slang of the 20th century from flappers to rappers from tom dalzell s book l.
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Slang of the 20th Century: From Flappers to Rappers (From Tom Dalzell’s Book) PowerPoint Presentation
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Slang of the 20th Century: From Flappers to Rappers (From Tom Dalzell’s Book). Alan D. DeSantis. Some Opening Notes:. A) Slang changes quickly 10% retention rate every 10 years (Eble, 1987) B) But slang is reincarnated over and over again The same terms are seen every generation

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some opening notes
Some Opening Notes:
  • A) Slang changes quickly
    • 10% retention rate every 10 years (Eble, 1987)
  • B) But slang is reincarnated over and over again
    • The same terms are seen every generation
    • Often w/ different meanings (drag, fat, bimbo)
  • C) Used almost exclusively by the young
  • D) Every generation “slangs” what is important to them
    • Studying their slang is a way to understand a generation
some opening notes3
Some Opening Notes:
  • E) Why is slang used?
    • 1) It conceals meaning from parents
      • But do kids use slang in front of them?
    • 2) It identifies you as part of the tribe
    • 3) It defies authority (talking like a rebel)
    • 4) It makes one feel special & important
    • 5) It excludes other peer groups
let s test your knowledge of slang
Let’s Test Your Knowledge of Slang
  • Use the open spaces in your workbook
    • Or number your paper from 1 through 21.
  • For each question, give me your best guess.
  • At the end of class, we will award the Championship to the “Hippest Cat!”
  • No Cheating!!
i from 1900 1919
I. From 1900-1919
  • Before the end of WWI (1919) there was little use of slang
    • Why: Mass media was not a “national” phenomenon
      • Terms could not be shared or spread by the youth culture
  • College students used slang “locally”
    • At UK, we have: Ho, POT, the Keys
  • But there was one NATIONAL exception . . .
i from 1900 19196
I. From 1900-1919
  • 1) 23 Skidoo
    • Three meanings: OK, Good, See You Later
    • This was the 1st National Slang Term(1905)
ii 1920 30s from flappers to jazz
II. 1920-30s: From Flappers to Jazz
  • 1920s captured by F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • Times were good and decadent
  • The early 30s were depression years
    • Times were tough
  • The late 30s were swing and big-band jazz (the gangster rap of the age)
    • Strong slang influence from blacks culture
ii 1920 30s from flappers to jazz8
II. 1920-30s: From Flappers to Jazz
  • 2) Half-cut, fried, jammed, juiced, pie-eyed, polluted, plastered, shot, tanked
    • Drunk (most popular reference of the age)
  • 3) Bat, brawl, buzz, rag, toot, wrestle, egg harbor
    • A dance party
  • 4) 5 Things: Gob stick, dog house, gobble pipe, skins, git box
    • Instruments: clarinet, bass, sax, drums, guitar
  • If you got all 3, you are swanky or tasty
iii 1940s from the war to babies
III. 1940s: From the War to Babies
  • 1941-45 saw WWII
    • Much slang was based on male war interactions
  • After the war, America experience good times
    • “Happy Days Are Here Again” #1 Song
  • They seemed to name everything
    • Not many stayed around
iii 1940s from the war to babies10
III. 1940s: From the War to Babies
  • 5) Drooly, pappy, swoony, BTO, PC,
    • An attractive man (big-time operator, prince charming)
  • 6) 5 Things: Moss, blinkers, flops, schnozz, pillars
    • Body Parts: Hair, eyes, ears, nose, legs
  • 7) Fatal pill, go-away kiss, lead pill, check out, blotto, in the drink
    • WWII Terms: Bullets and dying
  • If you got these 3, you are a real hep cat(most popular term)
iv 1950s from cool to beat
IV. 1950s: From Cool to Beat
  • 1950s were “Happy Days,” at least on the surface
    • But there were always Fonzies
  • Young were restless(rejection of parents)
    • Salinger’s Catcher, Brando’s Wild One, Dean’s Rebel, & Elvis’ Jailhouse Rock
  • The Beatnick movement also exploded
    • Wore black, drank coffee, & read poetry
    • Terms: Hipster, like, daddy-o, cat, & dig
iv 1950s from cool to beat12
IV. 1950s: From Cool to Beat
  • 8) Bad news, beast, bomb, hack, kemp, wedge
    • Cars & Hot Rods (many terms)
  • 9) Cut the grass, don’t tense, fade out, get bent
    • Insults: Shut up, take it easy, disappear, I hate you
  • 10) Squaresville, deadsville, dullsville
    • A bad place to be
  • If you got all 3, you are cool (#1), creamy, fat, mad, hairy
v 1960 s from surf to dope
V. 1960’s: From Surf to Dope
  • Breaking away from the conservative 50s
  • Rock Peaked:
    • Motown, British Invasion, Acid Rock, Hippie Rock, folk, & Woodstock
  • It was the most politically active & individually expressive decade of the Century
    • Anti-Vietnam, Feminism, Civil Rights, Free Love, Free Speech, Black Power, etc.
v 1960 s from surf to dope14
V. 1960’s: From Surf to Dope
  • 11) Barf, blow, beets, flash, heave, ralph,
    • To get sick
  • 12) Category: Hang ten, stoked, bitchin, dude, bro
    • Surf Terms
  • 13) Reefer, gage, mary jane, spliff, jay, doobie, roach
    • Marijuana
  • If you got all 3, you’re bad, boss, freak, suave
vi 1970 80s from disco to new wave
VI. 1970-80s: From Disco to New Wave
  • 70s and 80s share a lot in common
  • Politically inactive, pop-culture driven, no wars, no meaningful direction
    • Called the “Me Generation”
  • Really big with 1 or 2 word exclamations!!
    • Basic! (right) Be real!, Bite me!, Cool Beans!, Eat me!, Go for it! H0! (great), Heard that!, Not!
vi 1970 80s from disco to new wave16
VI. 1970-80s: From Disco to New Wave
  • 14) Boff, boink, grind, do the nasty, deed, or wild thing
    • Sex
  • 15) To chill, hang, veg, jell, kick it, ease
    • To do nothing
  • 16) Category: Fer sure, Tscha, grody, totally, to the max
    • Valley girl: “Gag me with a spoon”
  • If you missed these, you are beat, gnarly, harsh, heinous
vii 1990 2000 your generation
VII. 1990-2000: Your Generation
  • Times have been good
    • Strong economy, no world wars, high college rates
  • Three Major Influences
    • Pop culture (TV & Movies)
    • Computers/Technology
    • Hip Hop
vii 1990 2000 your generation18
VII. 1990-2000: Your Generation
  • 17) Biscuit, burner, heater, joint, steel, toast
    • Guns
  • 18) Category: Later, Peace Out, “How you doin’,” “Wha’s up”
    • Greetings
  • 19) Bones, Franklins, G’s, jacks, yard, clout
    • Money
  • 20) Break, bust, chat, comp, freestyle, kick, rip
    • Rap or sing
  • 21) Been there, done that; outta my way man; cowabunga; hurl; take a pill; babe-osity; Not!; schwing; party on!
    • Bart & Wayne (pop culture icons)
  • If you got all 5, you are “Phat,” “Tight,” or “the Bomb”
closing thoughts
Closing Thoughts
  • A) Many words are cyclical and reincarnated
    • 1930’s gave us:
      • Suck, sweet, mellow, not!
    • 1940’s gave us:
      • Brutal, cap, fly, scrub, tasty, groovy
    • 1950’s gave us:
      • Clue, hang, kill, nerd, trip, turn on
    • All have been reincarnated at least 3 times
    • Thus, each generation is not as innovative as they think
closing thoughts20
Closing Thoughts
  • B. Every generation “slangs” the same 8 things
    • 1) girls/guys
    • 2) drinking
      • In 1737, Ben Franklin counted 228 terms for drunkenness (1st slang list)
    • 3) greetings
    • 4) sex
    • 5) popular people
    • 6) unpopular people
    • 7) money
    • 8) homosexuals
  • Are these the most important topics for the young?
  • Looks like you, your parents, & your grandparents were not that different after all
closing thoughts21
Closing Thoughts
  • C. What causes “slang” to change?
  • Answer: When mainstream America starts using it!
    • Why Hip-Hop vocabulary changes so quickly
  • D. Slang is here to stay
    • And NO, you will not understand the next generation
    • Isn’t that the point of slang?!