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Ecophilosophy. A study in philosophy and the environment. Ecophilosophy. Definition: Eco-means home or place Sohia-means wisdom General definition for ecophilosophy is a pursuit for an ecologically wise and harmonious living. Ecophilosophy. Three positions on environmental ethics

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ecophilosophy

Ecophilosophy

A study in philosophy and the environment

ecophilosophy1
Ecophilosophy
  • Definition:
    • Eco-means home or place
    • Sohia-means wisdom
    • General definition for ecophilosophy is a pursuit for an ecologically wise and harmonious living
ecophilosophy2
Ecophilosophy
  • Three positions on environmental ethics
    • The green application of standard ethics
    • Adaptation or extension of standard ethics to accommodate environmental causes. An example of this is the adaptation of utilitarianism to animal liberation
    • New, non-standard ethics which supersedes established ethics.
ecophilosophy3
Ecophilosophy
  • Beliefs, principles, standards
    • Nature is not something outside of humans
    • It is an interdependent community of which humans constitute a part
    • All living beings have a moral value not just humans
    • An expanding of the concept of moral community not only to humans and animals but to plants also
ecophilosophy4
Ecophilosophy
  • Beliefs, principles, standards
    • Value ethics extends beyond living organisms to the ecosystems (rivers, wetlands, soil, mts.)
    • Actions are only valuable if we bring some good (stability, integrity, beauty) to the ecosystem
    • “Let us return to nature”
ecophilosophy5
Ecophilosophy
  • Criticisms of modern thinking towards the environment
    • Overpopulation
    • Contraception is a human right
    • Lack of thought for future generations
    • Lack of support to end poverty in developing countries
    • More promotion of democracy needed
    • Destruction of biodiversity
ecophilosophy6
Ecophilosophy
  • Issues of concern
    • Attitude that morality is helping friends not enemies
    • Putting human interests always above those of nature is surely no longer defensible
ecophilosophy7
Ecophilosophy
  • Scientific discoveries supporting Ecophilosophy
    • There is no physical center in astronomy
    • Humans appeared very late in evolution and technically were accidents
    • Ecology demonstrates nature never respects a model or plan placed on it by man
    • Geology shows continents are moving