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Dionysus. God of wine, life force, instinctive side of personality (partying) Beginnings: Hera wanted him dead, Zeus changed him into a goat and took him to Nysa. Dionysus and his mother. Myth: Zeus fell in love with her, disguised himself as a mortal, impregnated Semele

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God of wine, life force, instinctive side of personality (partying)
  • Beginnings: Hera wanted him dead, Zeus changed him into a goat and took him to Nysa
dionysus and his mother
Dionysus and his mother
  • Myth: Zeus fell in love with her, disguised himself as a mortal, impregnated Semele
  • Hera got jealous and disguised herself as an old woman, Semele revealed her affair
  • Zeus promised Semele a wish, she wished he would appear to her as he did when making love to Hera
  • Semele, burned to a crisp when Zeus appeared to her in all his glory
ino athamas
Ino & Athamas
  • Driven mad by Hera
  • Ino: Semele’s sister
  • Athamas: Ino’s husband
  • Ino ordered by Hermes to turn Dionysus into a girl for safety from Hera
  • Hera found out anyways
followers of dionysus
Followers of Dionysus
  • Bacchantes: also called Thyiades & Maenads
  • Raging women carried Thryus: staff wound with ivy leaves and crowned with a pine cone
  • Satyrs: male, half-human, horse tails, goat legs, drunken
dionysus wife
Dionysus’ wife
  • Ariadne
  • Daughter of King Minos
  • Theseus abandoned her on an island of Naxos
myth of lycurgus
Myth of Lycurgus
  • Dared to fight, tried to expel the Bacchanal nurses who followed Dionysus
  • Crime: went mad, attempted to rape his own mother, pulled off legs of his son
  • Punishment: Zeus struck him blind and he soon died
myth of minyads
Myth of Minyads
  • Minyads: daughters of King Minya
  • Refused to join new religion, sat in chambers, talked about people who went to the mountains to rage as Bacchae
  • Dionysus became a lion, bull, and panther
  • The room changed in a way that it made the daughters hungry for blood, tore a child into bits & ate him, went to mountains to become Bacchae and turned into bats
myth of proetids
Myth of Proetids
  • Daughters of King Proetus, rejected rights of Dionysus, affected with itching on their heads, leprosy, went insane and wandered to Arcadia
  • Proetus asked Melampus to cure them, Melampus asked for 1/3 of kindgom, Proetus refused
  • Daughters ate their infants, disease spread, Proetus asked Melampus again, he asked for 2/3 of kingdom, Proetus agreed
myth of dionysus pirates
Myth of Dionysus & pirates
  • Pirates captured Dionysus as a boy, 1 pirate knew he was a god and wanted to let him go, captain didn’t want to
  • Big storm and wind came, Dionysus turned into a lion, killed the captain, pirates jumped off ship and became dolphins
elements of folktale
Elements of Folktale
  • Two motifs appear in the story of Proetus & Melampus: “a portion of the kindgom as a reward.” Payment to Melampus for curing his daughters and “the short-sighted fool”, the purchase of the same service for twice the price first asked
madness
Madness
  • Not merely a punishment, god’s gift to those who follow him, offering the loss of the burdensome sense of self
  • Greeks reason of irrationality: Dionysus was something strange and new, whatever his cult originated reflects the Greek version to the irrational side of human existence, that helped them accept the power of unreason