Seattle Film Institute. Digital Video Intensive. james eaton. firstname.lastname@example.org www.videobeach.com. my promise to you. At the end of this class you won’t be afraid of digital video!. dv websites. Class website, www.videobeach.com/sfi.htm Digitalvideoediting.com
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Digital Video Intensive
Broad price range in DV/HDV cameras
Panasonic AG-DVX200 & Sony HVR Z1U , the hot cameras today
~$5,000+ depending on accessories
Next year something else will be the camera
Plenty of DV models between $400 and $1500
You can make a movie with any of these!
Get to know your DV camera
Find the “gozintas” & “gozoutas”
Mini-DV, DVCAM, HDV, DVCPRO(HD)
DV specs are identical, the rest is marketing
HDV different from DVCPRO HD
Locate the buttons, learn the menus
Have no fear, shoot stuff, learn the quirks of your camera
Tripod v. handheld
Steadicam, monopod, cranes, remote rigs
Photo = Light Graph = Record
White balance and color temperature
Where are you shooting? Indoors, outside or a mix of both?
Focus, or you don’t have a shot!
Pros don’t rely on auto-focus or auto-anything
Progressive v. interlace, 24p v. 30i
4:3 v. 16:9, film v. tape, yadda, yadda…
Sound: It’s half the show!
The on-board mic probably sucks!
If you’re a serious filmmaker a decent mic is mandatory
$150 and (way) up
Shotgun or lavaliere, wireless or hardwire?
Depends on the situation
Easy to rent what you don’t have
Dedicated sound person
Movies have a sound department
Documentary and news crews may have a sound person
What if the sound person is you?
Test, playback -- then do it again.
Use headphones w/o fail!
If working from a script, break it down for all sound elements
There’s a lot more than sync lines.
If shooting non-fiction get plenty of sound from the locations
Room tone, very important
Take the time to get :30 “ambience” on every set up
What other audio elements do you need?
General downtown bustle, office atmosphere, footsteps, car engine running from inside/outside the car etc. etc. etc.
Think how you want your scene to sound.
For the Mac, a few choices
Final Cut Pro HD, $999 (Studio bundle, $1299)
Avid Xpress DV, $799
Final Cut Express, <$100
iMovie, free bundle w/Macs
For the PC, choices galore
Sony Vegas, $499 (my personal choice)
Bundled w/DVD Architect (authoring), $699
Adobe Premier Pro, ~$700
Adobe Video Collection, ~$1500
Premier, AE (lite), Audition (music), Encore (DVD authoring)
Avid Xpress DV4, ~$700
Vegas Movie Studio (Vegas lite), $100
Windows Movie Maker, free bundle w/WinOS
Plenty of others from <$100 to $10,000
Many offer free 30 day trial downloads! Try it.
For Apple folks…
Pretty much any Mac right out of the box!
Serious work needs a G4 or better w/latest system
For the PC: Minimum specs
500GHz Pentium/Athlon class CPU
Just say no to Celeron/Duron/Sempron
512Mb RAM (more is better)
60Gb system drive (keep apps and media separate)
80Gb media drive (more is better)
OHCI approved 1394 I/O card
Cards alone start ~$25
Some cards are bundled w/NLE
Windows XP Pro/Home
Forget Windows 2000, 9x or Me
Firewire (Apple), i-Link (Sony), IEEE 1394 (Generic)
NLE controls the camera via 1394
Your computer needs 1394 card for video I/O
Hard Drive, minimum 7200 RPM
One hour of DV = 13Gb
Drives are cheap these days, recently purchased Seagate ext 300Gb HD, $149.99 300 Gb int $89.99 (after rebates) @ Fry’s (10/28/05)
Keep applications separate from the media drive
More efficient use of system capabilities
Capturing is a simple file transfer from your camera to your computer’s hard drive, via 1394, using a capture application
A capture app will come with most NLE products
3rd party products are also available
5:1 compression happens in camera, no further compression is added by NLE
Outline or treatment
What about non-fiction?
Requires a script breakdown
Casting, wardrobe, set, props, locations
Logistics of the whole thing
©2005 James Eaton Associates Inc.