coshh a guide to the regulations l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
COSHH - A Guide to the Regulations PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
COSHH - A Guide to the Regulations

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 83

COSHH - A Guide to the Regulations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 484 Views
  • Uploaded on

COSHH - A Guide to the Regulations. Mark Mallen Health and Safety Manager Fenlock Hansen Ltd. Introduction . COSHH C ontrol O f S ubstances H azardous to H ealth. Introduction . Directly Naturally By-products If exposure is not controlled Injuries Illness or death. Objectives.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'COSHH - A Guide to the Regulations' - Faraday


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
coshh a guide to the regulations

COSHH - A Guide to the Regulations

Mark Mallen

Health and Safety Manager

Fenlock Hansen Ltd

Hansen - Managing Safely

introduction
Introduction
  • COSHH
  • Control
  • Of
  • Substances
  • Hazardous to
  • Health

Hansen - Managing Safely

introduction3
Introduction
  • Directly
  • Naturally
  • By-products
  • If exposure is not controlled
    • Injuries
    • Illness or death

Hansen - Managing Safely

objectives
Objectives
  • Name 5 potential health effects
  • 5 employers’ duties and 3 employees’
  • Name 5 hazardous substances
  • Name 5 routes of entry
  • Name 3 means of identifying substances
  • Name and describe 5 hazard symbols
  • Describe the hierarchy of control
  • Conduct an assessment

Hansen - Managing Safely

agenda
Agenda
  • Potential health effects
  • Legal background
  • Hazardous substances
  • Routes of entry
  • Identifying substances
  • Exposure limits
  • Controlling risks
  • Working safely
  • Summary

Hansen - Managing Safely

potential health effects
Potential Health Effects
  •  Skin problems
    • Dermatitis
    • Skin cancer
  • Asthma
    • From exposure to sensitisers
      • Isocyanates
      • Dusts

Hansen - Managing Safely

potential health effects7
Potential Health Effects
  • Poisoning
    • By drinking from unlabelled bottles
  • Cancer
    • May appear years after first exposure
  • Infection
    • Exposure to bacteria, spores and micro organisms

Hansen - Managing Safely

potential health effects8
Potential Health Effects
  • Short-term - acute effects
    • Skin / eye irritation
    • Headaches
    • Dizziness
    • Nausea
    • Unconsciousness

Hansen - Managing Safely

potential health effects9
Potential Health Effects
  • Long-term - chronic effects
    • Cancer
    • Lung disease
    • Liver / kidney dysfunction
    • Skin disease

Hansen - Managing Safely

potential health effects10
Potential Health Effects
  • Intermediate effects
    • Physiology
    • Symptoms may improve

Hansen - Managing Safely

legal background
Legal Background
  • The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999
    • A systematic approach to the control of risk 

Hansen - Managing Safely

employers responsibilities
Employers' Responsibilities
  • Assess risks
  • Prevent or control exposure
  • Decide on precautions
  • Ensure controls are used and maintained
  • Monitor exposure, and conduct health surveillance, where necessary
  • Provide adequate supervision
  • Provide information, instruction and training

Hansen - Managing Safely

employees responsibilities
Employees' Responsibilities
  • Follow the rules and safe systems of work
  • Use the controls provided, properly
  • Co-operate with monitoring and health surveillance

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances
Hazardous Substances
  • Solvents
  • De-fat the skin
  • Skin disease and dermatitis

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances15
Hazardous Substances
  • Acids
  • Burn body tissue

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances16
Hazardous Substances
  • Gases
  • Affect the respiratory system
  • Lung damage

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances17
Hazardous Substances
  • Oils and lubricants
  • Skin disease
  • Engine fumes
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances18
Hazardous Substances
  • Wood dust
  • Some hardwoods carcinogenic at low levels

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances19
Hazardous Substances
  • Asbestos
  • Can lead to lung cancer

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances20
Hazardous Substances
  • Welding fume
  • Metal fume fever
  • Lead
  • Poisoning

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazardous substances21
Hazardous Substances
  • Animals
  • Contact with rat’s urine may cause Weil’s disease

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry
Routes of Entry
  • Inhalation
    • Breathing in vapours, gases, fumes or dusts
  • Ingestion
    • Eating or drinking substances
  • Absorption
    • Skin or eyes

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry23
Routes of Entry
  • Injection
    • Entering the body through the skin
  • Skin contact
    • On

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Solvents
  • Liquids through the skin
  • Vapours through inhalation

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances25
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Acids
  • Skin contact
  • Inhalation

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances26
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Gases
  • Inhalation or
  • Through the skin

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances27
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Petrol
  • Inhalation
  • Absorption
  • Skin contact
  • Ingestion

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances28
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Oils and lubricants
  • Skin contact
  • Engine fumes
  • Inhalation

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances29
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Wood dust
  • Skin contact or
  • Inhalation

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances30
Routes of Entry - Substances
  •  Welding fume
  • Inhalation
  • Lead
  • Skin absorption
  • Inhalation
  • Ingestion

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances31
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • Bio hazards
  • Weil’s disease
  • Farmer’s lung
  • Injection
  • Inhalation
  • Ingestion

Hansen - Managing Safely

routes of entry substances32
Routes of Entry - Substances
  • In summary
    • Many ways to enter the body
    • Not always be obvious

Hansen - Managing Safely

identifying substances
Identifying Substances
  • Methods
  • The label
  • Product safety data sheet
  • COSHH assessment

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard warning labels
Hazard Warning Labels
  • All commercially supplied substances are labelled in a standardised way
    • To enable easy identification
    • Identify type of hazard posed
    • Provide some information

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard warning labels35
Hazard Warning Labels
  • The label should state
    • The name of the product
    • Hazard symbol(s)
    • An indication of danger
    • Warning (risk phrase)
    • Safety advice (safety phrase)
    • Manufacturers or suppliers details

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard warning labels36
Hazard Warning Labels
  • Designed to warn
  • Advise of action to protect
  • Not work instructions
  • Always refer to
    • The risk assessment
    • COSHH assessment
    • Safe working practice

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard warning labels37
Hazard Warning Labels
  • Do not assume
    • Labels may be missing
    • Substances may have been decanted
    • May not be hazardous in the form supplied
    • May become hazardous when mixed
    • If in doubt, seek advice

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard warning labels38
Hazard Warning Labels
  • Sad but true
    • A cleaner mixed Harpic and Domestos creating chlorine gas, as used in the trenches in WW1
  • She died

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols
Hazard Symbols
  • Corrosive

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols40
Hazard Symbols
  • Corrosive
    • May causeserious burns
    • Minor contact may cause skin damage

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols41
Hazard Symbols
  • Flammable

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols42
Hazard Symbols
  • Flammable
    • Burns with little heat applied

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols43
Hazard Symbols
  • Harmful or Irritant - Xn or Xi

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols44
Hazard Symbols
  • Irritant – Xi
    • Non-corrosive
    • May cause painful inflammation
    • Could lead to dermatitis
  • Harmful – Xn
    • May cause limited health effects

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols45
Hazard Symbols
  • Oxidising

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols46
Hazard Symbols
  • Oxidising
    • May cause spontaneous combustion
    • In contact with other substances

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols47
Hazard Symbols
  • Toxic / Very Toxic

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols48
Hazard Symbols
  • Very toxic
    • Extremely serious acute or chronic health effects or even death
  • Toxic
    • Serious acute or chronic health effects or even death

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols49
Hazard Symbols
  • Risk of Explosion

Hansen - Managing Safely

hazard symbols50
Hazard Symbols
  • Environmental Hazard

Hansen - Managing Safely

risk phrase
Risk Phrase
  • States the hazard of the material
    • ‘Harmful by inhalation’
    • ‘Toxic if swallowed’
    • ‘Highly flammable’
    • ‘Irritating to eyes’
    • ‘May cause drowsiness’

Hansen - Managing Safely

safety phrase
Safety Phrase
  • States what precautions should be taken
    • ‘In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment’
    • ‘Keep container tightly closed’
    • ‘Avoid contact with skin and eyes’
    • ‘No smoking’

Hansen - Managing Safely

material data sheets
Material Data Sheets
  • Describes the characteristics of the substance in 16 categories:
  • Identification of the substance and company
  • Composition / information on ingredients
  • Hazards

Hansen - Managing Safely

material data sheets54
Material Data Sheets
  • First-aid measures
  • Fire-fighting measures
  • Accidental release measures
  • Handling and storage
  • Exposure controls / personal protection

Hansen - Managing Safely

material data sheets55
Material Data Sheets
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Stability and reactivity
  • Toxicological information
  • Ecological information

Hansen - Managing Safely

material data sheets56
Material Data Sheets
  • Disposal considerations
  • Transport information
  • Regulatory information
  • Other information

Hansen - Managing Safely

material data sheets57
Material Data Sheets
  • Used to complete a COSHH (risk) assessment
  • It is not a replacement
  • Or substitute

Hansen - Managing Safely

exposure limits
Exposure Limits
  • Some substances pose a significant risk to health
  • Controlled by specific legislation
    • Asbestos
    • Lead
    • Not the COSHH regulations

Hansen - Managing Safely

exposure limits59
Exposure Limits
  • Some substances have exposure limits
  • MEL, STEL & OEL
  • Stated in EH40 - current addition
  • These levels are important when assessing health risks

Hansen - Managing Safely

controlling risks
Controlling Risks
  • Hazard
    • A substance with the potential to cause harm
  • Risk
    • A measure of the likelihood that it will cause harm in the way that it is used

Hansen - Managing Safely

controlling risks61
Controlling Risks
  • Remember
    • The hazard is constant
  • Risk changes
    • How it is used
    • How much is used
    • Handled
    • Stored

Hansen - Managing Safely

controlling risks62
Controlling Risks
  • Poor control can create a risk
    • Even if the substance is not particularly hazardous
  • With proper precautions
    • The most hazardous substances can be controlled

Hansen - Managing Safely

risk assessment
Risk Assessment
  • A COSHH assessment is an examination of the risk posed by
    • The substance
    • How it is used
    • The amount of exposure
  • Resulting in
    • Control measures and safe working practices

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 1
Practical Exercise 1
  • Scenario 1
    • A chemical is used as part of an adhesive spray
    • The operator uses it all day
    • Spraying door panels on a production line, before a covering is applied
    • A 200-litre drum lasts a week

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 165
Practical Exercise 1
  • Scenario 2
    • An operator has a container with 500ml of solvent
    • Used to wipe off excess adhesive, after the covering is applied
    • The container lasts about a week before it needs refilling

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 166
Practical Exercise 1
  • Scenario 3
    • Using a solvent-based marker pen

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 167
Practical Exercise 1
  • Decide on a risk rating for using the above substances
  • Consider the situations described and consider the control measures required

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 168
Practical Exercise 1
  • For the operative spraying door panels
    • Local exhaust ventilation
    • Respiratory protective equipment

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 169
Practical Exercise 1
  • For the operative using solvent to clean-off
    • Gloves
    • Good ventilation

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 170
Practical Exercise 1
  • Using a marker pen
    • None considered necessary

Hansen - Managing Safely

hierarchy of control
Hierarchy of Control
  • Elimination / Substitution
  • Reduction
  • Enclose the process
  • Engineered methods
  • PPE
  • Underpinned by supervision

Hansen - Managing Safely

slide72
PPE
  • Often the only effective means of control
    • Suitable for the hazard
    • Looked after and maintained
    • Suitable for the users
    • Used by trained workers
    • Worn when specified

Hansen - Managing Safely

control systems
Control Systems
  • Employers must
    • Maintain, examine and test
    • Monitor exposure levels
    • Conduct health surveillance

Hansen - Managing Safely

emergency procedures
Emergency Procedures
  • Exposure from accidental releases
  • Vital that everybody knows what to do
  • Clean-up procedures
  • Evacuation procedures
  • Liaison with emergency services

Hansen - Managing Safely

the hansen method
The Hansen Method
  • Task-based assessments
  • Tasks may use more than one substance

Hansen - Managing Safely

practical exercise 2
Practical Exercise 2
  • Conduct an assessment
  • Using a hazard data sheet for a substance that we use in the workplace

Hansen - Managing Safely

working safely
Working Safely
  • Operatives
    • Ensure that you see the COSHH assessment and SWP
      • Before you start
    • Follow the SWP and COSHH assessment
    • Use the control measures provided

Hansen - Managing Safely

working safely78
Working Safely
  • Wear the PPE
  • Co-operatewith monitoring and health surveillance
  • Report problems
  • Work in a safe and responsible manner

Hansen - Managing Safely

working safely79
Working Safely
  • Managers and supervisors
    • Conduct and review assessments
    • Issue and make available
    • Discuss contents
    • Record issue and training given
    • Ensure changes are reflected

Hansen - Managing Safely

working safely80
Working Safely
  • Ensure control measures are
    • Maintained
    • Continue to be effective
    • Are used
  • Deal with concerns
  • Provide information, instruction and training
  • Supervise

Hansen - Managing Safely

summary
Summary
  • COSHH is designed to protect people
  • Providing information
  • Assessing risk
  • Controlling exposure
  • Ensuring controls are suitable

Hansen - Managing Safely

objectives82
Objectives
  • Name 5 potential health effects
  • 5 employers’ duties and 3 employees’
  • Name 5 hazardous substances
  • Name 5 routes of entry
  • Name 3 means of identifying substances
  • Name and describe 5 hazard symbols
  • Describe the hierarchy of control
  • Conduct an assessment

Hansen - Managing Safely

the end or the beginning
The End or the Beginning?
  • Any Questions
  • Thanks for Listening
  • And don’t forget
  • Be Safe!

Hansen - Managing Safely