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Engineering Road Safety in Singapore

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  1. Engineering Road Safety in Singapore Mr Ho Seng Tim Head Road Safety Engineering Unit Land Transport Authority Singapore Global Road Safety Partnership / Asia Road Safety Seminar 7 – 8th October 2009

  2. Overview of Singapore 23km 42km Land Area : 707km2 (2008) Vehicle Population : 875,000 Taxi Fleet : 24,100 Bus Fleet : 3,500 Road Network 3,297 km

  3. Vehicle & Human Population

  4. Road Safety Situation in Singapore Source: Traffic Police

  5. Fatalities per 100,000 Population 5

  6. General Accident Trends Singapore’s Fatalities Per 10,000 Registered Vehicles

  7. Worldwide….. • Approx. 1.2 million people were killed each year on the roads • Death rates are increasing • By 2030, road traffic injuries are predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death (Global Status Report on Road Safety, World Health Organisation, 2009)

  8. Authorities involved in Road Safety in Singapore LAND TRANSPORT AUTHORITY Road Engineering Vehicle Engineering TRAFFIC POLICE Enforcing Traffic Regulations Road Safety Education NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL Publicity Campaigns

  9. Road Safety Measures in Singapore Reactive Approach  Proactive Approach Collaboration and Consultation

  10. Reactive Approach • Treat locations that are prone to accidents or where • accidents have occurred • Analyze available accident data to detect any possible trends Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  11. Accident Investigation & Prevention • Fatal accidents reviewed • Identify deficiencies in road infrastructures Proposed pedestrian crossing Proposed centre median BEFORE Bishan Street 21 AFTER Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  12. Black Spot Programme (BSP) • Review all injury accident locations. • Criteria : > 15 accidents over 3 years • Reduce the total number or the severity of accidents • that occur at such locations Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  13. Installation of RAG Arrow Signals BEFORE AFTER Black Spot Programme (BSP) Tampines Avenue 1 / 4 / Bedok Reservoir Road Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  14. Proactive Approach • Treat safety deficiencies of existing roads before accidents • occur at these locations • Identify any physical feature that could be altered to reduce • the likelihood or severity of an accident Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  15. Road Safety Audit • Day and night audit • Identify potential safety hazards for road users Holland Road Toa Payoh Lorong 4 Ramp Down VIG Pedestrian railings along deep drains Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  16. Cover drains Floodlight Hazardous Road Location • Treat locations that are potentially dangerous to road users Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  17. Road Safety Project • Information collected from the various programs • Formulate new initiatives Reactive Approach Proactive Approach Collaboration & Consultation

  18. Improving visibility of motorcycles Infrastructure EngineeringRoad Surface Mandatory switching on headlights Using Calcined Bauxite Laws to make motorcycling safer Yearly inspection by accredited boards for motorcycles aged 3years or more

  19. Pedestrians - Signalised Pedestrian Crossings • Mid-block or at junctions • Countdown timer (installed at signalised pedestrian crossings near schools and at busy junctions ) Commonwealth Ave West Rochor Road Integrated Pedestrian Crossing Signals Signalised Pedestrian Crossing Push Button

  20. Footpaths, Tactiles and Drop down kerbs • Proper footpaths are provided and well-maintained to guide & encourage pedestrians to use proper crossing and/or transport facilities • Tactiles for the visually impaired • Easily accessible by the less mobile e.g. pedestrians in wheelchair, prams Jurong East Central Thomson Road

  21. Dashed Pedestrian Crossing Lines Intelligent Road Studs • Differentiate between the stop line and • pedestrian lines for better motorists’ • compliance • - Deter motorists from encroaching • into the pedestrian crossing area • - Improve pedestrian safety • Blinking studs installed flush to road surface to warn right-turning vehicles of pedestrians crossing alongside • Activated with green man demand Toa Payoh Central Stamford Road

  22. Additional Warning Signs/Markings LED flashing beacons more reliable • Making zebra crossing more conspicuous Clementi Road Exit to AYE (Tuas) Kampong Java Road Pedestrian Crossing Ahead Markings PC signs with flashing beacons at zebra crossings

  23. Motorists Advanced Warning Lights (AWL) Hougang Street 21 Crash Cushion Red Amber GreenArrow (RAG)

  24. “Your Speed” Sign Traffic Calming Markings PIE (Changi) Exit to Bedok North Road Dairy Farm Road

  25. Gore Areas Improvement – Flexible Posts at gore area Enhanced Chevron Zone at Bus Separator CTE (SLE) Exit to Merchant Road AYE ( Tuas) near NUS

  26. Waveline Bollards at bus stops Yellow band to encourage commuters to wait behind the line Merchant Road towards CTE (AYE)

  27. Road Safety Collaboration • ISO • An ISO-led initiatives to develop an international standard for road safety management • WHO • World Health Organisation Global Status Report on Road Safety • Serves to advocate increased focus & investments on road safety Reactive Approach ProactiveApproach Collaboration & Consultation

  28. Published 21/4/2007 Global Road Safety Week 2007 • 21-27 April in Singapore • In conjunction with the 1st United • Nations Global Road Safety Week • Global Road Safety Week and • Road Safety Outreach 2007 • jointly organised by • - Land Transport Authority • - Traffic Police • - National Safety Council

  29. Published 21/4/2007 Global Road Safety Week 2007 • Events include Road Safety Conference, • Road Safety Exhibition, Shell Traffic • Games • Raise public awareness on road safety

  30. Road Safety Consultation • Provide consultancy in areas of road safety • Provide training to overseas delegates • Share road safety best practices Reactive Approach ProactiveApproach Collaboration & Consultation

  31. Contributions

  32. Prince Michael International Road Safety Award

  33. Thank you