Actual Situation of Chemical Management in Cambodia. Institution involved in Management of Chemicals. Law and Regulation. Law and Regulation- cont’. Law and Regulation- cont’. Ratification of Treaty on Chemical s.
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of Chemical Management
Signed on Basel, Stockholm and Narcotic Convention and submitted draft document to the National Assembly to get permissions for ratification of the convention
Cambodia is an import and use of chemicals only. The chemicals are divided into 10 groups:
1- Chemical Fertilizer [45,334 ton imported in 2002]
2- Pesticides ( 200 tons Imported in 2002)
7 pharmaceutical manufacturing enterprises operating in Cambodia, most finished pharmaceutical product for local people use are imported. The chemical substances used as raw material for drug production by these enterprise are imported mostly from India, China, EU, France and Thailand. The chemical substances are required licence from Ministry of Health.
4- Industrial Chemical Raw Material (Import in 2002)
5- Metal and Their compound Product(Import in 2002)
6- Mineral Fuel and Petroleum Product(Import in 2002)
7- Chemical Product for consumer use(Import in 2002)
Chemical product for consumers includes a wide variety of finished product used for cleaning, health care and protection used in household, public building…etc. There are two types of the chemical product that have been used: Soaps and insecticide use for insect prevention such as mosquitoes coils and sprays, anti-termite substances..etc.
Presently, there are six governmental laboratories operating in MAFF, MoC, MoH, MIME, MoE, MWRM. Theses laboratories have been using approximately 473 types of chemicals substances.
A- POPs pesticide
DDT and Endrin are very popular with Cambodian usersDuring survey of 2004, there were 350kg of DDT and 59 kg of chlordane had been found in the market.
B- POPs PCB
1600 transformers is used thorough the country. 50% of them containing or contaminated with PCBs
C- Unintentionally POPs by products
Low level chemical awareness and limited education
Government institutions do not have sufficient ability for chemical assessment and the identification of chemical related problem in production trade, storage , use and disposal such chemical
Lack of cooperation among laboratories and stakeholders responsible for managing emission source of chemical and persistent toxic substances
Lack of expertise and finance
1- Agricultural Productivity Improvement Project
2- Agricultural Material Standard
3- Establishment inspection program and strengthening implementation at the entry points and market surveillance including the focus on the chemical
4- Import –Export Goods control and tax collection
5- National waste Management program
Private Organization programme
1- Phnom Penh Municipal Solid Waste
Collection and Transport Service by Cintri
2- Industrial Waste collection, Transportation
and Landfill Facility by Sarom Trading Company
1- Pesticide Reduce Network
2- Pesticide Reduce Along Mekong