Table Tennis Arbray Fast Ross Spaulding Anna Espino
History: Discipline’s Origin • Table tennis was developed in the late 19th century. • It is considered to be of the English origin. • It is described as a “miniature” tennis that was played indoors in the 1880s and 1890s.
History: Discipline’s Origin • Athletes first played with cigar-box lids for rackets and a carved champagne cork for a ball. • Today, players use rubber-coated wooden and carbon-fiber rackets and a lightweight, hollow celluloid ball.
History: Discipline’s Origin • The rules of the game were made in 1922 by Ivor Montagu. • The International Table Tennis Federation formed in 1926, which included Austria, England, Germany, Hungary, and Sweden. • The World Champions also began in 1926.
History: Discipline’s Origin • Table tennis is the world’s largest participation sport. • 40 million competitive players. • Millions involved recreationally.
Olympic History • Table tennis first appeared in the Olympics in Seoul, in 1988. • The four table tennis events in the Olympics include: 1. Men’s singles 2. Women’s singles 3. Men’s doubles 4. Women’s doubles
Olympic History • Singles: • The top 16 teams advance to the main round, while 48 more players enter a qualification round. • A second 16 teams advance from that round.
Olympic History • The main round is a single-elimination tournament. • Semi-final winners compete for the gold and silver medals. • Semi-final losers compete for the bronze medal.
Olympic History • Doubles uses a similar format with 32 teams involved. • Matches are best-of-five games. • Mixed doubles is not played as an Olympic sport.
Olympic History • Mixed doubles is only played in the World Championships where it first appeared in 1926.
Clubs and Information • Information about table tennis is found at www.olympics.org/tabletennis • Gilbert Table Tennis Center- Los Angeles 323-933-3751 • Long Beach Table tennis Center- 562-423-4563
Equipment • Racket or paddle can be of any size, shape and weight • Ball • Table • Comfortable clothing
Court • Table • Net • Floor
Referee • Umpire: responsible for controlling the match, announces points and calls out of bounds balls • Assistant umpire: post the scoring, signal out of bound balls
Score • Matches are played in 2 out of 3 or 3 out of 5 11 point sets • A lead of at least 2 points needed to win the set
Grips • Orthodox (Shakehand) • Penholder
Stokes • Forehand: drive, block, push. • Backhand: drive, block, push. • Both can be done with topspin, sidespin, backspin.
Players • Singles • Doubles • Mixed doubles
How to play? • Toss the ball at least 6 in to the air to begin the serve • Ball must be struck while is dropping • The server in singles can serve the ball anywhere in the court • Only in doubles the serve is diagonally from the right side of the court to the opponents right court
Cont… • A lost of point will happen when any part of your body touches the table • A rally continues until the ball is out send out of the boundaries • The player who served at the beginning of a game is the receiver at the beginning of the next game
Anatomy and Physiology of Table Tennis Energy Systems Movements Player Demands Player Physique
Energy Systems • ATP – CP • Immediate and Non Oxidative for quick bursts • Aerobic for the play of whole match
Movement Types • Lateral – side steps (side shuffle) • Anterior – stepping up • Posterior – stepping back • Vertical – jumping (hopping)/squatting • Arms – elbow flexion/extension • Shoulders – internal/external rotation
Player Demands • Major Muscles Used – quadriceps, hamstrings, gluteus maximus, deltoids, biceps, triceps, S.I.T.S. (rotator cuff), etc. • Hand – Eye Coordination • Quickness on Feet • Endurance
Player Physique • Lean muscle mass (low body fat percentage) • 5’5” – 5’11” • 140 – 165 lbs. • High amount of fast twitch muscle fibers