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Introduction to Construction Introduction to Construction The construction course is one of continuous development throughout 2, 3 or 4 years through: formal teaching of technical knowledge self directed learning, including working individually and in groups of increasing complexity

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introduction to construction2
Introduction to Construction
  • The construction course is one of continuous development throughout 2, 3 or 4 years through:
  • formal teaching of technical knowledge
  • self directed learning, including working individually and in groups of increasing complexity
introduction to construction3
Introduction to Construction
  • The construction units are very career orientated, giving technical information and developing the skills required by industry.
  • Due to the increasing complexity of site management, good technical and communication skills and the ability to work in groups of specialists are vital requirements.
introduction to construction4
Typical skills are

Good communicator

Technical understanding

Use of IT

Group Working

Business understanding

Introduction to Construction

Year 1

Technical

Drawing & IT

Skills

Year 4

Managerial

Reports

construction practice
Construction Practice
  • Aims:
  • To introduce RISK MANAGEMENT, including Health & Safety and Environmental issues relevant to the construction site.
  • To introduce the various parties involved in a construction project.
  • To introduce the methods of working and construction techniques.
construction practice6
Construction Practice
  • Methods:
  • Formal lectures
  • Continuous project based learning
  • Construction site visits
  • Assessment:
  • 100% by project coursework plus site test
construction practice7
Construction Practice
  • Staff: Lion Gate Room 1.33
  • J Reynolds Careers advice, CEM Tutor
  • A Petersen CEM Course Leader
  • A Tutesigensi MSc Course Leader,Research
  • Staff are only available during lecture and tutorial times – all questions outside of these times should be sent via ‘PROJECT TALK’
the project life cycle

Identification of need

Demolition

  • RISKS
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • HEALTH & SAFETY
  • FINANCE
  • QUALITY

RISKS

Planning

Operate & Maintain

Construction

Design

THE PROJECT LIFE CYCLE
hazard risk management
Hazard & Risk Management
  • Identification of hazards
  • Elimination and control of risks
  • Avoiding accidents and injuries
  • Avoiding occupational ill health
  • It is also about:
    • Avoiding abortive work
    • Avoiding financial loss
    • Professional responsibilities
    • Complying with statutory obligations
    • Avoiding fines and prison sentences
hazard risk management13
Hazard & Risk Management
  • “Designers create many of the risks,
  • Contractors can mostly only manage the risks,
  • while the workers have to endure them.
  • Clients must learn more about their responsibilities and think about the risks.
  • Construction professionals are involved at all stages. We need to work together to ensure consistently high standards.”

John Barber MA LLB CEng FICE MHKIE FCIArb

Barrister to ICE

characteristics of the construction industry
Characteristics of the Construction Industry

National Importance:

  • Difficult to define (DIY etc)
  • Annual turnover varies widely
  • About £80,000m to £100,000m per year
  • Employs about 6 to 8% of national workforce
  • Major Health & Safety and Environment issues
slide15
PROJECTS
  • Mostly unique
  • Long duration
  • Outside
  • Price often fixed by competitive tender

COMPANIES

  • Client /Promoter - provides finance
  • Designer
  • Contractor
slide16
COMPANIES
  • Clients - Government, Industrial, Commercial
  • Designers - Consultant Engineers & Architects
  • Contractors - Civil Engineering, Building, General
      • Specialists - Earthworks, Demolition, Steelwork etc.
  • Size - 90% employ less than 20 people Small firms carry out approx. 30% work Large firms usually multi-disciplinary
  • Materials - Manufacture, Supplier
  • Project Management - Quantity surveying etc.
slide17
The UK Construction Industry is rapidly

moving towards :-

  • Design & Build ( & Operate ) Contracts
  • Use of specialist sub-contractors
  • Main Contractor acting in a management role
  • ‘Fast Track’ construction

Construction courses have to reflect this

changing model.

history of a project construction is the last phase of a series of interrelated activities
History of a ProjectConstruction is the last phase of a series of interrelated activities

1 Idea - the establishment of a need

2 Feasibility study

Market forecast

Investigations of various possibilities

Planning

3 Comparison of alternatives – economic appraisal

slide19

4 Recommendation of specific project

5 Site Investigation

6 Detailed Design

7 Contract preparation - Conditions

- Roles & Responsibilities

- Risk Allocation

8 Invitations to Tender

9 Approval of Tender

10 Construction

alternative contract methods
Alternative Contract Methods

4 Recommendation of specific project

5 Site Investigation

6 Detailed Design

7 Contract preparation - Conditions - Roles & Responsibilities

- Risk Allocation

8 Invitations to Tender

9 Approval of Tender

10 Construction

Design & Construct

Alternative Design

pre construction phase
Pre Construction Phase
  • 1 Contractor receives invitation to tender
  • 2 Preparation of tender - Site location, access etc

- Ground Conditions

- Method of working - plant, labour & materials

- RISK ASSESSMENT

  • 3 Obtain costs from suppliers
  • 4 Additional costs - Overheads, supervision and financing
  • 5 Submit tender to Client or Engineer
construction phase
Construction Phase

6 Detailed programme of work

7 Health & Safety and Environment plan

8 Construction

- site accommodation, services, hoardings etc

- site clearance, bulk excavation

- excavate and construct foundations

- construct frame / walls

- cladding, roof, weatherproof

- internal finishes, external services

www civil port ac uk

Civil Engineering

part of the faculty of environment

about us

Civil Engineering

courses

research

staff

  • Teaching related informationIncludes course documents, committee minutes, past examination papers and timetables.
  • Subject Areas:
    • Common Skills
    • Communications
    • Construction
    • The Design Thread
      • Intro to Design
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Intro to Web Publishing
    • Management
    • Materials and Geotechnics
    • Project downloads
    • Structures
    • Surveying

contact us

resources and facilities

higher degree by research

student projects

student intranet

www.civil.port.ac.uk
slide34
Tutorial for week 1
  • access web page
  • construction practice
  • week 1 lecture notes
  • project button under schematic to access map
  • Incinerator project