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Tokyo, Japan Open Source: Striking a new balance in Effective Collaboration! Sponsored by Oregon Economic Development Department and IDG Ben.Berry@ODOT.state.or.us Chief Information Officer Oregon Department of Transportation From Collaboration to Innovation

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slide1

Tokyo, Japan

Open Source:Striking a new balance in Effective Collaboration!Sponsored by Oregon Economic Development Department and IDG

Ben.Berry@ODOT.state.or.us

Chief Information Officer

Oregon Department of Transportation

From Collaboration to Innovation

"Open technology is doing for mass innovation what the assembly line did for mass production. Get ready for the era when collaboration replaces command and control while improving productivity, competitive differentiation, customer intimacy, and improved business results.”

as community source development efforts what s in it for federal state county and local governments

Middleware

Operating System

Free SW License

Collaborative Virtual Teams

Source Code

License Technology-Neutral

State Level Applications Sourcing

Federal Level Applications Sourcing

Redistribution of Software

County Level Applications Sourcing

Authors & Maintainers

Technical Culture

Redistribute SW modifications

Non Discrimination of Persons/Groups

Non Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor

Derived Works

As Community Source Development efforts, what’s in it for Federal/State/ County/ and Local Governments?

Government Adoption of Open Source

Community Source Teams – Are groups of individuals representing very different areas of functional and geographical expertise, working interdependently on a task and do not necessarily meet face-to-face.

community source teams
Community Source Teams

Responsible for………

Performance.High performance work as measured by faster, better responses to rapidly changing environments and input.

Intensive Team Leads.Communication-intensive leadership that check in on their members frequently, mentor them, establish and communicate team norms and continuously monitor adherence to norms and adjust them as frequently as required.

Team Diversity.Recognizing diversity early in the team’s life cycle and leveraging it throughout the collaborative process.

Trust.Building trust through a planned team communication strategy and frequent in-process, team-tuning sessions (without necessarily ever meeting face-to-face).

Sub-teams.Build trust and simulate intellectual growth by pairing diverse members into sub-teams that perform highly interdependent tasks that build integrated products and services.

Brainstorming.Giving team members more time for reflection to produce quality ideas.

Team Connectedness.The joint use of real-time synchronous (blogs, vlogs, wikis, audio conferencing, electronic white-boarding, application-sharing and instant messaging) and persisting asynchronous communication (living virtual team rooms with document repositories and electronic discussion boards) enables community source teams to coordinate and collaborate across space and time.

slide4

Open Source Consideration

Cost Reductions

Customer wants IT solutions that are least cost and competitive, but dependable.

Time-to-Market

  • Improving the efficiency of business operations
  • through fast-track acquisition practices.

Community Sourcing

Support performance through sharing of key Open Source community resources.

new balance between command control and collaboration
“NEW BALANCE” betweenCommand & Control and Collaboration

Pendulum Swing

1970s and before – Command & Control

  • Key trends
    • Economies of scale is key driver
    • “Structural” advantages, e.g., exclusive supplier network
  • Response
    • Division-basedorganizations focused on tasks, coordination
    • Command and control exerted by corporate center on distributed agencies or “field offices”
    • “Headquarters knows best” thinking!
new balance between command control and collaboration6
“NEW BALANCE” betweenCommand & Control and Collaboration

21st Century Collaboration

  • Key trends
    • Technology, globalization, deregulation and e-economy
    • Customize global brands to local markets
    • Focus on performance; cost cutting
  • Response
    • Reduce support services duplication
    • Consolidate non-core activities into shared services, outsourcing
    • Foster entrepreneurship via disaggregation into lean, nimble business units
    • Push decision-making closer to customers and markets
    • Give middle managers authority to deliver on performance targets

Pendulum Swing

1970s and before

Command

&

Control

government is setting sights beyond basic infrastructure
Government is Setting Sights Beyond Basic Infrastructure

Linux deployment evolution

Client

Devices

Internet Access

Line of Business

Enterprise Data

Business Application Server

Data/Content Server/

Warehouse

Infrastructure Server/Blade

  • Proxy
  • Caching
  • VPN
  • Firewall
  • WAP
  • VoIP

Gateway

Basic

Infrastructure

Embedded OSS

  • Directory
  • Security
  • Load balance
  • File/print
  • Web
  • E-mail
  • NAS
  • ERP
  • SCM
  • CRM
  • HR
  • Databases
  • Consolidation on zSeries

Desktops

Compute Clusters

Network Edge Servers

Financial, R&D, biotech, geophysical, energy, visualize

Solidly entrenched

Emerging

Embryonic

Niche

open source software adoption in selected software markets
Open Source Software Adoption in Selected Software Markets

Development Tools

Server Operating System

Security

Virtualization

Directory Services

Collaboration

Presentation

Integration Services

Content Management

Search

Process Management

Application Servers

RDBMS

Enterprise Applications

Enterprise Service Bus

Embryonic

Emerging

Growing

Maturing

Most Mature

OSS Alternative Maturity Level — 2005

slide9

Vertical Software

County Agency Technology Maps

Board of County Commissioners | Financial Services | Information Management | FREDS | Library | Sheriff | Labor Relations | Auditor| Transportation & Land Use Planning | Emergency Mgt. | Assessment & Taxation | County Counsel | Risk Mgt. | Facilities | Animal Control | District Attorney | Budget & Quality | Employee Services | Affirmative Action | Public Defenders |Juvenile & Adult Community Justice | Juvenile Justice | Community & Family Services | Aging Services|

Vertical Software

State Agency Technology Maps

Agriculture | Consumer and Business Services | Corrections | Education | Environmental Quality | Fish and Wildlife | Geology and Mineral Industries | Human Services | Land Conservation and Development | Public Safety Standards and Training | Revenue | Transportation | Veterans' Affairs |

100+ Oregon

Agencies

Horizontal Software

Utility and Middleware Software

Apache| BIND| Sendmail| BSD| Gnome| KDE| Gnu| Samba| Linux| Open Office| MySQL| Perl| XFree86|

CPAN| PHP| Gimp|

36 Oregon

Counties

Government Adoption of Open Source

Open Source in Government

  • Expect to see more and more public-sector organizations around the world utilizing open source software!
  • Benefits gained from increased use of OSS within the typical IT portfolio, includes industry tailored critical core mission Vertical Software that
  • Reduces total cost of ownership
  • Provides higher stability
  • Provides increased security
  • Gives greater overall control
  • Horizontal Software represents utility software used across industries and includes, messaging, e-mail, collaboration tools and generic business application toolsets shown below.
slide11

Application Strategy Technology Bridge

- Open Source SW Opportunity-

Application Map

Transportation & Land Use Planning

Division

Assessment & Taxation Division

slide12

Commercial

Source

Opportunities

Existing

Open

Source

Potential

Open Source

govSource

slide13

Leading

Firms

or

Core Services

Oregon’s

Open Source Business Cluster

Shared

Vision

Suppliers and

Essential Networks

Human

Resources

Venture

Capital

Educational

Resources

Licensing &

Policy Dev.

R & D

Technology

Economic Foundations

Open Source Cluster Model

Career Development – Life-Long Employment – Business Value – Economic Dev.

Business Cluster Infrastructure

www.sao.org

slide14

Oregon’s Open Technology Business Cluster

Linux Foundation (formerly OSDL)

  • Supported by a global consortium of established Linux & Open Source leaders
  • Accelerating the worldwide growth & adoption of Linux in the Enterprise
  • Growing importance of Linux in embedded devices
  • Linus Torvalds, Creator of Linux, is leading Linux development efforts from the Linux Foundation.

Intel

  • Linux is a key investment area for Intel.
  • Run their Linux strategies from Oregon.
  • 16,000 employees in Oregon

IBM Linux Technology Center (IBM LTC)

  • IBM’s headquarters for Linux testing & development
  • Strong collaboration with Intel, Linux Fdn, OSU OSL & OTBC to drive Linux growth

Portland State University (PSU)

  • Linux & Open Source are rapidly permeating the CS Dept., Business School curriculum.

Open Technology Business Center (OTBC)

  • Only center for incubating Open Source start-ups

Oregon State University Open Source Lab (OSU OSL)

  • Largest university-based applied Open Source research & commercialization lab
  • Host, distribute &/or mirror >40 Open Source projects including: Mozilla’s Firefox; OpenOffice, MySQL; Apache; KDE; Debian Linux; Gentoo Linux; Ark Linux; Ximina Linux; Yellow Dog Linux; Netwinder Linux; & CPAN Perl libs.
  • Home to the Government Open Source Conference (GOSCON) and other leading Public Sector initiatives
with partners everywhere

Top Ten Established Firms in the

Linux/Open Source Ecosystem

IBM

Intel

Hewlett-Packard

Oracle

Sun Microsystems

Wind River

Red Hat

Novell

Xandros

Red Flag

Top-Tier Open Source Communities

KDE

Mozilla Foundation

GNOME Foundation

Eclipse Foundation

Free Software Foundation

Apache Software Foundation

ObjectWeb Consortium

Debian Project

OpenOffice.org

Gentoo Linux

Wine

With Partners Everywhere

Top Ten Open Source

Start-Ups & Private Firms

SugarCRM

Compiere

XenSource

OpenLogic

BakBone Software

Virtual Iron Software

SleepyCat

SpikeSource

mySQL

CollabNet

OSDL

Intel

IBM LTC

Compiere

OTBC

Oracle

Sun Microsystems

HP

OSU OSL

slide16
DURATION. OSL at OSU is now three years in operation

SERVICES. Providing platform stability and support for the world’s largest community-based Open Source applications

HOSTING: over 140 servers, 40 major projects including Mozilla, Firefox, Apache, OpenOffice, OLPC, Linux Master Kernel. Host, develop and distribute open source software (4 million downloads a day)

DONATIONS from Industry in support of community-building

Google - $350K in 2005, again in 2006

Real Networks - $500,000 in 2006

Hardware donations IBM • Sun • Intel • Others

Government Open Source Conference(GOSCON) now its third year attracted senior government IT management and open source industry leaders from 13 states and 5 countries.

Open Source Lab Facts

goscon returns for its third year
GOSCON: Returns for its Third Year
  • Education & Discussion for Senior Public Sector Information Technology Management
  • Brings together public and private sectors
  • Many open source industry leaders live in Oregon or travel here often to do business

Diamond

October 15 - 16 at the Portland, Oregon Hilton

Government Open Source Conference

More info:www.goscon.org

open technology business center otbc
Open Technology Business Center (OTBC)

Help for StartupsOTBC is a non-profit corporation that helps startup companies succeed with office infrastructure and coaching, advising, networking, entrepreneurship education, and consulting services. As a technology-focused business incubator, OTBC's goal is to provide participating entrepreneurs and small start-up companies with access to industry leaders and coaches, extensive education programs, and office facilities designed to nurture the next wave of technology-driven companies in the region. At OTBC, startups are in the center of it all.

How we Do ItOTBC leverages the rich knowledge base of Entrepreneurs in Residence, partners, and Board of Advisers to fill in the gaps often faced by individuals or small teams. Whether it be legal services, go-to-market planning, business-plan financial modeling, or marketing communications, OTBC's community and network of executive advisers can provide the services and expertise startups need to accelerate their market entry.

Ventures in Residence

Blueleaf

Collectability

Earth Class Mail

GoSeeTell Network

Infinity Softworks

Insight GRM

Klassic Corp.

Lumencor

Lumeno.us

Remote Technologies

SeniTech Global Corporation

TSSI

Validy

Virtualosity Solution

http://www.opentechcenter.com/drupal/

csi supporting broad sets of customers
CSI:Supporting Broad Sets of Customers

Brokerage Firms to Capital Management

  • Access and use of the software created by the core team
  • Fully supported released software
  • Fully supported Software as a Service (SaaS) hosted at industry approved sites
  • Availability of additional services
    • CSI
      • Training
      • Installation
    • Partners
      • Customization
      • Enhancements

Exchanges

InsuranceCompanies

Regional Banks

slide21

Linux Foundation - Open Source Software Model

Formerly:

Open Source Development Lab

Linux Kernel

slide22

Open Source

in

Oregon State Government

Shared

Vision

15

16

Non-Participating Agencies 48%

Participating Agencies 52%

Oregon Agencies Use of Open Source Products

The data gleaned from the participating agencies provides a partial view of information that is indicative of “real” usage of open source software products within State of Oregon agencies.

oregon s open source software inventory project

Capture & Correlate Event/Exception

Process Management

Composite Events

Development Environments

Integrated Services

Communication & Collaboration

Content Management

Virtualization

Application Services

Enterprise Applications

Oregon’s Open Source Software Inventory Project

Open Source Inventory

slide24

CIO Council

Approves Project

Acquire tool or

formulate other

way of doing

inventory

Start

Oregon State Government

Open Source Inventory Process Map

Agency has network scan tool such as SMS

?

No

Yes

Determine list

of products for

search

Search for Open

Source inventory

End

Produce report;

,

Project to report

send to Project

to CIO Council

Team for

collection

the open source stacks growing up

Enterprise Applications

SugarCRM, Compiere, Ohioedge

Collaboration

Zope, phpBB, Nukes, PostNuke

Content Management

Midgard, OpenCMS, Lenya, Typo3, Red Hat

Presentation

Jetspeed, Gluecode, Zope, uPortal, Liferay

Search

Lucene, ht://Dig

Process Management

Openflow

Development Tools

Eclipse, NetBeans, PHP, Perl, Struts, Hibernate, Spring

Integration Services

Openadaptor

Enterprise Service Bus

Celtix, ServiceMix

Application Servers

JBoss, JonAS,

Directory Services

OpenLDAP

RDBMS

MySQL, PostgreSQL, Firebird, Ingres

Security

Snort, Nessus

Operating System

Linux, FreeBSD

Virtualization

Xen

The Open-Source Stacks: Growing Up

Products

Maturity

the future from open source to open technology manufacturing

(OTI) Open Technology Innovation Manufacturing

Shared

Vision

The Future: From Open Source to Open Technology Manufacturing

Ok, why enter the ‘AirShip’ in the Automotive X-Prize?

slide34

eVote

Magnetic Propulsion

AirShip Technology

govSource

GPS Aware

Smart Apparel

DNA Messaging

eVote

Nano-Technology

Electronics

Automotive

Propulsion

Clean Technologies

Oceanography

Life Science / Bio-Tech

Hologramology

Geo-Physics

OTI Technology Criteria

Software Development

Smart Apparel

Identity Security

Space Science

Telecommunications

Transformational

Trends

Virtualization

Innovation

Global Market

Cross Use Ability

Technology Capabilities Use Cases

Open Technology Innovation Use Case Determination

Decide which Technology Projects to Host!

slide35

Open Technology Program Management

Management Use Cases

OTI Worldwide Member Firms -- Industry Events -- Forums -- Open Technology Symposiums -- Individuals

govSource

eVote

GPS Aware

Smart Apparel

AirShip Technology

Magnetic Propulsion

DNA Messaging

eVote

OTI

Program

Management

Member

Program

Management

OTI

Program

Management

Communication Link

Communication Link

Worldwide Community Maintainers

Global Distributors

Production Acceptance

Mainstream

Global Capabilities

Vertical Capabilities

Technology Capabilities Use Cases

Global

Projects

Vertical

Projects

OTI

Products

OTI

Services

Community

Projects

Open Technology

Development and Test Activities

Industry Vertical

Distribution

Global

Distribution

Derived from the OSDL Open Source Model

Marketplace

airship use case competition
AirShip Use Case Competition

AIRSHIP TECHNOLOGIES GROUP

open technology innovation model airship aggregate components

H

2

Open Technology Innovation Model AirShip Aggregate Components

Fuel Cell Stack

Track Ball

Electric

Motor Controller

Tank

Electric

Track-Ball

Drive Train

Hydrogen

Compressors

Solar Fabric Skin

open technology innovation model airship aggregate components38

Components

Component

Attribute Groupings

Vehicle

Versioning

AirShip

(with complexity)

Overall Valuation Cube Model -Sub Component Aggregates

By Vehicle

Power Plant

Mainstream

Alternative

Drive Train

External Body

By Vehicle

Attribute

Dimension

Power Plant

Drive Train

AirShip

External Body

By Make

AirShip

Complexity

Dimension

OTI

Valuation

OTI Use Case Components

Open Technology Innovation Model AirShip Aggregate Components
slide39

Attribute Dimension

Complexity Dimension

OTI

Valuation Dimension

Open Technology Innovation Use CaseCube Model

By Valuation

By Attribute

AirShip Use Case Components

OTI AirShip Use Case Cube Model Components

By Complexity

slide43

Bind together across organizational and individual artificial boundaries.

Promote common subject areas for technology advancement.

Share different perspectives on single or multiple related issues.

Unite technical peers.

Identify knowledge networks of common identity and objectives.

Fundamental understanding of and support for OT collaboration.

Promote that which can integrate world technology development.

Promote functioning across enterprises and governments.

Focus resources for a “world technology development” core model.

Deliver demonstrated value

Act as the three-way link

Establish virtual development

Future of Open Technology Summary

Manage Global Open Technology Community

Manage Cross-Entity

Open Technology Model

Open

Technology

Manufacturing

Governance Bodies

Technical Experts

Stakeholders

slide44

From Collaboration to Innovation

Questions and Answers

Striking a new balance in Effective Collaboration