What is a bibliography? • When you write a research report, you will use many different sources to get your information. You may find information in newspapers, magazines, and encyclopedias, as well as using the internet. • You must always give credit to those authors whose work you include in your paper. You can do this through the use of footnotes, and a BIBLIOGRAPHY page which is placed at the end of your report.
There are several different ways of formatting bibliography entries, but the examples in the following pages are typical of the most common styles. • Notice that the lines below the top line are indented. This is done to make it easier to identify each entry, as well as putting the entries in alphabetical order.
When you are required to write a research paper, ask the teacher if he/she has a preferred format for bibliography entries. If the answer is yes, you should ask for examples of the required format. • Otherwise, the following examples should be followed:
Examples of Bibliography Entry • Books • Magazine Articles • Print Encyclopedias • Electronic Encyclopedias • Newspaper Articles • E-mail • World Wide Web
Books Author’s last name, first name. Title. City : Publisher, Date of publication. Johnson, Alan. The History of Aviation. New York: Trent Publishing Inc., 1989.
Magazine Article Author’s last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Magazine name. (date). Pages. Smith, Mary. “Ten Steps to Successful Writing.” Newsweek. (June 2000):34– 41.
Print Encyclopedia “Title of Article.” Encyclopedia name. (Edition date.) : Pages. “Ronald Reagan.” World Book. (1990 ed.) :563–589.
Newspaper Article Author. “Title of Article” Newspaper name.Section: page number. Goodman, Joe.“The Winter Olympics.” Detroit Free Press. B:4 – 5.
Electronic Encyclopedia “Title of Article.” Title of Resource. Year of publication. “Brazil.” The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. 1999.
Electronic Mail (e-mail) author of e-mail. “Subject.” [Online]. receiver’s e-mail from sender’s e-mail address : date of message. Donaldson, Eric. “Lighthouses of the Great Lakes.” [Online]. firstname.lastname@example.org from email@example.com : May 5, 2002.
World Wide Web Author. “Title of item.” [Online]. Available http://address/filename : (date of document) or (date of visit). DePillo, Alice. “Guidelines for Developing Projects.” [Online]. Available http://www.use.net/-projects/writing.html : January 2002.