Latin america
Download
1 / 21

LATIN AMERICA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 301 Views
  • Updated On :

LATIN AMERICA. Latin America: Urbanization and Economic Development . HIGHLY URBANIZED compared to other developing regions Urbanization occurred during period of RAPID POPULATION GROWTH Urbanization fueled by RURAL-TO-URBAN MIGRATION. Brazil Population . MEGACITIES.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'LATIN AMERICA' - EllenMixel


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Slide3 l.jpg



Megacities l.jpg

MEGACITIES

Urban areas with more than 10 million people


Slide6 l.jpg

  • Sao Paulo

  • 1950 pop: 2.3 million

  • 2000 pop. 17.4 million


Slide7 l.jpg


Problems of mega cities l.jpg
Problems of mega-cities

  • Inadequate transportation infrastructure

  • Pressures on land and housing (high population density, high # of people per room)

  • Environment – air pollution, water pollution, increased vulnerability to natural hazards

  • High rates of disease and infection

  • Economic dependence on higher levels of government

  • Scarcity of financial resources


Urban primacy l.jpg

Urban primacy

A PRIMATE CITY is disproportionately large and dominates the economic, political, and cultural life of a country

Examples: Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Lima, Guatemala City


Slide10 l.jpg


Informal economic sector l.jpg

Informal Economic Sector “formal” housing or jobs

Unregulated and untaxed, usually low wage occupations

(examples: street vendors, artisans, illegal occupations – drugs, prostitution)


Informal housing l.jpg
Informal Housing “formal” housing or jobs

  • Often called SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS

  • People occupy housing on unclaimed land to which they have no legal rights

  • Most squatter settlements have inadequate services

  • Most squatter settlement residents are poor


Latin american city model l.jpg
Latin American City Model “formal” housing or jobs

  • Strong central business district

  • Elite residential sector surrounding commercial spine extends in one direction

  • Incomes decline away from the CBD

  • Squatter settlements on edges of city and in disamenity zones


Generalized view of latin american economies l.jpg
GENERALIZED VIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIES “formal” housing or jobs


Up to mid 20 th century l.jpg
Up to mid 20 “formal” housing or jobsth century

  • During colonial period (up to 1820’s and 1830’s) and after independence

  • Export dependency, i.e. a reliance on export of agricultural goods and minerals – coffee, sugar, tin, silver, etc.

  • Resource-based economies

  • Countries vulnerable to fluctuations in international markets


1950 s 1970 s l.jpg
1950’s - 1970’s “formal” housing or jobs

  • Industrialization viewed as important economic development strategy

  • IMPORT SUBSTITUTION – focusses on domestic production of manufactured goods, state owns or subsidizes key industries, high tariffs on imported goods

  • Helped to fuel growth of primate cities


1980 s present l.jpg
1980’s – present “formal” housing or jobs

  • Adoption of NEO-LIBERAL economic policies – stress privatization, foreign investors, production for export, few restrictions on imports

  • Growth of MAQUILADORA program in northern Mexico

  • Mexico joins NAFTA in 1993