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SPED 537 ECSE Methods:Multiple Disabilities Deborah Chen, Ph.D. California State University,Northridge April 17-18, 2006 Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) Difficulty in interpreting, storing and accessing auditory information in presence of normal hearing Common in children with:

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sped 537 ecse methods multiple disabilities

SPED 537 ECSE Methods:Multiple Disabilities

Deborah Chen, Ph.D.

California State University,Northridge

April 17-18, 2006

auditory processing disorder apd
Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)
  • Difficulty in interpreting, storing and accessing auditory information in presence of normal hearing
  • Common in children with:

autism spectrum disorders, ADHD,

learning disabilities, dyslexia,

range of speech and language disorders

central auditory processing disorder capd
Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)
  • Associated with neurological problems
  • Viral infections
  • Hypoxia
  • Trauma
  • Degenerative disorders
  • Often co-exists with other disabilities
implications
Implications
  • Difficulty recognizing speech sounds
  • Difficulty matching sounds to letters
  • Comprehension problems
  • Academic difficulties
interventions
Interventions
  • Auditory training and phonological awareness
  • FM systems
  • Classroom modifications
  • Clear spoken input
  • Preferential seating
  • Visual aids
auditory neuropathy
Auditory Neuropathy
  • Problem in transmission of sound from inner ear
    • Damage to inner hair cells
    • Faulty connections between inner hair cells and auditory nerve
    • Damage to auditory nerve
  • May have normal hearing or hearing loss
auditory skills
Auditory Skills
  • Attention
  • Localization
  • Discrimination
  • Figure/ground
  • Memory
  • Sequencing
  • Closure
amplification
Amplification
  • Hearing aids

- bone conduction

- over the ear or behind the ear

- in the ear

- body aids

  • FM devices
  • Cochlear implants
care of hearing aids
Care of Hearing Aids
  • Information from the audiologist
  • Daily check
  • Keep hearing aids dry and safe from damage
daily hearing aid check
Daily Hearing Aid Check
  • Clean earmold
  • Check batteries
  • Turn hearing aid to “M”
  • Set volume to low
  • Attach hearing aid stethoscope
  • Hold aid about 12” from mouth
  • Say “ah”, “oo”, “ee”, “sh”,”mm”, “ss”
introducing hearing aids
Introducing Hearing Aids
  • Earmolds should fit well
  • Over the ear aids should be secure
  • Begin during enjoyable activities that involve vocal play and speech
  • Monitor environmental noise
  • Remove aids before child tires of them
  • Increase “listening time”
key criteria for cochlear implant candidates
Key Criteria for Cochlear Implant Candidates
  • Severe to profound sensorineural loss
  • Little or no benefit from hearing aids
  • No medical contraindications
  • Appropriate outcome expectations and motivation
  • Placed in strong auditory/oral program
planning the functional hearing assignment
Planning the Functional Hearing Assignment
  • Break up into small groups of according to the age of target child
  • Discuss:
    • Questions
    • Observations during typical activities
    • Eliciting situations
  • Select one person to post key points in the discussions on WebCT- please identify the child’s age and abilities
ad