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Amelanchier laevis “Allegheny serviceberry or shadbush” SIZE: Large shrub or small tree HABIT: Upright with rounded crown FOL: Pink-bronze in spring; medium green in summer; apricot-red in fall BARK: Grayish in color, streaked with dark longitudinal stripes

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amelanchier laevis allegheny serviceberry or shadbush
Amelanchier laevis“Allegheny serviceberry or shadbush”

SIZE: Large shrub or small tree

HABIT: Upright with rounded

crown

slide4
FL. & FR.: White in pendulous, 2-4” racemes in April as leaves emerge; Fruit = 1/3” red-purple-black pome in June
slide5
CULTURE: Transplant B & B; prefers MWDS, sl. acidic; full sun or partial shade; NOT pollution tolerant

PESTS: Rust; powdery mildew; leaf spot

USE: Naturalizing (good against an evergreen backdrop); attracts wildlife

MISC.: Fruit can be made into pies, jelly, etc. Birds love the fruit! Silvery bark is nice in winter.

slide7
Crataegus phaenopyrum“Washington hawthorn”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Upright, pyramidal-oval

slide10
FL. & FR.: 1/2” white flowers, sl. scented, in terminal and axillary 2” corymbs in June; Fruit = bright, glossy, 1/3” red drupe in October (persist thru winter)
slide11
CULTURE: Tolerates most soils; pH tolerant; full sun; tolerates urban dirt; does NOT tolerate wet sites

PESTS: Rusts and leaf spots

USE: Specimen, screen, foundation, hedge

slide13
Malus sp.“crabapples, apples”

SIZE: Small tree; cultivar dependent

HABIT: Typically upright, mounded

slide16
FL. & FR.: Depends on cultivar!! Single and doubles; Fruit = pomes (1/2” - 5”), red -yellow-orange in September (persist into winter)
slide17
CULTURE: Prefer MWDS, acidic; full sun (does not tolerate shade!!); pruning is recommended to provide adequate air circulation

PESTS: Many... powdery mildew, aphids, fireblight, cedar-apple rust, etc... (not as serious in the North)

slide18
USE: Specimen, groupings, attract wildlifeMISC.: Makes excellent jam, jelly, pies or eaten raw. Fruit can be messy!
slide19
Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’“Kwanzan cherry”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Upright, often vase-shaped

slide23
CULTURE: Prefers MWDS; short-lived tree

PESTS: Canker, virus, borers

USE: Specimen, street tree

MISC.: Often grafted on P. avium. Live about 20 years. Spectacular in flower! Great bark. Hardiest of the double-flowered cherries. Marginal in Burlington, VT

slide28
CULTURE: Prefers MWDS; fast grower!

PESTS: Canker, virus, borers

USE: Specimen

MISC.: Often grafted on P. avium. One of the longest-lived cherries! Graceful in flower. Great bark. Marginal in Burlington, VT

slide32
CULTURE: Prefers MWDS but tolerates most soils; full sun

PESTS: None serious

USE: Specimen, street tree

MISC.: This is an up-and-coming plant in the nursery trade. Great seasonal characteristics! Fruit is edible and made into pies, jams, jellies, sauces and wine!

slide33
Sorbus aucuparia“European mountainash”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Pyramidal to upright

ovate shape

fl fr white 1 3 malodorous in 3 5 flat topped corymbs in may fruit 1 4 orange red pome in september
FL. & FR.: White, 1/3” , malodorous in 3-5” flat-topped corymbs in May; Fruit = 1/4” orange-red pome in September
slide37
CULTURE: Transplant B & B; prefers well drained loamy, sl. acidic soils; Does NOT tolerate compacted soils or air pollution

PESTS: Fireblight, canker, leaf rusts (none too serious in Vermont)

USE: Specimen, foundation plant, attract wildlife

MISC.: Disease devastates the plant below USDA Zone 6!

slide38
Hydrangea paniculata ‘Grandiflora’“peegee hydrangea”

SIZE: Large shrub or small tree

HABIT: Upright, spreading,

low-branched

slide41
FL. & FR.: Mostly infertile flowers; 12-18” terminal panicle; Flowers white changing to reddish-pink; No fruit
slide42
CULTURE: MWDS; full sun to partial shade; tough plant; soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood)

PESTS: None serious

USE: Specimen; accent; old-time plant that is making a come-back

MISC.: Coarse winter texture; bold in flower; Dirr doesn’t like it (a “monstrosity”)

slide45
Philadelphus coronarius“mockorange”

SIZE: Large shrub

HABIT: Upright, stiff branches that arch with age; leggy

fl fr white 1 very fragrant borne clustered on a raceme in june fruit dehiscent capsule not showy
FL. & FR.: White, 1”, very fragrant, borne clustered on a raceme in June; Fruit = dehiscent capsule (not showy)
slide49
CULTURE: Transplant readily; soil adaptable; full sun to light shade; prune after flowering (can cut to the ground to rejuvenate!)

PESTS: Leaf spots (some powdery mildew)

USE: Accent; shrub border; old-time plant

MISC.: Grown for scented flowers only...

slide50
Halesia tetraptera (H. carolina)“Carolina silverbell”

SIZE: Small to medium tree

HABIT: Low-branched tree with

rounded, broad crown

slide52
BARK: Young branches are orange-gray with darker vertical streaks. Become more gray brown with age with distinct flat topped ridges.
slide53
FL. & FR.: White, campanulate, 3/4” long, axillary flowers on old wood, in May before leaves; Fruit = oblong, 4-winged, 1 .5” long, dry, lt. brown drupe
slide54
CULTURE: Transplants readily if B & B; prefers rich, high organic matter soils; sun or partial shade

PESTS: None!

USE: Specimen; naturalizing; mix with rhododendrons underneath and evergreens behind

MISC.: Underutilized plant; ‘Rosea’ has a pink flower

slide55
Tamarix ramosissima “tamarisk”

SIZE: Medium to large shrub

HABIT: Upright but open

slide57
FL. & FR.: Rosy pink, 1/4” flowers borne in 1- 3” racemes grouped to form large (2-3’) terminal panicles in mid-summer. Fruit = a capsule (rare)
slide58
CULTURE: Poor root system and therefore requires close attention following planting. Provide with adequate moisture. If transplanted and allowed to become dry... It will die! Prefers acidic, well-drained soils low in fertility; full sun; very salt tolerant!! Can be pruned to the ground and still flower

PESTS: Canker and root rot

USE: Seashore plantings or areas with high salt; poor soils

MISC.: This plant has proven to be invasive in the mid-west along rivers and streams

slide59
Stewartia pseudocamellia “Japanese stewartia”

SIZE: Small to medium tree

HABIT: Pyramidal to oval

slide61
BARK: Outstanding!! Develops a muscle like character. Outer bark fragments exfoliate to reveal lighter inner bark
slide62
FL. & FR.: White, cup-shaped, 2” across, flowers have long filaments and orange anthers, in May before leaves; Fruit = 1” oval, dry, lt. brown 5-valved capsule in fall
slide63
CULTURE: Difficult to transplant, small container-grown plants or B & B is best; prefers well drained, organic, acidic soils; Prefer shade during the hottest part of the day.

PESTS: None serious

USE: Specimen, esp. in winter for the bark

MISC.: Marginally hardy here in Burlington, VT. The bark is exfoliating and reveals a patchwork of cinnamons, tans, browns and cream colors. Exceptional! A 4-season plant!

slide64
Ulmus glabra ‘Camperdownii’“Camperdown elm”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Low-branched tree with rounded, broad crown; height depends on graft

slide68
CULTURE: Transplants readily; MWDS; full sun

PESTS: Few (for elms); leaf gall; graft incompatibility

USE: Specimen

MISC.: Novelty plant ideal for a small yard; originally discovered creeping on the ground at Camperdown House, Dundee, Scotland around 1850

slide69
Ilex verticillata“winterberry”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Oval-rounded;

forms a multistemmed clump

slide72
FL. & FR.: Dioecious! Flowers not showy; Fruit on female = 1/4” bright red drupe in September; persists into winter
slide73
CULTURE: Tolerates WET conditions; prefers moist, acidic, high OM soils; full sun to partial shade; will sucker

PESTS: None serious

USE: Excellent in a mass, near water; naturalizing; attracts wildlife

MISC.: Many cultivars for fruit color (yellow, orange, red)

eleutherococcus sieboldianus fiveleaf aralia
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus“fiveleaf aralia”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright (with pruning), otherwise an upright mound

slide78
CULTURE: VERY tolerant of poor soils, pollution, full sun or full shade; tolerates pruning; will sucker

PESTS: None serious

USE: Urban plant; screen; barrier (prickles)

MISC.: The cultivar, ‘Variegatus’ has a very nice, white-margined, “tropical” looking leaf; formerly Acanthopanax sieboldianus

viburnum carlesii koreanspice viburnum
Viburnum carlesii“Koreanspice viburnum”

SIZE: Small to medium shrub

HABIT: Rounded; dense

slide82
FL. & FR.: Flowers = pinkish-red in bud, 1/2” across in 3” cymes in May (semi-snowball); Fruit = 1/3” red-black egg-shaped drupe (not showy)
slide83
CULTURE: Prefers MWDS; full sun to partial shade; prune AFTER flowering; avoid grafted plants

PESTS: None serious, resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Foundation plant; mixed shrub border

MISC.: Flowers very fragrant!!

viburnum dentatum arrowwood viburnum
Viburnum dentatum“arrowwood viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Multistemmed; dense

and rounded

fl fr flowers white in 3 flat topped cyme in june fruit 1 4 blue black drupe in september
FL. & FR.: Flowers = white in 3” flat-topped cyme in June; Fruit = 1/4” blue-black drupe in September
slide87
CULTURE: Transplants readily; very durable for viburnums; prefers MWDS, full sun to partial shade; tolerates salt; suckers readily!

PESTS: susceptible to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Hedges, masses; utilitarian; attracts wildlife

MISC.: NOT fragrant in flower! Selections need to be made for fall color. Branches are long , straight, and resilient, and make excellent arrows!

viburnum lantana wayfaringtree viburnum
Viburnum lantana“wayfaringtree viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Multistemmed; upright;

rounded

slide90
FL. & FR.: Flowers = white in 4” flat-topped cyme in May, no fragrance; Fruit = 1/3” yellow, red, black drupe in September (quite showy)
slide91
CULTURE: Readily transplanted; tolerates alkaline and dry soils better than other viburnums; full sun to partial shade

PESTS: resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Hedges, screens, massing; borders

MISC.: A more compact form is: V. lantana ‘Mohican’

viburnum opulus roseum european snowballbush
Viburnum opulus ‘Roseum’“European snowballbush”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright, mounded

slide94
FL. & FR.: Flowers = sterile, showy white flowers clustered in a 3” diameter ball in May; Flowers turn slightly pink with age; Fruit = none
slide95
CULTURE: Soil adaptable; very easy to grow; will NOT tolerate wet sites; full sun to partial shade

PESTS: Aphids; leaf spot, susceptible to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Edging; shrub border

MISC.: An old favorite in European and US gardens; known since the 16th century

viburnum plicatum var tomentosum doublefile viburnum
Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum“doublefile viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Horizontal branching in

tiers

slide98
FL. & FR.: Flower = white, mix of fertile and sterile flowers on a 4” flat-topped cyme in May; Fruit = 1/3” red, black drupe in August
slide99
CULTURE: Requires MWDS; does NOT tolerate heavy, clay, poorly drained soils; can be severely pruned to rejuvenate

PESTS: None serious; leaf scorch can be a problem in hot, dry sites; resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Specimen, accent, foundation, mass

MISC.: A beautiful plant in flower, marginally hardy here (site in a protected location!)

viburnum x rhytidophylloides lantanaphyllum viburnum
Viburnum x rhytidophylloides“lantanaphyllum viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright, slightly spreading

fl fr flower creamy white in 4 flat topped cymes in may fruit 1 3 red black drupe in september
FL. & FR.: Flower = creamy-white in 4” flat-topped cymes in May; Fruit = 1/3” red, black drupe in September
slide103
CULTURE: Soil adaptable; sun to partial shade; protect from wind

PESTS: None, resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Screen, hedge, foundation plant

MISC.: Fruit can be showy, selections need to be made! V. x rhytidophylloides ‘Alleghany’ is a superior selection from a hybrid cross of V.rhytidophyllum x V. lantana ‘Mohican’ in 1953 and resulted in darker green leaves, more flowers, greater cold hardiness, more vigorous yet dense and compact growth!

viburnum trilobum american cranberry viburnum
Viburnum trilobum“American cranberry viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright and slightly spreading

slide106
FL. & FR.: Flowers = white in 4” flat-topped cymes in May; Fruit = 1/3” bright red, globose, drupe in September (persists into winter)
slide107
CULTURE: Transplants readily; prefers MWDS; sun to partial shade; more adaptable than V. opulus; does NOT tolerate dry conditions

PESTS: susceptible to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Screen or informal hedge; attracts wildlife

MISC.: Fruit edible and made into jams and jellies. Looks nearly identical to V. opulus

weigela florida weigela
Weigela florida“weigela”

SIZE: Small to medium shrub

HABIT: Rounded with arching branches to the ground

slide110
FL. & FR.: Flowers = 1” funnel-shaped, rosy-pink in June, axillary on old-wood; Fruit = two-valved capsule (not showy)
slide111
CULTURE: Extremely adaptable; prune after flowering to maintain shape; pollution tolerant

PESTS: None serious

USE: Massing, groups, shrub border

MISC.: Effective in flower, nondescript out-of-flower; many cultivars: ‘Alexandra’ = “Wine and Roses®weigela” and ‘Variegata Nana’ = a compact, variegated form