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Dawn of Mass Culture 19 th century amusements: Horse racing, card playing, theater, baseball, dancing, parties Leisure Relief from city congestion & dull factories Amusement parks Built on green spaces Often built by trolley car companies Picnic grounds & rides Coney Island, NY

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dawn of mass culture

Dawn of Mass Culture

19th century amusements:

Horse racing, card playing, theater, baseball, dancing, parties

leisure
Leisure
  • Relief from city congestion & dull factories
  • Amusement parks
    • Built on green spaces
    • Often built by trolley car companies
    • Picnic grounds & rides
  • Coney Island, NY
    • 1894- Roller Coaster!
  • World Columbian Expo- Chicago 1893
more leisure
More leisure
  • Bicycling
    • Male only till 1885: Safety bicycle
      • Smaller wheels, air filled tires
    • Women discard corsets
      • Shirtwaists & split skirts, to ride
      • Gave women a sense of freedom
  • Tennis
    • First seen in Wales, 1873
new snacks
New snacks:
  • Potato Chips - 1853
  • Chewing Gum - 1870
  • Coca Cola - 1886
    • Designed by pharmacist to cure headaches
  • Cracker Jacks – 1893
  • Hershey Bars - 1900
  • Ice Cream cone - 1904
  • Popsicle - 1905
sports
Sports
  • Spectator Sports
    • Boxing
    • Baseball
      • Telegraphed transmissions of contests at hotel lobbies & barber shops
      • Based on Rounders, English sport
      • By 1860s, many clubs across US
      • National League 1876
      • American League 1900
      • 1st World Series: 1903
        • Negro Leagues founded
spread of mass culture
Spread of Mass Culture
  • Art galleries, Libraries, books
  • Motion Pictures
  • Newspapers
    • Pulitzer- NY World
    • Hearst- NY Journal, SF Examiner
      • Competed for readership- exaggerated stories
      • Yellow Journalism
  • Art
    • Realism
      • Thomas Eakins
    • Ashcan school
      • Gritty urban life scenes
    • Abstract (Europe)
  • Libraries spread (poor man’s university)
  • Fiction
    • Crime, Westerns
    • Realism- Jack London, Stephen Crane- show lower classes
    • Humor- Mark Twain
shopping
Shopping
  • Malls (Arcades)
    • Cleveland, 1890
      • Jewelry, leather goods, stationery
      • Bands play on Sundays
  • Department Stores
    • Marshall Field, Chicago
      • Geared to women shoppers
      • Bargain basement
  • Chains
    • Woolworth’s
      • Five & Dime stores
  • Advertising
    • Mostly patent medicines
    • Soaps, baking powders
    • Newspapers, magazines, billboards, barns, rocks
  • Catalogues & RFD
    • Montgomery Ward (1872) Sears (1886)
    • Rural Free Delivery- packages to your home!