CHALLENGES TO EFFECTIVESPECTRUM MANAGEMENT CGSIC – 43rd MEETING MARCH 10, 2004 s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s Gregory A. Wheeler DOT Office of Navigation and Spectrum Policy
Spectrum – A Global Finite Resource Management is an International Process ITU – International Telecommunication Union INTERNATIONAL IN SCOPE
U. S. SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT A Dual System of Control Established by the Communications Act of 1934 as amended
PRIVATE SECTOR, STATE, LOCAL • The FCC Licenses and Regulates • Uses the Federal Register for Notification • FCC Issues Notice of Inquiry (NOI), Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM), Report and Order (RNO) • Above Actions Include Reallocation of Spectrum, Changes in Authorized Power Levels, Spectrum Sharing • Actions Can Impact Existing Services • Established Timeframes for Responses May Be Too Short for Proper Evaluation
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Regulated by The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) • Gathers Input From Federal Departments and Agencies Through IRAC Representation • Conducts Technical Reviews, Establish Test Beds, Perform Analysis, Publish Findings • Formulates the Federal Response • One Voice Representing Federal Departments and Agencies
I R A C STRUCTURE 21 Federal Departments and Agencies OST IS NOW AT THE TABLE
CRITICAL DOT SERVICES • GPS Radionavigation • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) • Maritime Administration (MARAD) • Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (SLSDC) • Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) • Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
CURRENT DOT CHALLENGES • Protect radionavigation spectrum from encroachment and Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) • Efficiently manage and utilize spectrum currently in use and ensure spectrum is available for future developments • Effectively represent DOT national spectrum interests and requirements • Investigate the potential impacts that FCC rulemaking on UWB, BPL, PEDs, etc. could have on the DOT’s mission
SPECTRUM PRESSURE Wireless Technology Growing in Leaps and Bounds Aimed at integrating voice, data, video and internet use between home, office, mobile, and airborne devices IN THE NEWS Development of Wireless Specifications Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN) Wireless Internet (WiFi) Personal Electronic Devices (PED) Third Generation Broadband (3G) Ultra Wide Band (UWB) Broadband Over Power Lines (BPL)
DOT SPECTRUM ISSUES • DOT’s spectrum requirements are based on global standards and protocols • The trend towards spectrum sharing and “overlays” • The aggregate effect of numerous UWB devices • Unintended harmful interference
DOT POLICY GOALS FOR 2004 AND BEYOND • Fully support the spectrum requirements of all DOT modes in the execution of their missions. • Strengthen support for the protection of spectrum used for providing transportation services to the traveling public. • Improve the level of transportation services by supporting new and innovative technologies which add value to the national transportation infrastructure.
CONCLUSIONS • Spectrum decisions made now will impact global security, public safety, and the marketplace for decades to come. • The DOT spectrum policy focus is on the compatibility and interoperability of existing and future systems and services. • The DOT is strengthening its commitment to public safety by proactively expanding its participation in the spectrum arena, providing representation at the IRAC.
POINT OF CONTACT INFO Gregory A. Wheeler, Spectrum Policy Analyst U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary Navigation & Spectrum Policy, Nassif Bldg., Rm. 10223E 400 Seventh Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20590 Wk: (202) 366-4894 Fx: (202) 366-3393 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.dot.gov