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Module 2: Managing User and Computer Accounts Overview Creating User Accounts Creating Computer Accounts Modifying User and Computer Account Properties Creating a User Account Template Managing User and Computer Accounts

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Presentation Transcript
overview
Overview
  • Creating User Accounts
  • Creating Computer Accounts
  • Modifying User and Computer Account Properties
  • Creating a User Account Template
  • Managing User and Computer Accounts
  • Using Queries to Locate User and Computer Accounts in Active Directory
lesson creating user accounts
Lesson: Creating User Accounts
  • What Is a User Account?
  • Names Associated with Domain User Accounts
  • Guidelines for Creating a User Account Naming Convention
  • User Account Placement in a Hierarchy
  • User Account Password Options
  • When to Require or Restrict Password Changes
  • Tools to Create User Accounts
  • Practice: Creating User Accounts
  • Best Practices for Creating User Accounts
what is a user account
What Is a User Account?

Local user accounts (stored on local computer)

Domain user accounts (stored in Active Directory)

Windows Server 2003 Domain

Multimedia: Types of User Accounts

guidelines for creating a user account naming convention
Guidelines for Creating a User Account Naming Convention

A convention for naming user accounts should accommodate:

  • Employees with identical names
  • Different types of employees, such as temporary or contract employees
user account placement in a hierarchy
User Account Placement in a Hierarchy

North America

Accounting

Users

Users

South America

Sales

Users

Users

Geopolitical Design

Business Design

tools to create user accounts
Tools to Create User Accounts

Tools available to create user accounts

  • Active Directory Users and Computers
  • Command-line utilities
    • Dsadd
    • Net user
  • Batch utilities
    • CSVDE
    • LDIFDE
  • Computer Management MMC to create local users
practice creating user accounts
Practice: Creating User Accounts

In this practice, you will:

  • Create a local user account by using Computer Management
  • Create a domain account by using Active Directory Users and Computers
  • Create a domain user account by using dsadd
best practices for creating user accounts
Best Practices for Creating User Accounts

Best practices for creating local user accounts

  • Limit the number of people who can log on locally
  • Rename the Administrator account
  • Use strong passwords

Best practices for creating domain user accounts

  • Do not use the Users container for ordinary user accounts
  • Disable any account that will not be used immediately
  • Require users to change their passwords the first time that they log on
lesson creating computer accounts
Lesson: Creating Computer Accounts
  • What Is a Computer Account?
  • Why Create a Computer Account?
  • Where Computer Accounts Are Created in a Domain
  • Computer Account Options
  • Practice: Creating a Computer Account
what is a computer account
What Is a Computer Account?
  • Identifies a computer in a domain
  • Provides a means for authenticating and auditing computer access to the network and to domain resources
  • Is required for every computer running:
    • Windows Server 2003
    • Windows XP Professional
    • Windows 2000
    • Windows NT
why create a computer account
Why Create a Computer Account?
  • Security
    • Authentication
    • Auditing
  • Management
    • Software deployment
    • Desktop management
    • Hardware and software inventory through Systems Management Server
where computer accounts are created in a domain
Where Computer Accounts Are Created in a Domain

Computers that join a domain are created in the Computers container

Computer accounts can be moved to

or created in other organizational units

practice creating a computer account
Practice: Creating a Computer Account

In this practice, you will:

  • Create a computer account by using Active Directory Users and Computers
  • Create a computer account by using dsadd
lesson modifying user and computer account properties
Lesson: Modifying User and Computer Account Properties
  • When to Modify User and Computer Account Properties
  • Properties Associated with User Accounts
  • Renaming a User Account
  • Properties Associated with Computer Accounts
  • Practice: Modifying User and Computer Account Properties
when to modify user and computer account properties
When to Modify User and Computer Account Properties

Modify user account properties to:

  • Make it easier to use search capabilities to find users
  • Match a company’s organizational hierarchy
  • Determine the group membership of a user account

Modify computer account properties to:

  • Assist in asset tracking (Location property)
  • Document who manages a computer (Managed By property)
properties associated with user accounts
Properties Associated with User Accounts

The Properties dialog box for a user account contains:

renaming a user account
Renaming a User Account

The Rename User dialog box

properties associated with computer accounts
Properties Associated with Computer Accounts

The Properties dialog box for a computer account contains:

practice modifying user and computer account properties
Practice: Modifying User and Computer Account Properties

In this practice, you will modify userand computer account properties

lesson creating a user account template
Lesson: Creating a User Account Template
  • What Is a User Account Template?
  • What Properties Are in a Template?
  • Guidelines for Creating User Account Templates
  • Practice: Creating a User Account Template
what is a user account template
What Is a User Account Template?
  • Employs a user account with properties meeting common user requirements
  • Makes creating user accounts with standardized configurations more efficient

User AccountTemplate

guidelines for creating user account templates
Guidelines for Creating User Account Templates
  • Create a separate classification for each department
  • Create a separate group for short-term and temporary employees
  • Set user account expiration dates for short-term and temporary employees
  • Disable the account template
  • Identify the account template
practice creating a user account template
Practice: Creating a User Account Template

In this practice, you will create a user account template

lesson managing user and computer accounts
Lesson: Managing User and Computer Accounts
  • Why Enable or Disable User and Computer Accounts?
  • What Are Locked-Out User Accounts?
  • When to Reset User Passwords
  • When to Reset Computer Accounts
  • Practice: Resetting and Disabling a User Account
why enable or disable user and computer accounts
Why Enable or Disable User and Computer Accounts?

Scenarios for disabling accounts

  • User takes a leave of absence
  • Creating accounts that will not be used immediately

Tools available for disabling or enabling accounts

  • Active Directory Users and Computers
  • Dsmod command
what are locked out user accounts
What Are Locked-Out User Accounts?
  • Account lockout thresholds:
    • Define the number of failed logon attempts
    • Prevent hackers from guessing user passwords
  • Logon failures can occur:
    • At the logon screen
    • At a screen saver protected by a password
    • When accessing network resources
when to reset user passwords
When to Reset User Passwords
  • Reset a password when a user forgets his or her password
  • After the local user’s password has been reset, the user can no longer access some types of information
when to reset computer accounts
When to Reset Computer Accounts

Reset computer accounts when:

  • Computers fail to authenticate to the domain
  • Passwords need to be synchronized
practice resetting and disabling a user account
Practice: Resetting and Disabling a User Account

In this practice, you will:

  • Reset a user account password
  • Disable user accounts
lesson using queries to locate user and computer accounts in active directory
Lesson: Using Queries to Locate User and Computer Accounts in Active Directory
  • Multimedia: Introduction to Locating User and Computer Accounts in Active Directory
  • Search Types
  • What Is a Saved Query?
  • Importing and Exporting Saved Queries
  • Practice: Using Saved Queries to Locate Users and Computers in Active Directory
multimedia introduction to locating user and computer accounts in active directory
Multimedia: Introduction to Locating User and Computer Accounts in Active Directory

This presentation will explain how to locate objects in Active Directory

search types
Search Types

Basic query criteria include:

  • Object type
  • Location
  • General values associated with the object, such as name and description
practice using queries to locate users and computers in active directory
In this practice, you will:

Create a query to find computer accounts in the sales department

Export the query as an XML file in the Admin_tools shared folder

Practice: Using Queries to Locate Users and Computers in Active Directory
lab managing user and computer accounts
Lab: Managing User and Computer Accounts

In this lab, you will:

  • Create user accounts
  • Create computer accounts
  • Use queries to locate objects
  • Modify user and computer properties