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Hydrogen Power Rich Harth Chris Bartlow Kathleen Montz Rose Morgans Objectives Whether or not hydrogen is a viable source of energy. Can it be developed? Obstacles: Environmental, Social, and Political Sustainable? What is Hydrogen? Gas Found everywhere

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hydrogen power

Hydrogen Power

Rich Harth

Chris Bartlow

Kathleen Montz

Rose Morgans

objectives
Objectives
  • Whether or not hydrogen is a viable source of energy.
  • Can it be developed?
  • Obstacles: Environmental, Social, and Political
  • Sustainable?
what is hydrogen
What is Hydrogen?
  • Gas
  • Found everywhere
  • Found in water
  • http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=hydrogen_home-basics-k.cfm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen
production of hydrogen
Production of Hydrogen
  • Steam reforming
  • Electrolysis

1800 –English scientists William

Nicholson and Sir Anthony Carlisle

  • Gasification
introduction
Introduction
  • For transportation not electrical production
  • Hydrogen is combustible
  • 2 H2(g) + O2 (g) → 2 H2O(l)

 Internal combustion engines

  • Fuel cells

 Use hydrogen to produce electricity

  • Under development
how does hydrogen power work
How Does Hydrogen Power Work?
  • Fuel Cell

Internal Combustion?

history
History
  • 1766 Henry Cavendish
      • Produced Hydrogen
  • 1845 Sir William Grove
      • “Father of fuel cell”
  • 1959 Francis T. Bacon
      • Tractor

http://www.hydrogenassociation.org/general/factSheet_history.pdf

in recent history
In Recent History
  • Very new technology commercially
  • Result of fossil fuel limitability
  • Under production
  • Requires a new field of economy
supporting evidence
Supporting Evidence
  • Fuel Cell Cars
  • Fuel Cell 18 wheelers
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_hydrogen_internal_combustion_engine_vehicles
  • Hydrogen Generators
  • http://www.trulitetech.com/datasheets/KH4_sm.pdf
  • Fuel Cell Buses
  • Fuel Cell Bikes
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_vehicle
evidence rebuttal
Evidence Rebuttal
  • Hydrogen's availability
  • Cost
  • Hydrogen is a gas
  • Danger
  • Requires Resources
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_economy
outlook on production
Outlook on Production
  • Natural Gases
  • From Coal
  • Nuclear Power
  • Renewable Resources
  • http://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/production.html
complications
Complications
  • Hard to store
  • Conversion to usable Hydrogen
  • Cost
  • Distribution
  • Wikipedia article on hydrogen
safety hazards
Safety Hazards

.

.

  • Hydrogen has the widest explosive/ignition mix range with air of all the gases except acetylene. That means that whatever the mix proportion between air and hydrogen, a hydrogen leak will lead to an explosion, not a mere flame.
  • Wikipedia article on hydrogen economy
solutions to problems
Solutions to Problems
  • Hydrogen transport vehicles
  • Fuel Cell Infrastructure
  • New Thermodynamically efficient Technologies
  • US DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Intrastructure Technologies Program
effects on the environment
Effects on the Environment
  • Emissions of CO2
    • Electrolysis of water
    • Fossil fuel reforming
  • By-products of hydrogen-nitrogen reactions in internal combustion engines
  • Leaked Hydrogen can become catalyst for ozone depletion
  • Wikipedia article on hydrogen economy
laws and regulations
Laws and Regulations
  • Flame detectors must be used
  • -Implementation of higher standards to detect early leaks
  • -“Standard for the installation of stationary fuel cell power systems” (Wiki)
  • - Codes and standards have been a major barrier to deploying hydrogen technologies and developing a hydrogen economy
  • -DOE is currently in the process of devising safety codes, standards and regulations
sustainability
Sustainability
  • Hydrogen can be produced in a variety of ways
  • -Most efficient way is by electrolysis of water
  • -Water can be recycled and used for drinking
  • -Overall sustainable as it is the most abundant element in the universe
efficiency
Efficiency
  • Hydrogen is an energy carrier, not a source
  • Relies on the use of other fuels to be used
  • Overall use of energy to create outweighs energy production
conclusion
Renewable

Better for the Environment

Good replacement for Gasoline?

Development

Conclusion