Lessons of the epa
Download
1 / 22

LESSONS OF THE EPA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 181 Views
  • Uploaded on

LESSONS OF THE EPA. Norman Girvan Civil Society Forum 12 June2008 http://normangirvan.info. Removes duties and all other restrictions on the majority of imports from Europe within 15 years. (13% are permanently excluded).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'LESSONS OF THE EPA' - Faraday


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Lessons of the epa l.jpg

LESSONS OF THE EPA

Norman Girvan

Civil Society Forum

12 June2008

http://normangirvan.info


Slide4 l.jpg

  • Removes duties and all other restrictions on the majority of imports from Europe within 15 years. (13% are permanently excluded).

  • requires that such imported goods be given the same treatment as national and regionally produced goods

  • requires an overhaul of customs and trade administration to conform to standards largely set by Europe

  • circumscribes the kind of actions that governments are allowed to take to defend national producers and regional producers against unfair competition from bigger and much better European firms

  • grants EU firms immediate free access to the majority of our service sectors

  • requires that service suppliers from Europe be granted the same treatment as national and regional service firms,


Slide5 l.jpg

  • restricts the ability of regional governments to regulate service industries in the public interest

  • allows European service firms to bring in their own people as senior managers without specific qualifications and recent graduates as interns,

  • guarantees that European firms that establish themselves here can repatriate their capital and current earnings freely

  • requires regional governments to pass new laws and set up new institutions in Intellectual Property, Competition Policy, Pubic Procurement, and e-commerce that are mainly aimed at facilitating European business and conforming to the European global trade policy agenda

  • pre-empts Caricom’s own development policies in these areas and hence in effect supersedes the CSME process

  • establishes an implementation machinery, presided over by a joint Council with the EU and the DR with binding decision-making powers,


Slide6 l.jpg

  • establishes a Trade and Development Committee with powers to supervise, monitor and implement every aspect of the agreement;

  • establishes a Dispute Settlement Machinery which tightly circumscribes the ability of governments and government agencies to get out from under the obligations of the agreement and allows for punitive trade sanctions in the event of non-compliance

  • requires that OECS countries open their economies to imports from the DR as well as Europe, hence removing their special and differential treatment that they currently enjoy in the Caricom-DR FTA

  • requires that we extend to Europe whatever we might agree in the future with other large developing countries, and

  • is an international treaty with legally binding force, of indefinite duration, and with limited scope for revision



Slide9 l.jpg

PLAYING ON THE LEVEL FIELD

Aggregate GDP – PPP 2005

15 RICHEST EU COUNTRIES

CARIFORUM COUNTRIES


Cariforum adjustment costs estimated milner report 2005 l.jpg
CARIFORUM Adjustment CostsEstimated – Milner Report 2005

  • Fiscal adjustment costs:EU 375 m

  • Trade facilitation and export development costs: 240 m EU

  • Production and employment adjustment costs: 140 M

  • Skill development and productivity enhancement costs:EU 210 M

  • TOTAL 924 M

  • Amount allocated for EPA implementation in 10th EDF: 33 M


Objections to a full epa l.jpg
Objections to a ‘Full’ EPA

  • Includes Chapters ON Investment and Current Account payments, Competition Policy, Public Procurement, Intellectual Property

  • The commitments are immediate, legally binding and indefinite; while the supposed benefits are in the future and unenforceable.

  • Restrict the ability of CF governments to foster the development of local and regional enterprises and to regulate their economies in the public interest--indefinitely.


Slide13 l.jpg

  • Pre-empt and prescribe the CSME policy regimes in these areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • Undermine the negotiating position of the CF and other developing countries in the WTO

  • Commit governments to onerous implementation obligations-- new laws and regulations and to set up new institutions


Other contentious clauses l.jpg
Other Contentious Clauses areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • Regional Preference

    • Requires the Caricom LDCS to open their markets to the Dom Rep as well as to the EU

  • Most Favoured Nation (MFN) Clause

    • Requires Cariforum to grant the same treatment to the EU as they may garnt to China, India, Brazil and MERCOSUR in any future trade agreement


Slide15 l.jpg

JOINT CARIFORUM-EC COUNCIL areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

COMMITTEE ON CUSTOMS CO-OPERATION AND TRADE FACILITATION

PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE

CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE

Girvan EPA 01/05/08

15


Implementation of the epa l.jpg
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EPA areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • 336 identified implementation actions

    • 90 legislative

    • 72 institutional

    • 110 policy

    • 64 other

    • Most are to be taken on provisional application of the EPA

      Outstanding for CSME implementation: 384 (2005)


Lessons of the epa17 l.jpg
LESSONS OF THE EPA areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • Absence of strategic political management

  • Ad hoc and expedient decision-making

  • Failure to maintain the ACP alliance

  • Failure to tap into potential sources of political support in Europe

  • Failure to present our own development agenda as the framework for the negotiations

  • Delays in CSME implementation of the CSME

  • Aceptance of negotiations on the EC template, coming directly out of the Global Europe project,

  • Ideological and institutional co-optation of key elites in the region

  • Lack of genuine popular involvement in the process


Advocacy demands l.jpg
Advocacy demands areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

1. Renegotiate the EPA to remove its objectionable features and to insert features designed to protect the public, national and regional interest; preserve the space for autonomous development policy and protect the integrity of the regional integration movement.


Slide19 l.jpg

  • A RENEGOTIATED EPA areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

    • Limit the EPA to what is necessary to ensure WTO compatibility;

    • Seek the widest possible interpretation of what constitutes ‘substantially all trade’ vis-à-vis degree and phasing of liberalization

    • Phasing import liberalization in line with development of production capacities in import substitution and exports (Brewster)

    • Insisting on binding obligations for development support

    • Removing the ‘Regional Preference’ and ‘Most Favoured Nation’ clauses.

    • Insertion of legally binding development benchmarks to be monitored by the Joint Parliamentary and/or Consultative Committees with legally binding powers

    • Insertion of five-year Review clause


Plan b l.jpg
‘Plan B’ areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • Demand insertion into the agreement of

    • Development Benchmarks (social and economic) as legally binding monitoring instruments

    • A Review Clause that compels an unconditional review of all EPA provisions after the first three years of operation, with possibility of renegotiation. There is a similar feature in the CPA.


Plan c l.jpg
‘Plan C’ areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • Call for Cariforum or Caricom governments to collectively issue a Joint Declaration stating that they are signing the EPA in spite of severe reservations, and that they reserve the right to undertake a comprehensive review of the EPA within three years of signature, to determine its development impact and its impact on regional integration; and to seek, on the basis of such a review, a comprehensive renegotiation of the EPA in line with WTO rules and the development and integration needs of the region.


Plan d l.jpg
‘Plan D’ areas.; These ought To have been crafted to foster the development of local and regional enterprises better equipped to penetrate extra-regional markets.

  • Press governments to commission an independent, socio-economic impact analysis of the initialed EPA to determine challenges, threats and opportunities to farmers, businessmen small and large, workers, women, youth, and recipients of public and social services; and declare that the EPA lacks legitimacy.