2005 06 national family health survey nfhs 3 l.
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2005-06 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3). KEY FINDINGS ON CHILD NUTRITION. Topics. Nutritional status of children Anaemia in children Infant and young child feeding practices ICDS coverage. Undernutrition in Children under Age 3 Years. Percent.

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2005 06 national family health survey nfhs 3

2005-06 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3)

KEY FINDINGS ON

CHILD NUTRITION

topics
Topics
  • Nutritional status of children
  • Anaemia in children
  • Infant and young child feeding practices
  • ICDS coverage
topics6
Topics
  • Nutritional status of children
  • Anaemia in children
  • Infant and young child feeding practices
  • ICDS coverage
children in all groups have high anaemia prevalence
Children in All Groups Have High Anaemia Prevalence
  • Percent of children with any anaemia
    • Urban (63%)
    • Wealthiest households (56%)
    • Children whose mother’s have 12+ years of education (55%)
    • Girls (69%), boys (70%)
topics10
Topics
  • Nutritional status of children
  • Anaemia in children
  • Infant and young child feeding practices
  • ICDS coverage
recommended and actual breastfeeding practices
Recommended and Actual Breastfeeding Practices
  • Goal: Initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth
    • Achievement: 25%
  • Goal: No prelacteal feeding
    • Achievement: 43%
  • Goal: Exclusive breastfeeding

(6 months)

    • Achievement: 46%
recommended and actual breastfeeding practices contd
Recommended and Actual Breastfeeding Practices (contd.)
  • Goal: No bottle feeding
    • Achievement: 86%
  • Goal: Timely complementary feeding (age 6-8 months)
    • Achievement: 53%
infant and young child feeding iycf practices
Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices
  • Goal: Feed breast milk or milk products, and feed a minimum number of times from a minimum number of food groups (age 6-23 months)
    • Achievement: 21%
  • Percent of children fed according to all IYCF practices
    • Same for boys and girls
    • Twice as high in the highest wealth group as the lowest wealth group
    • Poorest feeding practices found in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan
topics14
Topics
  • Nutritional status of children
  • Anaemia in children
  • Infant and young child feeding practices
  • ICDS coverage
icds coverage
ICDS Coverage
  • In NFHS-3, team supervisors collected information in each enumeration area (EA) on whether or not the EA was covered by an ICDS/anganwadi centre (AWC) and, if so, when the centre was established
  • 72% of EAs are covered by an AWC
  • 62% of EAs are covered by an AWC that has existed for at least 5 years
icds coverage16
ICDS Coverage
  • More than 90% of EAs are covered by an AWC in Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram, Karnataka, and Nagaland
  • The only states where less than half of EAs are covered by an AWC are Meghalaya (27%), Delhi, and Arunachal Pradesh (35% each)
icds utilization
ICDS Utilization
  • Women with one or more children born in the 6 years before the survey were asked about benefits received from an AWC for their young children and benefits they themselves received during pregnancy and while breastfeeding
  • Although ICDS coverage is fairly high, only 28% of children under age 6 years received any service from an AWC in the last year
how many children receive services from an awc
How Many Children Receive Services from an AWC?

Percent of age-eligible children in areas with an AWC

prime minister s letter to chief ministers of every state

Prime Minister’s Letter to Chief Ministers of Every State

“A number of reports and surveys, including the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) …seem to indicate a noticeable decline in the qualitative aspects of the [ICDS] programme.There is strong evidence that the programme has not led to any substantial improvement in the nutritional status of children under six. Our prevalent rate of under-nutrition in this age group remains one of the highest in the world”.

food for thought
Food for Thought
  • What innovative steps can nutrition programmes take to address these continuing challenges and improve children’s nutrition?