Egyptian Economy By Megan Chorniak Allison Clarke Patrick Dubreuil
Economy • The Egyptians traded educated and farmed • Trade started about 4th century • Traded from the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Red sea • They did not have coin money • Paid in grain and Bartered for goods • No fixed prices
Tax • Ancient Egypt was considered by some to have been the most heavily taxed nation • Collapsed under the weight of the levies imposed on the populace • The state relied on revenues in the forms of labour and taxes paid in kind • Grain was the most important • Stored with relative ease and was vital in years of bad harvests
Jobs • Jobs included government soldiers, scribes, Doctors, merchants, dancers, fishermen, hunters, bakers, carpenters, coffin-makers, spinners, weavers, jewellers, pyramid builders, artist and farmers • Most were farmers • The pharaohs were the controller of jobs • Boys started to learn their father’s occupation at the age of 14
Goods • Imported: Sliver, Iron, Cedar Logs, Horses, Copper, Cattle, Leopard Skin and spices • Exported: Gold, Minerals, Wheat, Barley and Papyrus Sheets
Farming • One of the first group of people to start farming • Around 10,000 BCE • First used a stick to dig the hole • But because of the type of soil the started to use animal-drawn plows around 3000 BCE • Farmed wheat, barley, lettuce, beans, onions, figs, dates, grapes, melons and cucumbers
Fishing • Fishing was mostly done on the Nile • Most of the fish was eaten and not traded • Hunting was a leisure activity to the rich • But help the poorest survive
Bibliography • Astra Corporation. Work and Trade. 2006. <http://www.egyptologyonline.com/Work%20&%20Trade.htm>. • Dollinger, Andre. The Ancient Egyptian Economy. Dec. 2003. <http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/economy/index.html>. • Dr. Carr, Karen. Domestic Trade. Dec. 2003.<http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/trade/internal_trade.htm>. • Dr. Carr, Karen. Egyptian Economy. Dec.2003. <http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/economy/index.html>. • Dr. Carr, Karen. Egyptian Farming. 27 Oct. 2005. <www.britainexpress.com/Hitory/Hadrian’s_wall.html>. • Kjeilen, Tore. Ancient Egypt. 2006. <http://lexicorient.com/e.o/egypt_a.htm>. • Kinnaer, Jacques. The Ancient Egyptian Site. 7 Oct. 2006. • <http://www.ancient-egypt.org/>. • Msn Encarta. Ancient Egypt. 2006. • <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_461511156_4/Ancient_Egypt.html>. • Newman, Garfield. "Egypt and Israel." Echoes from the Past. Ed. Crystal Shortt. Toronto: McGraw Hill Ryerson Ltd, 2001. Pg 61-63. • River School. Ancient Egyptian Economy. 2006. <http://www.riverschool.org/students/work/culture.e.econ.htm>. • The British Museum. Trades. 2006. <http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/trade/home.html>.