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Special Interest Tourism & Sochi '14 PowerPoint Presentation
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Special Interest Tourism & Sochi '14

Special Interest Tourism & Sochi '14

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Special Interest Tourism & Sochi '14

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  1. Special Interest Tourism & Sochi ’14 - Aritro Dasgupta

  2. Special Interest Tourism • Special Interest Tourism (SIT) involves group or individual tours by people who wish to develop certain interests & visit sites/places connected with specific subject • The members in the group tend to have same / similar hobbies / interests • Set of activities which differentiate the tourists

  3. Classification of SIT • Active- sports, cycling, hiking, skiing, sailing • Social- youth tours, clubbing • Educational- cooking, language schools • Discovery-Antarctic exploring, Galapagos expeditions • Hobbies- wine tasting, garden tours, flower shows

  4. Classification of SIT • Challenge/ Excitement- climbing Everest, trekking • Relaxation- cruising, canal boats, camping • Health & Therapy- spa holidays, medical tours

  5. Factors that Opened up SIT Market • Development of winter sports • Increase in paid holidays • Social changes leading to cash rich / time poor consumers seeking better quality / stimulating holidays • Development in specialist equipment & systems • Regeneration of urban areas increasing their appeal

  6. Case of Sochi Winter Olympics

  7. Winter Olympics • Started 1924, held every 2 years • After 1992, next held in 1994 to shift the cycle away from years when Summer Olympics were held • Includes all major sporting events held during winter months across countries where temperatures remain cold for much of the year • Mountains necessary for conducting

  8. Sochi 2014 • Held in February 2014 • First time held in Russia • Sochi lies on Black Sea coast • Sochi unusual choice for Russia; a country that remains frigid for much of the year; Sochi experiences relatively sub-tropical conditions • Presence of Caucasus mountain range • First time Winter Olympics held on seaside

  9. Sochi 2014 • Sochi geographically surrounded by ‘freedom movements’ in Chechnya & Dagestan as well has hostile nation of Georgia • Political reasons played major role in Sochi’s bid success; became centrepeice of new Russia • Also held amidst backdrop of Climate Change meaning artificial snow had to be hauled in • US$ 51 billion spent makes it the most expensive Olympic Games ever (Vancouver 2010 cost US4 7 billion)

  10. Disciplines • Alpine Skiing • Biathlon • Bobsleigh • Cross Country Skiing • Curling • Figure Skating • Freestyle Skiing • Ice Hockey

  11. Disciplines • Luge • Nordic Combined • Short Track speed skating • Skeleton • Ski Jumping • Snowboarding • Speed skating

  12. Alpine Skiing

  13. Biathlon

  14. Curling

  15. Figure Skating

  16. Ice Hockey

  17. Snowboarding

  18. Speed Skating

  19. Ski Jumping

  20. Bobsleigh

  21. Luge

  22. Skeleton

  23. Major Challenges Met by Sochi Team • Transportation of millions of tons of snow • Flattening of surfaces at parts of the Caucasus to enable railway lines • Building of infrastructure- downhill & flat • Development of Sochi International Airport

  24. Failures on Tourism Side • Record breaking cost of construction created unsustainable costs for the locals • Environmental wreckage of the Caucasus belt • Bureaucracy meant Visa applications took longer time & greater amount of money • Sochi surrounded on all sides as a terrorism target • Leaked stories of cronyism put people off

  25. Failures on Tourism Side • Biggest drawback being a comparative lack of snow • Travel time inconvenient (especially track between Sochi & KransayaPolyana)

  26. Legacy? • Winter Paralympics to be held within 2 weeks of end of Olympics • Formula 1 track for Russia Grand Prix ‘14 near the site • One of the proposed football stadiums for 2018 World Cup

  27. Major Ethical Dilemma • Should major sporting events be held outside the traditional axis of North America & western Europe on logic of spread? Or • Should they continue in the traditional axis to reduce costs spiraling out of control & ensure better legacy?