BIBLIOGRAPHY STYLES FOR PRINT AND ELECTRONIC RESOURCES What is a bibliography? When you write a research report, you will use many different sources to get your information. You may find information in newspapers, magazines, and encyclopedias, as well as using the internet.
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There are several different ways of formatting bibliography entries, but the examples in the following pages are typical of the most common styles.
When you are required to write a research paper, ask the teacher if he/she has a preferred format for bibliography entries. If the answer is yes, you should ask for examples of the required format.
Author’s last name, first name. Title. City : Publisher, Date of publication.
Johnson, Alan. The History of Aviation. New York: Trent Publishing Inc., 1989.
Author’s last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Magazine name. (date). Pages.
Smith, Mary. “Ten Steps to Successful Writing.” Newsweek. (June 2000):34– 41.
“Title of Article.” Encyclopedia name. (Edition date.) : Pages.
“Ronald Reagan.” World Book. (1990 ed.) :563–589.
Author. “Title of Article” Newspaper name.Section: page number.
Goodman, Joe.“The Winter Olympics.” Detroit Free Press. B:4 – 5.
“Title of Article.” Title of Resource. Year of publication.
“Brazil.” The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. 1999.
author of e-mail. “Subject.” [Online]. receiver’s e-mail from sender’s e-mail address : date of message.
Donaldson, Eric. “Lighthouses of the Great Lakes.” [Online]. firstname.lastname@example.org from email@example.com : May 5, 2002.
Author. “Title of item.” [Online]. Available http://address/filename : (date of document) or (date of visit).
DePillo, Alice. “Guidelines for Developing Projects.” [Online]. Available http://www.use.net/-projects/writing.html : January 2002.