Module 7 Windows XP Operating System
Windows XP • Windows XP is designed as an operating system for both the home and office. • Microsoft has released four different types of the XP operating system: • Home Edition • Media Center Edition • Professional Edition • A 64-bit Edition created for businesses with specialized and technical applications. • Windows XP is built on the Windows 2000 code base, and provides the same reliability and performance.
Windows XP Home Edition • Windows XP Home Edition is a less-expensive version, and is typically marketed to users and customers that use PCs in their homes and very small businesses. • Windows XP Home Edition is intended for inexperienced users who do not need to connect to corporate networks and do not require the extra security options that Windows XP Professional contains. • Some enhancements include improved software and hardware compatibility, simplified security such as Simple File Sharing versus Windows 2000 Sharing, new log-on screen, fast user switching, enhanced multimedia support, and DirectX 8.1 multimedia libraries for gaming.
Windows XP Professional • The XP Professional operating system includes everything that the Home Edition provides, plus all the networking and security components that are required to join a Windows NT, 2000, or XP domain in a corporate network. • Windows XP Professional contains several features that are not included in Windows XP Home Edition: • support for high-performance hardware, such as a dual-processor motherboard • Remote Desktop allows mobile users to remotely access their corporate desktop • supports dynamic disks • Internet Information Services (IIS) Web server software • Roaming profiles
Windows XP Professional • Windows XP Professional contains additional security features. • For example, each user in XP Home Edition is automatically assigned to the Owners local group. • This group is the Windows XP equivalent of the Windows 2000 Administrator account. • Anyone who logs on to a Home Edition machine will have full control of the operating system. • However, the Windows XP Home Edition does include a Restricted Users group, which grants limited access to the operating system for the selected users.
Windows XP Professional 64-bit • Windows XP Professional 64-bit is Microsoft first 64-bit operating system. • This operating system is designed to accommodate specialized, technical applications. • For example, digital content creators including digital artists, 3D animators, gaming developers, and engineers can view more complex models and simulations to improve their product.
Windows XP Professional 64-bit • A system built around an Intel Itanium 64-bit processor must be used in conjunction with a 64-bit version of Windows XP Professional. • The 64-bit Edition currently supports up to 16 GB of RAM. • One terabyte of system cache and a 512 terabyte page file will also be supported as hardware and memory capabilities increase to 16 terabytes of virtual memory.
Windows XP Professional 64-bit • A 64-bit motherboard and chip set are required for the Windows XP 64-bit Edition.
Windows XP Media Center Edition • XP Media Center Edition is a new Microsoft edition that is pre-installed only on Media Center PCs. • The media center provides users with the ability to watch live television, record TV programs, listen to digital music, view slideshows and picture albums, and play DVDs all from one location.
Windows XP Installation • The Windows family of operating systems has always been user friendly when it comes to installation. • XP provides the wizard that takes you step by step through the installation process. • The Files and Settings Transfer Wizard allows the user to migrate settings and files from an old computer to a new computer
Windows XP Installation • Another important feature for Windows XP is the User State Migration Tool (USMT). • It is similar to the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard. • The USMT is used by IT administrators who are performing large deployments of Windows XP Professional in a corporate environment. • USMT provides the same functionality as the wizard on a large scale for the purpose of migrating multiple users.
Windows XP Hardware Requirements • Windows XP may require more hardware capabilities than previous versions of Windows to support newer hardware devices and allow the operating system to function efficiently. • Prior to installing Windows XP, ensure that the system hardware is capable of running the specific XP version.
Windows XP Hardware Requirements • A Pentium 233-MHz processor or faster, with 300 MHz recommended • At least 64 MB of RAM, with 128 MB recommended • At least 1.5 GB of available hard disk space • A CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive • A keyboard and a Microsoft Mouse, or some other compatible pointing device • A video adapter and monitor with Super VGA resolution of 800 x 600 or higher • A sound card • Speakers or headphones
Windows XP Features • Windows XP was built on the base code of Windows NT and Windows 2000. • Code protection keeps kernel data as read-only so that drivers and applications cannot corrupt them. • It includes support for smart card logon to terminal server session hosted on a Windows.NET server. • XP removes the clutter from the taskbar by grouping like applications together.
Windows XP Installation Considerations • Check the system requirements • Make sure the version of Windows is eligible for an upgrade • Use the Compatibility tool or download the Upgrade Advisor to ensure that the system, devices, and software will work with XP • Review the documentation before starting any new installation • Run anti-virus software before starting the installation
Steps in Installing Windows XP First choose between the three types of installations: • Clean install – sets up a fresh copy of Windows XP. • Upgrading an existing version (Windows XP will not upgrade from Windows 3.1 or 95. A clean install must be preformed). • Dual boot installation – can be used when the user desires to preserve the currently installed version of Windows.
Steps in Installing Windows XP There are four main steps in the Windows XP installation process: • File copy • Text mode setup • GUI mode setup • Windows Welcome
Steps in Installing Windows XP • File CopyThe first step copies the Windows Setup files to a folder on the partition where they can run when the system is restarted. • Text Mode SetupDuring a clean installation, the user selects the partition where the Windows XP system files will be installed. The partition can be created and formatted in this step. • GUI Mode SetupWindows Setup uses a graphical wizard to guide the user • Windows WelcomeAs the last portion of the Setup process, the user has the option to create user accounts and activate Windows before using it for the first time.
Windows XP Setup Options • Windows XP installation starts with options to set up XP or to repair XP. • To run the installation, press ENTER. To repair an installation, press R to open the Recovery Console.
Windows XP Setup Options • The next option in the setup process is to partition and format the hard drive. • This step is not required unless a partition needs to be created. • The system will automatically start copying files once partitioning and formatting is complete.
Upgrading to Windows XP • Windows XP Home Edition or Professional Edition can upgrade from Windows 98, Windows 98 SE, or Windows Me. • Windows NT workstation 4.0 with service pack 6, and Windows 2000 Professional can also upgrade to Windows XP Professional. • Windows 3.1 and Windows 95 cannot upgrade.
Upgrading to Windows XP from NT Workstation 4 or Windows 2000 • In order to upgrade to Windows XP, boot up the current version of Windows and insert the Windows XP CD. • Choose to install Windows XP. • The Setup Wizard will display. • On the first page of the Setup Wizard, select Upgrade and click Next.
Upgrading to Windows XP Professional from NT Workstation 4 or Windows 2000 The upgrade process can be started by completing the following procedure: • Go to Start > Run. • In the Run box, type D:\i386\winnt32, where D is the drive letter for the CD-ROM, and then press Enter. • Select Upgrade to Windows XP and click Next. • Read and accept the license agreement • After the computer restarts, the upgrade process should continue without the need for any further user intervention.
Upgrading to Windows XP Professional from Windows 98 Run the Windows XP setup program to start the upgrade to Windows XP: • Run the XP.EXE command. • Accept the License Agreement. • If the computer is already a member of a domain, create a computer account in that domain. • A prompt to upgrade to NTFS will appear (recommended unless dual booting). • The Windows XP compatibility tool will run, and will generate a report. • The upgrade should finish without further user intervention. The system will need to be restarted for the installation process to complete.
Dual Booting with Windows XP Professional • Windows XP can be set up to dual boot with another operating system such as Windows 98 or Windows 2000. • Note that if the system is set up as dual boot, none of the applications that are installed in the other partition can be used. • If the same application needs to be used by both operating systems, it will need to be installed once in each partition. • If the hard drive is formatted with NTFS, the Windows 98 operating system will not be able to read files in the Windows 2000 NTFS partition.
Windows XP Professional • When a user upgrades from Windows 98 or Windows ME, the Setup program will automatically create a user account with no password. • To add a password to the user account, open Control Panel and click on User Accounts. • Note: If the user profile is stored on a FAT 32 drive, this option will not display.
Making Files Private • The NT File System (NTFS) provides the option of making files and folders private so that only the user will have access to them. • XP has the ability to make all or a selected few folders private. • Previously in Windows 2000, this had to be done with rights and permissions set on files and folders.
Simple File Sharing • Windows XP uses a system called Simple File Sharing. • This system provides a stripped-down interface that eases the setup of common security arrangements. • Simple File Sharing differs from classic Windows NT and 2000 file sharing in several ways.
Simple File Sharing • Windows XP uses a system called Simple File Sharing. • This system provides a stripped-down interface that eases the setup of common security arrangements. • Simple File Sharing differs from classic Windows NT and 2000 file sharing in several ways. • In Windows XP, permissions are set for local users and network users at the folder level only. • Windows XP cannot apply permissions to individual files. • In the XP Home Edition, Simple File Sharing is the only option.
Internet Enhancements • The Internet Enhancements feature is new to the Windows XP environment. • Windows XP provides a control to protect privacy. • This control enables the user to build a custom policy that can block or allow cookies on a site-by-site basis. • XP also comes with an Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) built in to stop the most common attacks.
Remote Desktop • Remote Desktop uses a Terminal Services technology that allows the user to work on a Windows XP Professional computer from any other computer. • Allows the user can access a file, and can navigate the computer as if they were sitting in front of it.
Remote Desktop • To set up Remote Desktop, two computers need to be connected through a local area network, or a dial-up or high-speed Internet connection. • The remote computer must be operating under Windows XP Professional and have a known public IP address. • The client computer needs to be operating under a version of Windows, such as XP, 2000, ME, 98, 95, or NT. • In order for the remote connection to work on machines that do not have Windows XP, client software from the Windows XP Professional CD must be installed.
System Properties • The System Properties dialog box is a new feature in Windows XP. • New tabs have been added to this dialog box, including Automatic Updates, Remote, and System Restore. • To access the System Properties dialog box, right-click My Computer and select Properties.
System Properties • Automatic Update allows the user to configure when and how Windows Update checks for critical updates. • The Remote tab contains two new features, Remote Assistant and Remote Desktop. XP Home Edition includes the Remote Assistant feature. Both features are included with XP Professional. • Remote Assistant is a convenient troubleshooting tool that allows administrators to connect to a client machine across any distance over the Internet. • Both parties must be using Windows XP for this connection to work.
System Properties • System Restore is a Windows XP service that runs in the background. • This service allows the user to restore the OS to a predefined point in time. • Windows XP creates an initial restore point whenever an install or upgrade takes place. • Restore points are also created regardless of user activity every 24 hours if the computer is left on. • Windows XP also allows the user to create a restore point manually at any time.
System Properties • If a problem is encountered which causes Windows XP to not function properly, the System Restore Wizard can be started in Safe Mode as well as in the normal mode. • System Restore cannot protect against viruses, worms, or a Trojan horse. • System Restore could actually restore the virus, even thought the objective is to remove it.
Windows XP Graphical User Interface (GUI) • Windows XP has a new graphical user interface (GUI). • The start menu, the task manager, and the taskbar remain. • However, the icons for My Computer, Network Places, and My Documents are no longer on the desktop by default. • The Start Menu now includes access to My Computer, Network Places, and so on.
Windows XP Graphical User Interface (GUI) • Windows XP organizes common items into groups on the taskbar, such as word processing files, spreadsheet files, and so on. • Clicking an item on the taskbar opens a pop-up menu that displays the files in use for the application.
Fast User Switching • On a shared work or home computer, users have the capability to switch quickly between accounts without having to log off. • This feature was initially designed for home use and is enabled by default with the Windows XP Home Edition. • Fast User Switching is also available on Windows XP Professional, however, if the user joins a domain with a computer that uses Windows XP Professional, the user will not be able to use Fast User Switching.
Windows XP Logon Procedure • Windows XP provides a new logon procedure. • If a profile is set up on the system, the user will click the icon by the correct name and type in the password. • An administrator cannot log on from this screen. • By default, the administrator account can be accessed by pressing the Ctrl-Alt-Del buttons twice.