Yazid & Husayn. Islamic History: the First 150 Years. Session Plan. Yazid ibn Mu`awiya The Death of Husayn ibn Ali The Death of Yazid. Section I: Yazid ibn Mu`awiya. Introduction. With Mu`awiya’s death and Yazid’s accession we enter a difficult and complex period of Islamic history
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Islamic History: the First 150 Years
‘We thank God for casting down the tyrannical rule of your enemy, who had usurped the power to rule this community without any right…and killed the best of men [Hujr ibn Adi]…We invite you to come to Kufa, as we have no Imam to guide us…’ (Tab II, p.223)
‘In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate; to al-Husayn ibn Ali, from his shia, the faithful Muslims; further make haste, for the people are awaiting you, as they have no Imam other than you! So haste, and again haste! Peace’ (Tab. 2. p.234)
‘From Husayn ibn Ali to the believers and the Muslims…I have understood what you said and that you have invited me to come to you because you have no Imam to guide you…I am sending you my cousin and the trusted one from my family [Muslim ibn Aqil] to report to me about your affairs. If his report conforms with what you have written, I will soon come. But you must be clear about the fact that the Imam is only one who follows the Book of God, makes justice and honesty his conduct and behaviour, judges with truth, and devotes himself to the service of God. Peace’ (Tab. 2. p.235)
‘O People! You are accusing me but think who I am! Then search your hearts for what you are doing to me. Consider well if it be lawful for you to kill me and violate my sacrosanctity. Am I not the son of the daughter of your Prophet, the son of the Prophet’s wasi and cousin…? Did not the Prophet say of me and my brother that ‘they are the lords of the youth of Paradise’? You cannot deny the truth of what I have said concerning the merits of the family of Muhammad. Are all these not sufficient to prevent you from shedding my blood?’ (Tab. 2. p.329)
‘Remove your cane from those lips! By God, on these lips have I seen the lips of the Prophet of God…’ (Tab. 2., p.373)