The Early Christians * Symbols * The Papacy. Christian Symbols. The cross was the most widespread and enduring of all Christian symbols By the third century, the practice of making the sign of the cross was deeply rooted in the Christian world.
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* The Papacy
A carving on a tombstone in the early fourth century catacomb of St. Domatilla depicts the fish symbol combined with the cross-like anchor symbol.
From the Catechism of the Catholic Church
The episcopal college and its head, the Pope
880 Peter is chosen as the first Pope
881 Peter is named the “rock” of the Church
882 The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, the Vicar of Christ
883 The college or body of bishops only has authority with the Pontiff as its head
884 The college of bishops has power over the universal Church in a solem, ecumenical council
Pope Benedict XVI, elected April 19,
885 This college expresses the variety and universality of the People of God; the unity of the flock of Christ, under one head
886 Individual bishops are the source of unity in their own Churches; they are assisted by priests and deacons. The bishops extend the Church especially to the poor, to those persecuted for the faith, as well as to missionaries who are working throughout the world.
Pope John Paul II