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Introduction to Information Literacy Madonna University Library Lijun Xue Reference librarian What is information Literacy?

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Introduction to Information Literacy

Madonna University Library

Lijun Xue

Reference librarian

what is information literacy
What is information Literacy?
  • Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information."American Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. (Chicago: American Library Association, 1989.)
why is information literacy important
Why is information literacy important?
  • Information literacy is the survival skill of the 21st Century
  • College students who are information literate are more likely to be successful in school.
  • More competitive in the future workforce
  • Make right decisions in your life
  • Become “wise information consumers” and lifelong learners
what will you learn
What will you learn ?

You will be able to:

  • understand and follow the key steps in the information seeking process
  • understand the differences between popular magazines and scholarly journals, library online catalogs, databases, and the World Wide Web
  • know how to conduct a effective search within these resources
  • know how to distinguish different kinds of resources
  • evaluate information resources critically
  • acquire critical thinking and problem-solving skills for further studying and learning
what is the big6 for research
What is the Big6 for research ?

The Big6 is the most well-known and widely-used model for teaching information literacy. It was developed by Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz.

1. Defining a research topic

2. Developing information seeking strategies

3. Locating and accessing the resources

4. Using information

5. Synthesis

6. Assessment

step 1 how to define a research topic
Step 1. How to define a research topic:
  • Use the Library Subject Guidesand Resource Pathfinderson library home page
  • Use web directories to browse the possible subject areas
  • Think about what interests you, and how that

can be related to your paper

  • Talk to your instructors and reference librarians about the possible topics
  • Look over reference books or general collection of specific subject areas at the library

For example: most literature books are in the P section. And most of biography books are in the CT section – both in the reading room and reference room

step 2 how to develop information seeking strategies
Step 2. How to develop information seeking strategies
  • Phrase the topic as a question
  • Brainstorm the various aspects of your topic
  • Break down your research topic into concepts and keywords
  • Think of as many terms as you can to describe your topic
  • Find out all the possible synonyms of the terms
step 2 how to develop information seeking strategies8
Step 2. How to develop information seeking strategies

Knowing different resources:

  • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, almanacs, atlases, and handbooks -- are great for background information or quick facts.
  • Books -- cover a topic thoroughly, though they may not be as current as other sources.
  • Magazines and newspapers -- are reader-friendly and good for current events.
  • Scholarly journals -- are more academic in nature.

Scholarly journals vs. popular magazines

step 2 how to develop information seeking strategies9
Step 2. How to develop information seeking strategies

Knowing different resources:

  • Library online catalog - The publicly searchable computer system that stores the bibliographical records for a library's materials.
  • Database - A collection of information or data stored in machine- readable form and accessed by a computer.
  • Internet resources – The information on the web that is free to the public.
step 3 how to locate and access the information
Step 3: How to locate and access the information
  • Finding Books:

1. Madonna University Library Online Catalog (MAC)

      • Basic search
      • Power search

2. WorldCat

3. Other Library Catalogs

4. E-books

step 3 how to locate and access the information continue
Step 3: How to locate and access the information (continue)
  • Finding Articles:

1. Database :

    • ProQuest
    • Thomson Gale
    • Wilson Web
    • Credo Reference
step 3 how to locate and access the information continued
Step 3: How to locate and access the information (continued)

2. Central Search

3. Full-Text E-Journals

  • How to access databases off-

campus

step 3 how to locate and access the information continued13
Step 3: How to locate and access the information (continued)

Tips for searching databases:

All the databases are constructed differently, but there are some of standard research techniques that you can use to search almost all the databases, such as:

  • Always use advanced search
  • Boolean operators: And, Or, Not
  • Truncation: Truncation=rootword + *
step 3 how to locate and access the information continued14
Step 3: How to locate and access the information (continued)
  • Finding Information on the web:
    • How to search Internet resources

1. Search Engine – Yahoo, Google, Ask.com

2. Web Directories – Yahoo Directory

Librarians’ Internet Index

step 3 how to locate and access the information continue15
Step 3: How to locate and access the information (continue)
  • How to evaluate Internet resources:

1. Accuracy –

2. Authority –

3. Objectivity –

4. Currency –

5. Coverage –

step 4 how to use information
Step 4: How to use information
  • Engage in the sources:

-- read, view, listen, or interact with information

  • Extract relevant information:

-- taking notes, making copies and citations

step 5 how to synthesize information
Step 5: How to synthesize information

A synthesis is a written discussion that draws on one or more sources. It is the “ability to infer relationships among sources” and come up your own conclusion.

  • Organize the information
  • Present the information in an effective form (paper, PowerPoint, or multimedia)
  • Cite information correctly and avoid plagiarism – visit Library home page(Plagiarism Information)
step 6 how to assess information seeking process
Step 6: How to assess information seeking process

To determine how effectively and efficiently the information seeking process was conducted

  • Assess the outcome

Does the paper/project meet the requirement?

Was the information need met?

Was the problem solved?

  • Assess the process

How could you improve?

What would you do differently next time?

contact information
Contact Information:
  • Personal contact information

Lijun Xue Reference librarian

Phone #: (734) 432-5683

Email: lxue@madonna.edu

  • Library reference desk

Phone #: (734) 432-5657

  • Library circulation desk

Phone #: (734) 432-5657

  • On the library home page

Ask a Librarian – Email reference service

Staff directory – contact any librarian