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Sentinel Asia Disaster Management Support System in the Asia-Pacific Region. Masahiko Honzawa Asia Branch of the Disaster Management Support Systems Office, Satellite Applications and Promotion Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). 1 . Current Status 1.1 Results so far

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Sentinel Asia

Disaster Management Support System

in the Asia-Pacific Region

Masahiko Honzawa

Asia Branch of the Disaster Management Support Systems Office,

Satellite Applications and Promotion Center,

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)


. Current Status

1.1 Results so far

1.2 Requisites to make useful and fruitful

2. Implementation Plan

2.1 Approach and Philosophy

2.2 Framework

2.3 Main Activities

2.4 Information-sharing Platform

2.5 Sharing Data

2.6 Milestones

3. Introduction of Web site


http://www.aprsaf.org/

  • Established in 1993 after the Asia-Pacific International Space Year Conference (APIC) in 1992

  • Enhance the development of space programs in the Asia-Pacific region and promote regional cooperation in the field of space technology and its applications.

  • [Participation]Space agencies, related governments, regional and international organizations, institutions responsible for applying space technology.

  • [Organizers] MEXT, JAXA and co-host organizations

  • Past co-organizers: Government entities of Mongolia, Malaysia, The Republic of Korea, Thailand, Australia

Working Groups

Earth

Observation

Communication Satellite

Applications

ISS

Space Education &

Awareness

Sentinel Asia Project

establishing Disaster Management

Support System

The 13th Session of APRSAF (APRSAF-13)

5-7 Dec. 2006 in Jakarta Indonesia


1 1 results so far
1.1Results so far

Results after APRSAF-12, Oct 2005, Kitakyushu, which approved the

plan to initiate the pilot project are as follows:

(1) Organization of JPT and Start of Activities

  • In the 1st Joint Project Team (JPT) Meeting, Feb 2006, Hanoi, Sentinel Asia project was initiated and the implementation plan and JPT membership were discussed.

  • In the 2nd JPT Meeting, June 2006, Bangkok, the status and evolution of Sentinel Asia was confirmed and Wildfire working group (WG) and Flood WG were launched.

  • JPT consists of total 52 organizations including 45 agencies from 19 countries and 7 international organizations.


(2) Open of Web Site

  • Operations of Sentinel Asia have been started from 24. Oct 2006. by opening its web site.

    (3)Outreach Activities

  • ACDR2006: March 2006 Soul, Korea

  • 21st CEOS WGISS: May 2006 Budapest, Hungary

  • 49th UN COPUOS: June 2006 Vienna, Austria

  • GEO SEA Disaster Geohazards Workshop: June 2006, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  • ASEAN COST+3: August 2006 Kuantan, Malaysia

  • UN ESCAP

    Regional Working Group: Sept 2006 Hong Kong, China

    High-level Expert Group Meeting: October 2006 Taejon, Korea

    12th ICC on RESAP: October 2006 Taejon, Korea


1 2 requisites to make useful and fruitful
1.2Requisites to make Useful and Fruitful

(1)The more data (satellite image, digital camera image and regional fine map), the better

・ As many satellites as possible are welcomed to join

・Expected cooperation with other initiatives

ASEAN Archives, GEO Grid, GEO Netcast, CEOS WGISS,

International Charter, etc.

(2)The quicker, the better

・ To provide satellite images immediately after disaster

・ As many satellites as possible are welcomed to join in order to increase opportunity to observe

(3)The more value-added and easy-to-understand, the better

・ To provide analyzed images by specialists


(4)Capacity building for users of disaster management organizations

・To incorporate Sentinel Asia in capacity building activities of each agency

(5)To start Wildfire and Flood monitoring web site as soon as possible

・To provide routine monitoring data for precipitation, heavy rain, hot spots

and satellite images of flood or wildfire area

(6)To improve Internet environment in each country

・To utilize WINDS from 2008


organizations. Current Status

1.1 Results so far

1.2 Requisites to make useful and fruitful

2. Implementation Plan

2.1 Approach and Philosophy

2.2 Framework

2.3 Main Activities

2.4 Information-sharing Platform

2.5 Sharing Data

2.6 Milestones

3. Introduction of Web site


Jaxa vision of a disaster management support system in the asia pacific region
JAXA Vision of a organizationsDisaster Management Support Systemin the Asia-Pacific Region

Ultra high-speed communication satellite

Very large mobile communication satellite

Positioning Satellites

Earth observation satellites

Disaster monitoring

Data collection

Information delivering to personal terminals

Information center

Ground observation network

Residents in disaster areas

Providing services directly to personal terminals in disaster areas


2.1 Approach and Philosophy organizations

  • Contribution to disaster management in the Asia-Pacific region aiming at:

    • To construct life first society by ICT and Space technology

    • To improve speed and accuracy for disaster preparedness and early warning

    • To minimize victims and social economic losses

  • Stepwise approach

    • Step1: Utilization of earth observation satellite data for disaster management and

      construction of disaster information sharing platform, which is called “Sentinel Asia

      Project” (2006-2007)

    • Step2: Utilization of satellite communications system besides earth observation satellites

      (2008-2009)

    • Step3: Establishment of comprehensive disaster management support system (2010 and

      onwards )

  • Cooperation among existing communities

  • Best-efforts-basis and voluntary initiativesby participating organizations

    2.2 Framework

  • Joint Project Team(JPT) consists of total 51 organizations including 44 agencies from 18 countries and 7 international organizations

  • JAXA has established two project offices in Tokyo and Bangkok


Framework of sentinel asia
Framework of Sentinel Asia organizations

Voluntary and best-efforts-basis initiative by participating organizations

Space Community

International Community

APRSAF*

UN / ESCAPUN / OOSA

ASEAN AIT etc.

Content

Satellite Image

Promotion of Utilization

International Cooperation

Sentinel Asia

Capacity Building

* Asia-Pacific Regional

Space Agency Forum

* Asian Disaster Reduction Center

Joint Project Team (JPT)

Join Project Team consists of total 51 organizations including 44 agencies from 18 countries and 7 international organizations as of July 2006.

Digital Earth / Web-GIS

Community

Disaster Reduction Community

Digital Asia

ADRC**

Member Countries

Information Sharing Platform

Web-GIS

Data / Meta Data Management

Content

Disaster Information

Content

** Asian Disaster Reduction Center

Utilization (User)

Digital Map

Social / Economic Data

Satellite Image


Structure of sentinel asia
Structure of Sentinel Asia organizations

UN/ESCAP UN/OOSA

ASEAN AIT

Data Provider Nodes

Operate own satellite reception facilities and provide

earth observation satellite imagery in near real-time

International Community

Local Service Provider Nodes

(User Nodes)

Promote utilization of satellite imagery for local disaster organizations

APRSAF

Research and Training Nodes

Capacity building and development of new products

Sentinel Asia

JPT

Technical Implementation Team

Support data providers for their implementation and operation of Digital Asia server and to

establish Implementation Plan (IP)

Space Community

Wildfire Working Group

ADRC

Member Countries

Flood Working Group

Secretariat

JAXA Project Office in Tokyo and Bangkok

Disaster Reduction

Community

Digital Asia

Digital Earth / Web-GIS

Community


Jpt member

JPT Member organizations

JPT Member


ADRC Member Countries organizations

25 Member Countries, 5 Advisor Countries, 1Observer

Pakistan as 25th Member country from July 2005

Pakistan

※Implement Various Projects in cooperation with UN/ISDR, UN/OCHA, UNESCO,

UNU, WMO, UN/ESCAP, etc.


Adrc member countries
ADRC Member Countries organizations


2.3 Main Activities organizations

  • Emergency observation in case of major disasters by ALOS and others

  • ALOS accepts observation requests from ADRC members and others

  • Wildfire monitoring by MODIS

  • Flood monitoring by TRMM and AMSER-E

  • Capacity building for utilization of satellite images for disaster management



ALOS Observation Request organizations

JAXA accepts ALOS observation request from ADRC member countries and space agencies of JPT through ADRC

ADRC

Asian Disaster

JAXA

Satellite

Management

image

(Asian Disaster Reduction Center)

Agencies

request

Order Desk

25 ADRC member

countries

Disaster!!

ADRC disaster information

Observation Planning

GIS service(public)

Using satellite images

ALOS data

ALOS observation

On-line satellite data

Disaster info management

provision

(specific users)

Internet access

(in the future)

Digital Asia info

other agencies'

satellites

sharing platform


Sentinel asia wildfire monitoring
Sentinel Asia Wildfire Monitoring organizations

  • Wildfire Working Group has been organized:

    Leader is Prof. M. Fukuda of Hokkaido Univ.

  • Purpose

    ・ Regional contribution to the Asia-Pacific region

    ・Global contribution to prevention of global warming

  • Main Activities

      ・Establishment and improvement of early Wildfire Detection based on

    MODIS data

    ・To provide hot spot information and satellite images on Web-GIS

    ・Development of Wildfire expansion forecasting

    ・Serving value-added information to Forest Fire Control Agency


Wildfire Location organizations

Corps Location

Base Location

Map

Overlaid Image

Sentinel Asia (MODIS WildfireMonitoring)

Hokkaido Univ.(Japan)

Satellite observation network

AIT/Tokyo Univ. (Thailand)

Integration by Digital Asia Web-GIS interface(Keio Univ.)

CRISP (Singapore)

MainActivities

・Establishment and Improvement of Early Wildfire

Detection based on MODIS

・Development of Wildfire Expansion Forecasting

・Serving Value-Added Information to Forest

Fire Control Agency

Wildfire map of Asia

CSIRO (Australia)


Sentinel asia flood working group
Sentinel Asia Flood Working Group organizations

  • Flood Working Group has been organized:

    Leader is Mr. K. Fukami of ICHARM

  • Purpose

    Contribution to flood disaster management in the Asia-Pacific

    region by space, GIS, information technology

  • Main Activities

    ・Monitoring of Heavy Rainfall and Flood Inundation Area

    ・Precipitation and Flood Inundation on Web GIS

    ・Flood Alert for Specific River Basins


Sentinel asia flood monitoring
Sentinel Asia Flood Monitoring organizations

Observation

Processing

Integration

Rainfall

Measurement

by Satellite

Downscaling

in Time and

Space

  • Sentinel

  • Asia

  • - Social Economic Data

  • Map Data

  • ・Monitoring of

  • Heavy Rainfall and

  • Flood Inundation

  • Area

  • ・Precipitation and

  • Flood Inundation

  • on Web GIS

  • ・Flood Alert for

  • Specific River

  • Basins

Rainfall

Monitoring

&

Flood

Forecasting

・Rainfall

Data

・Precipitation

Map

・Heavy Rainfall

Information

・Flood Forecasting

Information

GFAS*, IFAS**...

TRMM, GPM, AMSR-E...

Land

Observation

by Satellite

Image

Analysis

・Flood

Inundation

Map

Flood

Detection

&

Situation

Analysis

・Land

Image

JAXA, ICHARM, Dartmouth University...

ALOS, MODIS, AMSR-E....

Users

Residents in Flood-prone Area

・Planning

・Warning

・Evacuation

・Rescue

・Remediation

Disaster Management Organizations

*GFAS : Global Flood Alert System (by IFNet)

**IFAS : Integrated Flood Analysis System (by ICHARM)


2.4 Information-sharing Platform organizations

  • Digital Asia (Internet-based Web-GIS) is used

    • All the data on a Digital Asia server are open to the general public on the Internet as public assets

    • Sentinel-Asia is an application of the Digital Asia for disaster management objectives

  • We can see satellite images overlaid on maps with disaster-related information on the Internet

  • We can easily upload data by putting them on a Digital Asia server (OGC-based)

    • Technical Implementation Team will support you

    • Digital Asia server (Hardware) can be provided by Digital Asia if requested


2.5 Sharing Data organizations

Sentinel Asia deals with only disaster-related data / images in the Asia-Pacific region.

  • Disaster information in the Asia-Pacific region provided by ADRC

  • Digital maps data

    • A millionth digital map stored in Digital Earth server in Keio Univ. provided by NGA (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency), which covers the whole Asia area (as a default)

    • Fine regional digital maps (wanted)

  • Satellite images (processed image data)

    • LANDSAT images before disaster archived in a Digital Earth server in Keio Univ. provided by Maryland Univ., which covers the whole Asia area

    • Satellite images of disaster area before and after disaster (wanted)

  • MODIS data for wildfire monitoring (wanted)

  • On-site digital camera images (wanted)

  • Regional social / economic data


2.6  organizationsSentinel Asia Project Milestones

2005

2006

2007

2008

Disaster Management

Support System (STEP2)

Sentinel Asia Project

APRSAF / JPT

APRSAF-12

APRSAF-13

APRSAF-14

JPT#1

JPT#2

JPT#3

JPT#4

Digital Asia System

(by Keio Univ.)

update / maintenance

Information Sharing Platform

ALOS Rapid Response System

(by JAXA, Keio Univ., ADRC)

Sentinel Asia System

Operations Start

Emergency Observation by ALOS

Operation

Wildfire Monitoring

Flood Monitoring

JAXA Project Office

In Tokyo

In Bangkok


organizations. Current Status

1.1 Results so far

1.2 Requisites to make useful and fruitful

2. Implementation Plan

2.1 Approach and Philosophy

2.2 Framework

2.3 Main Activities

2.4 Information-sharing Platform

2.5 Sharing Data

2.6 Milestones

3. Introduction of Web site


Sentinel Asia Web Site organizations

http://dmss.tksc.jaxa.jp/sentinel/




Digital camera image of disaster concerning disaster area


Satellite image on GIS concerning disaster area




Satellite Image and DEM concerning disaster area(SRTM)


Satellite Image and DEM concerning disaster area


Legend of DEM Data concerning disaster area



Satellite Image and Land Cover Data concerning disaster area


Comparison of different Sensor Images concerning disaster area


Thank you for your attention. concerning disaster area

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Office of Space Applications

Sentinel-Asia Project Office

E-mail : [email protected]


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