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District-wide Anti-Bullying Program and Its Impact on Student Learning . Jean Greco, Program Supervisor of K-12 Guidance jgreco@cpsed.net Karen Carnevale, Elementary School Counselor kcarnevale@cpsed.net Cranston (Rhode Island) Public Schools. ASCA 2006 Conference, Chicago, Illinois.

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District-wide Anti-Bullying Program and Its Impact on Student Learning

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district wide anti bullying program and its impact on student learning

District-wide Anti-Bullying Program and Its Impact on Student Learning

Jean Greco, Program Supervisor of K-12 Guidancejgreco@cpsed.net

Karen Carnevale, Elementary School Counselorkcarnevale@cpsed.net

Cranston (Rhode Island) Public Schools

ASCA 2006 Conference, Chicago, Illinois

bullying statistics
Bullying Statistics
  • Six out of 10 American teens witness bullying at least once a day. National Crime Prevention Council, 2003
  • Approximately 5% of students reported in 2003 that they had either skipped school or avoided specific places at school because they were fearful
  • 29% percent of public schools reported that student bullying occurred on a daily or weekly basis. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2003
  • For children in grades 6–10, nearly one in six—or 3.2 million—are victims of bullying each year and 3.7 million are bullies. Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, September 2003
more disturbing statistics
More Disturbing Statistics
  • Playground statistics: Every 7 minutes a child is bullied.
    • Adult intervention: 4%
    • Peer intervention: 11%
    • No intervention: 85%
  • Nearly 60 percent of boys who researchers classified as bullies in grades 6–9 were convicted of at least one crime by the age of 24; 40 percent of them had three or more convictions by 24. Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2003
  • Harassment and bullying have been linked to 75 percent of school-shooting incidents, including the fatal shootings at Columbine High School near Littleton, Colorado, and Santana High School in Santee, California. US Secret Service Report, 2002
cranston public schools definition of bullying
Cranston Public SchoolsDefinition of Bullying

Bullying occurs when an individual or group, while at school, intentionally assaults, batters, threatens, harasses, stalks, menaces, intimidates, extorts, humiliates, taunts, shuns or maliciously spreads rumors about others or participates in the organizing of others to engage in any of the aforementioned.





Pushing, kicking, hitting, any use of violence

racial taunts, graffiti, gestures

unwanted physical attention or contact, sexually abusive comments

focusing on sexuality or sexual preference

Bullying: verbal, written or physical behavior usually of some duration

Social Emotional

Intentionally unfriendly



Spreading rumors


Deliberately excluding

Treating with disrespect

Tormenting (i.e. hiding books, threatening gestures)

ri general assembly
In February 2003 declared “that bullying disrupts a school’s ability to educate students and threatens public safety by creating an atmosphere in which such behavior can escalate into violence”

By September 2004 required every district to have policy that addresses bullying and ensures protection of the right of all students to learn in a safe and supportive environment free from harassment, intimidation or bullying.

RI General Assembly
cranston public schools policy
Cranston Public Schools Policy

“The Cranston Public Schools recognizes that each student, staff member, teacher, and administrator has a right to attend/or work in schools, that are safe and secure and are conducive to learning, free from threat of physical or emotional harm, actual or implied. It is the policy of the CPS that harassment and/or bullying of students by other students, personnel, or the public will not be tolerated.”

anti bullying policy
Anti-Bullying Policy

“This policy is in effect while students are:

  • on school grounds
  • property immediately adjacent
  • using school transportation
  • at bus stops
  • attending school-sponsored activities
  • and while away from school grounds if the misconduct directly affects the good order, efficient management, and welfare of the school district.”
anti bullying implementation plan
Anti-BullyingImplementation Plan
  • Established a Collaborative Environment
  • Identified Desired Outcomes
  • Determined Professional Development Need
  • Provided Professional Development Beginning with Administrators
  • Administrators Responsible for Implementing Program in Their Schools
  • Schools had Flexibility in Their Design
  • Created Advocacy Projects
  • Collected and Analyzed Data
elementary interventions
Elementary Interventions
  • Developmental Guidance Lessons
  • Individual Counseling
  • Small Group Sessions
  • School-wide Assemblies
  • School-wide Programs
  • Data Collection and Analysis
comparison of two elementary schools
Comparison ofTwo Elementary Schools

“Do Bullies Go Away if You Ignore Them?”

middle school interventions
Middle School Interventions
  • School-wide Intervention Plans
  • Faculty Workshops with Guest Speakers
  • School-wide Programs/Assemblies
    • Project Respect
    • Words of Wisdom
  • Classroom Developmental Guidance Lessons

Middle School Interventions

  • Small Groups for Offenders
  • Students as Mediators
  • Parent Education (Pamphlets, Meetings, Guest Speakers)
  • Staff Monitoring of Unstructured Areas
  • Community Involvement
high school interventions
High School Interventions
  • Motivational Assemblies
  • Advisories
  • Freshmen Mentoring
  • Activity Programs
  • Diversity Week
  • Mix It Up for Lunch Day
  • Project Respect
data collection analysis
Administrators’ pre and post survey

Student pre and post survey

Staff survey

Discipline data

School climate SALT data

Data Collection & Analysis

Administrators’ Pre/Post Survey (2005-2006)

“My School Has a Bullying Problem.”

lessons learned
Collect/Analyze Data

Plan Program

Educate Staff

Educate Students

Educate Parents

Be Proactive

Be Consistent

Apply School-wide

Lessons Learned
  • The Bully, the Bullied, and the Bystander by Barbara Coloroso
  • Odd Girl Out by Rachel Simmons
  • Bully Free Classroom by Allan Beane www.freespirit.com
  • www.operationrespect.org
  • www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.gov
  • www.fcclainc.org
  • www.safeteen.ca
  • www.teachingtolerance.org
  • www.cscor.org