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Western Christianity in the Middle Ages. Timeline. ‘Dark Ages’: barbarian invasions Papacy Piety Crusades Gothic architecture St. Anselm of Canterbury. Middle Ages: Timeline. 6 th -10 th c. The Early Middle Ages  11 th -13 th c. The High Middle Ages

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western christianity in the middle ages
Western Christianity in the Middle Ages
  • Timeline.
  • ‘Dark Ages’: barbarian invasions
  • Papacy
  • Piety
  • Crusades
  • Gothic architecture
  • St. Anselm of Canterbury
middle ages timeline
Middle Ages: Timeline
  • 6th-10th c. The Early Middle Ages

 11th-13th c. The High Middle Ages

 14th- 15th c. The Late Middle Ages

the rise of the papacy
The Rise of the Papacy
  • Gregory accepted the bishopric of Rome at the time of famine and epidemic
  • Rebuilt the infrastructure of the city
  • Effectively acted as the ruler of Rome
  • Instituted penitential system in the Church

Pope Gregory the Great (590-604 A. D.)

the father of western monasticism st benedict of nursia 480 547
The Father of Western Monasticism: St. Benedict of Nursia (480-547)

Monastic vows:

  • Poverty
  • Chastity
  • Obedience
  • (Stability)
monastic reforms
Monastic reforms
  • Original rule: St Benedict
  • Cluniac reform 910 AD
  • Cistercian reform 1098 AD
  • Mendicant orders: Franciscans (1209) & Dominicans (1221)

Remains of Cluny monastery. France.

Citeaux monastery

monasteries in the us today
Monasteries in the US Today:
  • Cistercian (Trappist) Assumption Abbey for men in Ava, Missouri: http://assumptionabbey.org
  • Cistercian (Trappist) New Melleray Abbey for men in Dubuque, Iowa: http://www.newmelleray.org/index.html
  • Our Lady of the Mississippi monastery for women in Dubuque, Iowa: http://www.mississippiabbey.org
cult of the saints
Cult of the Saints
  • Pilgrimages to holy places
  • Intercession of the saints
  • Veneration of relics

St. Martin of Tours (d. 397).

st anselm of canterbury 1033 1109
St. Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109)
  • the forerunner of scholasticism
  • Fides querens intellectum: faith seeking understanding
  • Harmony of faith & reason
  • Ontological argument for the existence of God
  • Meditation on human redemption