BASIC LINGUISTIC CONCEPTS. by Don L. F. Nilsen. LIN 516 CARDS. Your name (first name first) LIN 516 Fall, 2009 Local address & zip Permanent Address & zip Non-ASU e-mail Languages you’ve studied 1 st six years of life: State or Country Tentative title of research paper (see next slide).
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by Don L. F. Nilsen
The The Impotence of Proofreading (Taylor Mali):
Victor Borge Phonetic Punctuation
Analysis vs. Synthesis:
Parsing vs. Generative Grammar
Denotation vs. Connotation:
Pro-Choice vs. Pro-Life views of “abortion”
Systematic vs. Accidental Gaps:
“schplick” vs. “blick”
Prescriptive Adequacy: What people should do
Descriptive Adequacy: What people do do
Explanatory Adequacy: Patterns, Trends, and Predictions
Evaluative Adequacy: Based on Elegance
Syntax Allotag Tagmeme
Morphology Allomorph Morpheme
Graphology Allograph Grapheme
Phonology Allophone Phoneme
Pragmatics Allobehavior Behavioreme
Pragmatics (Context, Deictics, Anaphora, Speech Acts, Conversational Implicatures, Intent, Felicity Conditions)
Semantics Alloseme Sememe
SPEAKING, PARLANT, VARIES:
CONTRAST SOUNDS, SPELLINGS AND MEANINGS:
Antonyms: tall vs. short
Converses: buy vs. sell
Cognates: embarrassed vs. embarazada
Heteronyms: minute vs. minute
Homographs: bank vs. bank
Homonyms: Homographs or Homophones
Homophones: too vs. two vs. to
Hyponyms: metaphor vs. metaphor
Synonyms: big vs. large
AMBIGUITY: Take your pick! Call me a taxi!
ANOMALY: She wanted a gnepf. John me cow a gave.
PARAPHRASE: William hit a policeman. Bill hit John.
vs. Bill slugged a cop. vs. John was hit by Bill.
Clark, Virginia P., Paul A. Eschholz, and Alfred F. Rosa, eds. Language: Readings in Language and Culture, 6th Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.
Eschholz, Paul, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark, eds. Language Awareness: Readings for College Writers, 10th Edition. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2009.
Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman, and Nina Hyams. An Introduction to Language, 8th Edition. Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth, 2007.
Mey, Jacob. Pragmatics: An Introduction, 2nd Edition. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2001.