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Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema Choose Your Aquarium Type The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the requirements of the species you choose. Choose Your Aquarium Type Choose Your Aquarium Type Choose Your Aquarium Type Basic Needs Appropriate enclosure/housing

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Presentation Transcript
choose your aquarium type
Choose Your Aquarium Type

The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the requirements of the species you choose.

basic needs
Basic Needs
  • Appropriate enclosure/housing
  • Nutrition
  • Hygiene
  • Enrichment
enclosure components
Tank

Stand/Canopy

Lid/condenser

Lights

Temperature Control

Environmental Enrichment

Filtration

Location

Water Quality

Enclosure Components
enclosure components tank
Enclosure Components: Tank

Consider:

Size

Shape

Materials

Convenience

Aesthetics

enclosure components lid condenser
Why?

Keeps fish from jumping out

Prevents evaporation

Protects lights

Enclosure Components: Lid/Condenser
enclosure components lighting
Why?

Plant Growth

Coral Growth

Visualizing the Fish

Fish health

Enclosure Components: Lighting
enclosure components lighting12
Enclosure Components: Lighting

Considerations:

Fixtures

Ballast

Wavelength

Light Intensity

Reflectors

Photoperiod (12 hours)

enclosure components environmental enrichment
Why?

Evasion

Breeding

Quality of life

Express Personality

Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment
enclosure components plants
Enclosure Components: Plants

Why?

  • Oxygenation
  • Waste removal
  • Protection
filtration systems18
Filtration Systems
  • Considerations
  • Tank size
  • Stocking capacity
  • Water flow
  • Breeding
  • Aeration
filtration systems21
Filtration Systems

Protein Skimmer: Removes organic material from marine systems

filtration systems22
Filtration Systems

Underground filter: biological and mechanical

enclosure components location
Avoid:

windows/direct sunlight

drafty doors or fireplaces

vibrations/sharp noises

Enclosure Components: Location
water composition stock water
Water Composition: Stock Water
  • Know what is in your stock water
  • Test periodically
  • Alternatives available

Test for:

  • Chlorines
  • Copper
  • pH
  • Hardness
water composition testing
Fresh Water:

pH

Ammonia

Nitrite

Nitrate

Water Composition: Testing
  • Salt Water:
  • Salinity
  • Other:
  • Phosphate
  • Calcium
  • Strontium
water quality nitrogen cycle
Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle

badmanstropicalfish.com (originally from www.hagen.com)

water quality nitrogen cycle28
Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle

www.cichlid-forum.com

water quality cycling a new tank
Water Quality: Cycling A New Tank

Purpose: grow bacteria for nitrogen cycle

  • Takes 4-6 weeks

Tips:

  • “Seed” the tank
  • Monitor values closely
  • Avoid water changes
  • Can achieve without fish
water changes
Water Changes

Why?

  • Dilutes waste products
  • Corrects pH imbalances
  • Can reduce algae growth
performing water changes
Performing Water Changes
  • Regular water changes
  • 2% every 2 days
  • 4% every week
  • 20% a month
adding fish acclimation
Adding Fish: Acclimation
  • Temperature
  • Water composition
  • Environmental factors

How:

  • 15-30 min. for temperature
  • 15 minutes for water composition
nutrition
Nutrition

Dry:

Flakes

Pellets

Sticks

Floating

Sinking

Wafers

Seaweed

Live/Frozen:

Blood Worms

Daphnia

Brine Shrimp

Feeder fish

Plants

nutrition34
Nutrition
  • Know your fish
  • Observe mouth
  • Use dry food as staple
  • Supplement with fresh/frozen foods
  • Do not overfeed

Picture from Jeremy Gay’s The Perfect Aquarium

maintenance
Maintenance

Daily:

Feed

Monitor

Lighting

Weekly:

Replace evaporation

Water testing

Clean algae

Empty protein skimmer

maintenance36
Maintenance

Monthly:

Charcoal replacement

Plant maintenance

Electrical Inspection

6 mos. To Yearly:

Change light bulbs

additional considerations
Additional Considerations

Personal Safety

Euthanasia

Environmental Impact

Veterinary Care

references
References

Axelrod, Herbert. Handbook of Tropical Aquarium Fishes. Neptune City: TFH Publications. 1983.

Borneman, Eric. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry, and Natural History. Neptune City: T.H.F. Publications. 2001.

Fenner, Robert M. The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune city: T.F.H Publications. 2001.

Gay, Jeremy. The Perfect Aquarium: The Complete Guide to Setting Up and Maintaining an Aquarium. New York: Reader’s Digest. 2005.

Hawkins, A.D. Aquarium Systems. London: Academic Press. 1981

references39
References

Hemdal, Jay F. Aquarium Fish Breeding. New York: Barron’s. 2003.

Hiscock, Peter. Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. New York: Barron’s. 2003

Sandford, Gina. The Tropical Aquarium. New York: Barron’s. 2004.

Stoskopf, Michael. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Sauders Co. 1993.

Tullock, John. Water Chemistry for the Marine Aquarium. New York: Barron’s. 2002.

special thank you to
Special Thank You to:

Fish World

and

Aqua Pros

thank you questions
Thank You! Questions?

If you would like to learn more about fish (as well as coral and amphibian) husbandry, please contact me at jlgjelte@ncsu.edu.

I can help you get some hands-on experience!