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6.5 Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization. The Romans develop many ideas and institutions that become fundamental to Western Civilization. The Legacy of Greco-Roman Civilization. A New Culture Emerges Romans adopt aspects of Greek and Hellenistic culture

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6 5 rome and the roots of western civilization

6.5 Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization

The Romans develop many ideas and institutions that become fundamental to Western Civilization.

the legacy of greco roman civilization

The Legacy of Greco-Roman Civilization

A New Culture Emerges

Romans adopt aspects of Greek and Hellenistic culture

Results in Greco-Roman culture, or classical civilization

the legacy of greco roman civilization3

The Legacy of Greco-Roman Civilization

Roman Fine Arts

Romans develop bas-relief sculptures to tell stories [Visual 1]

Artists skilled in creating mosaics, painting frescoes

Pompeii—Roman town; ash from volcano eruption A.D. 79 preserves art [Visual 2]

the legacy of greco roman civilization4

The Legacy of Greco-Roman Civilization

Learning and Literature

Romans borrow from Greek philosophy and literature

Poet Virgil writes epic Aeneid modeled after Homer’s Greek epics

Roman historian Tacitus excels in writing factually accurate history

Annals and Histories provide comprehensive look at Roman life

the legacy of rome

The Legacy of Rome

The Latin Language

Latin was official language of Roman Catholic Church until 1900s

Develops into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian

More than half the words in English stem from Latin

the legacy of rome6

The Legacy of Rome

Master Builders [Visual]

Romans pioneer use of arch; also used domes and concrete

Create aqueducts—structures to bring water into cities, towns

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The Legacy of Rome

Roman System of Law

Principles of Roman law form basis of modern legal systems

Rome’s Enduring Influence

By preserving and adding to Greek civilization, Rome strengthened the Western cultural tradition