damage to the cable.
USB Type A & B
USB 1.0 - The original release of USB supports 127 devices transferring 12 Mbps.
USB 1.1 - Also known as full-speed USB, USB 1.1 is similar to the original release of USB however minor modifications for the hardware and the specifications. This version of USB still only supports a rate of 12 Mbps.
USB 2.0 - USB 2.0 also known as hi-speed USB was developed by Compaq, Hewlett Packard, Intel, Lucent, Microsoft, NEC and Philips and was introduced in 2001. Hi-speed USB is capable of supporting a transfer rate of up to 480 Mbps and is backwards compatible meaning it is capable of supporting USB 1.0 and 1.1 devices and cables.
Linear Configuration Star Configuration
Controller–area network (CAN or CAN-bus) is a vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other within a vehicle without a host computer. The CAN Bus is an automotive bus developed by Robert Bosch, which has quickly gained acceptance into the automotive and aerospace industries. CAN is a serial bus protocol to connect individual systems and sensors as an alternative to conventional multi-wire looms. It allows automotive components to communicate on a single or dual-wire networked data bus up to 1Mbps.
In 2006, over 70% of all automobiles sold in North America will utilize CAN Bus technology. Beginning in 2008, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) requires 100% of the vehicles sold in the USA to use the CAN Bus communication protocol while the European Union has similar laws. Several new after market devices have been introduced into the market that utilize the CAN Bus protocol but until now, there have been no new devices that assist the aging after market remote starter and alarm system technology. Now there is an after market module that offers remote starter and alarm connectivity to the CAN Bus communication protocol.