iaabo bd 12 notes on working with a shot clock l.
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iaabo bd 12 notes on working with a shot clock

IAABO BD 12 - Notes on Working With a Shot- Clock

IAC boys league has been using the shot clock for a few years, Public school girls have been using shot clock for years & WCAC boys will be using it for first time this year-so we all need to make sure we understand the shot clock rules-they will be somewhat different than the NCAA rules

You can find these notes on


  • Time can be your friend or your enemy !
  • The shot- clock rules are simple but somewhat different than the game clock rules
    • Also not the same as NCAA rules
  • Do not rely on the table to manage the clock(s)
    • Primary responsibility is yours
  • But knowing the rules is not enough, the real challenge is to


  • Once upon a time
    • 2 person officiating crews
    • No 3 point shot
    • No shot- clock
    • Full concentration on the game & the players-that is how we were trained
  • With 3 person crew ,you now have to be aware of where 2 partners are at all times-that takes some concentration
  • With the 3 point shot, now have to devote some of your attention to officiate it-that takes some concentration
  • With the advent of the shot- clock, you now have to be aware of it & manage it-that takes some concentration
  • At the HS level the most difficult game is a 2 person crew with the 3 pt shot & a shot- clock (& maybe an inexperienced table)
    • Understand that the shot- clock is difficult to run correctly so expect errors
    • Don’t put your game in the hands of the table personnel
  • Meet with game/shot clock operators before the game & go over general rules/procedures
  • Shot clock is particularly difficult to operate- especially at the HS level-assume there will be mistakes that you will have to correct them
  • With a 3 person crew-you need to see mistakes before coaches/table do- great opportunity for game management
  • To do this you must train yourself to devote a portion of your concentration to the 3 point shot, the 3 person crew , the shot- clock ,the game clock & of course the players
    • This will be a challenge that will tax your concentration skills
    • Must bring it into your game make it a routine that you perform all game-then you can get it right at the most critical times & you will be a better official
  • Discuss this in your pre-game ! If you don’t you are leaving your game to chance & bad things will happen probably at critical times
general shot clock principles
General Shot- Clock Principles
  • Starts on possession:
    • After a jump ball
    • After unsuccessful try for goal
    • After a change in possession ( new team control)
  • On in bounds:
    • Starts on legal touching by any player(offense or defense)
  • Resets on:
    • Possession after an unsuccessful shot or tap that hits the ring or flange
    • Single personal or technical foul
    • Single flagrant or intentional technical foul
    • Violation by the offense
    • Held ball that is awarded to defense by AP
    • Inadvertent whistle with no team control
    • When shot- clock time expires
general shot clock principles7
General Shot- Clock Principles
  • Does not reset:
    • Deflected out of bounds by defense
    • Intentionally kicked or fisted ball with 15 seconds or more(resets to 15 seconds if less than 15 seconds)
      • Resets to 30 sec in Girls Public school
    • Injured player or lost contact lens
    • Held ball that is awarded to offense
    • Double personal or technical fouls during team control ( awarded to offense)
    • Inadvertent whistle when there is team control
    • If a pass hits rim or flange
typical game situations
Typical Game Situations
  • After a made basket, make sure the shot clock is reset to 35 sec(game clock is running) & does not start until the ball is legally touched by either team-correct this immediately -C & new T primary for this.
  • On an in-bounds(other than a made basket) both clocks start when the ball is legally touched by any player on the court. If the in-bounds pass is hit out of bounds –same/some time must come off both clocks-probably other 2 officials should make this call
    • If you get this correct all of the time ,you can get it correct at the end of the game when it is most critical
typical game situations9
Typical Game Situations
  • After a missed free throw, game clock does not start until the ball is legally touched by any player
    • Not the basket or the floor
    • Shot clock starts on possession
    • Again if you concentrate on this all of the time ,you can get it right at the critical points in the game
  • After a missed shot(includes a tap) that hits the ring or flange & is then possessed by one team & then quickly asks for a time out & it is granted
    • the shot –clock cannot be left at 35 seconds-some time must be taken off
      • Probably best done by one of the officials not involved in granting the time out
typical game situations10
Typical Game Situations
  • After a missed shot that hits the ring or flange & then an immediate held ball is called- AP arrow & reset shot clock
  • Held ball called with AP arrow going to offense-no reset of shot clock. If awarded to defense-reset shot clock
  • On a jump ball- game clock starts on touching by either jumper- shot- clock starts on possession
plays to watch
Plays to Watch
  • Some other plays to watch:
    • If you are in-bounding after a basket as new trail- make sure shot- clock is reset before you hand ball to the in-bounder. New C should watch the clock also. Also make sure the shot- clock is started after it is legally touched by any player- correct immediately
    • On an in-bounds after the defense has knocked the ball out of play- make sure the shot-clock stops on the whistle & make sure the shot-clock starts when it is legally touched by any player-usually the off -official can do this best.
    • Try to make corrections ASAP but there may be situations where you cannot until after the play e.g. 2 sec on shot clock, pass in bounds, basket made but shot- clock never started, count the basket or not ? You will have to know that the shot-clock did not start & then make a judgment call on the basket. If you trained yourself to watch the clocks, you stand a good chance of getting this call correct & you will be a better official. Miss it & your entire game may suffer. Give yourself the best of it & get it right ! Have a “GREAT TIME THIS SEASON.”