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Getting the Most from the Internet Keep Informed – Stay Involved The Internet and WWW Email MBMG Web Site PDFs Our Publications Organizing Your Own Files The Internet and the WWW are not the same thing the Internet ( Inter -connected net works)
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and the WWW
are not the same thing
The Internet is a massive network of networks.It connects millions of computers together globally, forming a network in which any computer can communicate with any other computer as long as they are both connected to the Internet. Information that travels over the Internet does so via a variety of languages known as protocols.
The Internet, not the Web, is used for email using SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).
is a way of accessing information over the medium of the Internet. It uses HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), one of the languages spoken over the Internet, to transmit data.
The Web utilizes browsers to access web documents called web pages that are linked to each other via hyperlinks. Web documents can also contain graphics, sounds, text and video.
Each computer that is connected to the Internet is identified by an individual IP (Internet Protocol) address like “220.127.116.11.” This enables computers to locate each other.
People have trouble remembering strings of numbers, so we use words like http://www.smartgardening.org
Typing http://18.104.22.168 (our IP address) also opens the Smart Gardening web site.
For lots of info about IPs and Domain names and DNS, read this article: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/dns.htm
As you can see, the Internet, the WWW and all the software that runs on your computer operate on systems of rules.
Those rules won’t change no matter how stupid you think they are or how loudly you yell at the monitor.
Your best bet is to learn as many rules as you can. Practice, practice, practice. In time it will all become easier.
Do some of the excellent tutorials online; search, for example, for “tutorial Word.”
An email without images is one file. An image is one file. A Word document is one file. A song on your mp3 player is one file.
A website is a collection of files, hopefully arranged in an orderly and pleasing way.
A browser (aka a GUI or Graphical User Interface) is a program like Safari, Google, Netscape, AOL, Internet Explorer or Firefox that displays your web pages and allows you to interact with them.
Browsers do not display web pages the same way, so one page can look surprisingly different on each browser – and on each computer monitor – and on Macs and PCs.
Your browser is your friend. Try out different browsers to find one that is comfortable.
A server is a “big” computer (Cruzio, GoDaddy, AOL, Yahoo) that can house gazillions of web sites and files.
Websites live on servers and your email account is handled by your Internet service provider’s (ISP) server.
When you ask your browser to show you a web page (by typing the address in the address bar or by clicking a hyperlink), it locates it on the server and brings it to you.
the name of the web site
tells any browser that this is a web page: Hyper Text
the domain: .org for organization; .com for commercial; etc.
indicates the kind of server: www or ftp or news or nntp; many URLs do not use the www prefix
Notice there are no spaces – ever.
The entire address is called a URL, Uniform Resource Locator
Internet Explorer (Microsoft) is used by nearly 70% of users, making it a good target for the bad guys who create things like viruses.
Other browsers like Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera, Camino and Safari are less interesting to bad guys and suffer fewer attacks.
Trojan horses are programs which pretend to do one thing, but in reality snoop out your personal data or damage it. They are usually quite hard to detect.
Worms are programs which are able to replicate themselves over a computer network and in turn perform malicious actions. As a result they have the ability to affect other programs on your computer.
Spyware is software that is installed surreptitiously on a personal computer to collect information about a user and his/her computer or browsing habits without the user's informed consent.
Viruses are programs which are able to log into the personal files on a computer and can actually remove or alter them.
Malware can be classified as trojans and are not detected by all anti-virus software. They may require the use of other software designed to detect them.
Adware automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertisements. Some types of adware are also spyware and can be classified as privacy-invasive software.
Sounds pretty ominous, but you will be safe with
A cookie is a piece of text that a web server can store on a user's hard disk. Cookies allow a web site to store information on a user's machine and later retrieve it.
When you visit a web site it might place a unique ID (cookie) on your hard drive. The next time you visit, the site will remember you.
Are cookies dangerous? No. A cookie is merely a piece of text, it is not a program, cannot be used as a virus, and cannot access your hard drive other than to be saved to it.
Most web browsers allow the user to accept or reject cookies, but rejection makes some websites unusable. For example, you can't make online purchases using a “shopping cart” if cookies are rejected (or not “enabled”).
Here is a site that shows how to enable cookies for versions of Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Netscape: http://www.google.com/cookies.html
To save the link to the MBMG site, click on this icon and drag it to your desktop (some browsers like Opera do not allow this).
Most browsers also allow you to save links to a Favorites or Bookmarks folder.
Contact: Liz Burns
Send a message to everyone at email@example.com or to individual recipients whose names you enter in the To box
Reply (or Replyto Sender) sends your reply only to the one person in the From list.
If you wish to send an off topic email, join firstname.lastname@example.org
Please do not ‘spam’ the group email with non-gardening related emails. Thank you.
It is possible to fill up your mailbox. Any new emails that arrive when your mailbox is full will “bounce” back to the sender. That means you won’t receive them.
It is therefore essential to delete emails that are no longer relevant, or save relevant emails in folders.
Group your emails to read, save or delete:Click on a heading Name (or From) alphabetizesDate lists newest to oldest Click again and the order is reversed
To remind yourself to revisit an email that requires attention, mark it as Unread.
To delete a large number of emails easily, click Name or From to sort by sender, then you can delete all the emails from a particular sender.
This email Inbox is sorted by date (and time), most recent first, by default.
Clicking From sorts alphabetically by name; click it again and it reverses the order Z to A.
You can also sort by subject or, in some email programs like Yahoo, even by the size (number of bytes) of the email
If you remember what the email was about, but not who sent it (or when, or the subject line) some email programs (Yahoo, Gmail) let you search by a word or phrase contained in the email
These features make it much easier to search for the email you just HAVE to find (so you can delete it – hint hint)
Essentially, all email software allows you to Attach an image or photograph to your email.
Some (Outlook Express, Gmail, Comcast, AOL) allow you to embed your photo right into the body of the message.
To Copy and Paste an image from a source on the Internet (a web page) into the body of your email message
If you upload your photos to an online photo site (Shutterfly, Photobucket, ImageShack, etc.), you can Copy and Paste those photos into your email messages.
Follow the directions to join (they’re free) and upload images from your computer
Open any page that displays your photos (in Shutterfly, you view them as a Slideshow)
Right-click or Select the photo you want to use, select Copy; Paste it into an email message that you’re composing (or drag and drop)
Yeah, it’s a long name…
The menu will take you to any page on the site.
On the homepage, the menu is to the left of the logo.
On all the other pages, the menu is at the top just under the title.
These ‘buttons’ at the bottom of the page will open sites that might be of interest.
“What’s Happening” and “GOTE”
Scroll down or click on the menu item.
Start here to see what has been added or updated.
On this page there are links to:
GOTEs since Feb 2006 (more to come)
Newsletters and websites of other MG groups around the country
Our sponsors’ websites
Within the password-protected section of the website you’ll find contact information for the Board, the monthly newsletter What’s Happening, and minutes from Board meetings.
To get to this section you’ll need to login—
username or login: mbmg
PDF stands for Portable Document Format.
They look the same on the screen and on paper.
They are printable.
Files are compressed so they load relatively quickly.
Both our publications are available as PDFs.
Anyone can view a PDF regardless of your operating system or browser with Adobe Reader, available for free from adobe.com.. .
They are fully searchable
You can change the text size
You can change the way you view pages: click through them one at a time or select different viewing options under View
If you save PDFs to your desktop (or to a Folder named appropriately) you can click on the links and they’ll open in new windows.
You can print the entire document or a range of pages.
‘Gardening on the Edge’
is published online monthly
includes the latest news from Coordinators and Board about events, advanced training and other internal information
repeats the information that is in the announcement email
is archived on the website
is published online quarterly
is archived on the website back to Feb 2006
contains no internal MBMG stuff
can be shared with your friends (we encourage it!)
A path to a file on your computer looks something like this:
The hierarchy of folders or directories
The drive on which the folders and file reside
The file Mygarden.doc is in the MBMG subfolder which is in the Documents subfolder which is in the Users folder on drive C.
If you have pictures, you need a Pictures folder.
If you attend a class, Classwork requires a folder and sub-categories.
If you also use your computer for work, make a Work folder.
Make folders for anything you need.
A file name like Resume is less useful than Resume_Sales_10_2004.
Do not use any punctuation other than an underscore _ or hyphen - .
Folders and files are listed alphabetically; place 01, 02, 03 or AAA, AAB at the beginning so that it will always be at the top of the list.
Set up subfolders within each category; into your folders, sort financial documents by year or type and family-related documents by person, for example.
You can rename folders and files:
Right-click and choose Rename from the menu;
type the new name but be sure to keep the file extension (.jpg, .doc, and so on)
The file bank1.jpg can be renamed bank01.jpg
Specify the default folder your computer saves files in. This is usually done in the Preferences menu.
In Word for Windows XP, for example,
pull down the Tools menu to Options
click on the File Locations tab
and click Modify
Use the Save As feature when you want to keep an unchanged version of a document.
You'll need to create new file name, which you can base on the old one or change completely.
A trick from old-school computer geeks:
Add V1, V2, V3 and so on at the end of a file name to track versions of a document you're modifying over time.
You won’t kill your computer or ruin any software by trying things out so click around and see what happens.
You CAN delete your documents accidentally, so be sure you Save often as you work.
Denise Weatherwax MG08
Keep Informed – Stay Involved