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Examples of Critical Thinking. What is Critical Thinking?. CRITICAL THINKING is the active and systematic process of Communication Problem-solving Evaluation Analysis Synthesis Reflection both individually and in community to Foster understanding

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What is Critical Thinking?

CRITICAL THINKING is the active and systematic process of

  • Communication

  • Problem-solving

  • Evaluation

  • Analysis

  • Synthesis

  • Reflection

    both individually and in communityto

  • Foster understanding

  • Support sound decision-making and

  • Guide action


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Why is critical thinking important to students?

  • Critical thinking is critical to employers

    • Can you analyze situations?

    • Can you solve problems?

    • Can you communicate your position logically?

    • Can you make good decisions (based on data, not feelings)?


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Why is critical thinking important to student learning?

  • College-level learning is deeper than memorizing facts:

    • Science – analyzing results of experiments in light of existing theories

    • Math – selecting appropriate problem-solving strategy for word problems

    • Humanities – putting literature and art into historical context

    • Health fields – evaluating patients and making decisions in clinical settings

    • Communications – debate; persuasive writing

    • Criminal justice/fire science – reacting correctly to simulations

    • Political science/sociology – analyzing others’ points of view


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Why is critical thinking important to society?

  • Failure in critical thinking are disastrous

    • Space Shuttle Columbia

    • Levee construction in New Orleans

  • Faulty critical thinking can lead to wrong conclusions

    • Biased polls adversely affect public opinion

    • 80 percent of Americans think the government is hiding knowledge of the existence of aliens. 3 million Americans believe they've had a possible encounter with aliens


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Students’ What’s in it for me?

  • Critical thinking in the world of work

    • Medical – evaluating patients’ symptoms

    • Technology – problem-solving software/engineering solutions

    • Counter-terrorism – synthesizing intelligence to predict future events

    • Criminal justice/fire science – analyzing the scene – whodunit?

    • Government – solving problems like hurricane relief

    • Education – reflecting on student success resulting from your teaching

    • Business – analyzing information to detect trends; ethical decisions

    • Journalism – communicating fairly


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Students’ What’s in it for me? (continued)

  • Critical thinking in everyday life:

    • How should I prepare for a hurricane? Should I evacuate?

    • What is the safest way to travel?

    • What is the slant of a news story?

    • What are my real chances of winning the lottery?

    • Why is my good friend angry at me?

    • What questions should I ask myself and my partner before getting married?

    • Which phone company plan is best for my needs?