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Access in the Information Age: Community Colleges Bridging the Digital Divide. Gerardo E. de los Santos League for Innovation in the Community College. Overview. Dramatic Change Digital Divide Digging In Dedication to Education. Dramatic Change.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Dramatic Change
  • Digital Divide
  • Digging In
  • Dedication to Education
dramatic change
Dramatic Change
  • Web from 377 million users to 1 billion users by 2005
  • Internet traffic doubles every 100 days
  • 2 in 5 households to be hi-speed by 2005
  • Over 1.2 Billion Web pages (doubles each year – 38 pages a second)
  • Over 25% of stock trades take place online
  • 760 Million messages daily (2x the USPS)
  • 24% of US. Organizations use e-learning to train employees

Nielsen/Net Ratings; Newsweek; NUA

dramatic change4

Over 70% of adults use a computer

  • 91% of adults projected online by 2005
  • Over a third of “wired” adults shop online
  • More than ½ of Americans send an e-mail each day
  • Average E-mail received per year: Grow from 1,800 to 5,600 by 2005
  • Consumer E-Commerce $300 Billion by 2002
  • B-to-B E-Commerce $2.7 Trillion by 2004
Dramatic Change

Newsweek; U.S. Department of Commerce; Forrester; Dertouzos

dramatic change characteristics of the new economy
Dramatic Change: Characteristics of the New Economy
  • Technology is a given
  • Globalism is here to stay
  • Knowledge builds wealth
  • People are the most important raw material
  • There’s no such thing as a smooth ride
  • Competition is relentless
  • Alliances are the way to get things done
  • Place still matters—but for different reasons--Morrison Institute for Public PolicyThe New Economy: A Guide for AZ 1999
dramatic change6

“In the next 50 years, schools and universities will change more and more drastically than they have since they assumed their present form more than 300 years ago when they organized themselves around the printed book.”

Dramatic Change
  • Change in Education

Peter Drucker

dramatic change7
Dramatic Change
  • Change in Higher Education
    • More than 50% of colleges have a wireless LAN
    • Almost 75% of students own a computer
    • More than 60% of college courses use e-mail
    • More than 2 of 5 college courses use Web resources
    • Approximately 60-80% of students and faculty access the Internet each day
    • 90% of US colleges will offer e-learning by 2005

*K.C. Green, 2001; NUA

putting the net generation in context recent high school graduates
Putting the Net Generation in Context(Recent High School Graduates)
  • MTV started before they were born
  • Ronald Reagan is a vague memory
  • They’ve always had cable TV
  • The Cold War ended while they were in grade school
  • They’ve never owned a vinyl record
  • Oprah always has been a household word
  • The Simpsons had it premiere when they were 6--USA Today, October 4, 2001
dramatic change10
Dramatic Change
  • The “DotCommies” are coming!
    • Baby Boom Echo – 88 million strong
    • 77% could not live w/o their PC
    • 92% think technology will improve their educational options
    • Video games to surpass movies
    • Use for entertainment, learning, communication, shopping
    • View tech as an appliance – a different level of savvy, expectation
    • Faculty, Administration, Staff

. . . You May Be a DotCommie

  • If you have two or more e-mail addresses
  • If you get a nervous tick after not checking your e-mail for more than 12 hours
  • If you wake up at 3 a.m. to go to the bathroom and on the way back to bed you check your e-mail
  • If you can’t sit through an entire movie without having at least one device on your body beep or buzz
  • If your minister uses PowerPoint
  • If your first thought after seeing this list is that you’d like to get a copy so you can e-mail it to a friend
digital divide

Digital Divide

“America’s Digital Divide is fast becoming a ‘racial ravine.’ It is now one of America’s leading economic and civil rights issues and we have to take concrete steps to redress the gap between thehaves and have nots.”

--Department of Commerce for Telecommunications August 1999

key federal measures
Key Federal Measures
  • Households with Computers
  • Households with Internet Access

(NTIA, 1999)

percent of u s households with a computer by race origin
Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer By Race/Origin
  • Overall, the #s of computers in households have increased, yet a gap exists between racial/ethnic groups
    • In 2000, 33% of Black and Hispanic households had a computer compared to 55% of white households and 66% of Asian-American/Pacific Islanders
percent of u s households with a computer by income
Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer By Income
  • The lower the family income, the less likely to have a computer, particularly Blacks and Hispanics
    • In 2000, 27% of both Black and Hispanic households w/ incomes of $15-35K had a computer at home, compared to 40% in white and 50% in Asian Amer./Pac. Islander households
percent of u s households using the internet
Percent of U.S. Households Using the Internet
  • Overall, the #s of households with Internet access have increased, yet a gap exists among racial/ethnic groups
    • In 2000, 23% of Black and Hispanic households had Internet access, compared to 46% of white and 57% of Asian Amer./Pac. Islander households
percent of u s households with access to the internet by income
Percent of U.S. Households with Access to the Internet By Income
  • The lower the family income, the less likely to have access to the Internet, particularly Blacks and Hispanics
    • In 2000, 17% of Black and Hispanic households with incomes between $15-35K had Internet access, compared to 31% of white and 43% of Asian-Amer./Pac. Islander households

Digital Divide

  • Significant access challenges for minorities and rural areas
  • Whites are 2x as likely to have Internet access as Blacks and Hispanics
  • Household Income of $75,000 are 20 times more likely to have access to the Internet

*Federal Computer Week, July 1999


Digital Divide

  • Low-income schools lag almost 35% behind more affluent schools
  • Fewer than 40% of low-income schools have a classroom with an Internet connection
  • 17% of 17-year olds are functionally illiterate



Digital Divide

“The lack of technology access and skills puts disadvantaged members of our society increasingly at risk of becoming disenfranchised spectators of a digital world that is passing them by, bit by bit.”

--Milliron and Miles, CEO & VP League for Innovation November/December 2000

knocking on the open door

Knocking On the Open Door

Current and Future Demographic Shifts Indicate a Significant Increase in Community College Enrollments

high school graduate growth 1995 96 2011 12
High School Graduate Growth 1995-96--2011-12

1995-96 2011-12

African American 298,957 370,393

Native American 20,673 36,214

Asian Pacific Islander 100,358 194,984

Hispanic 218,358 517,746

White Non-Hispanic 1,653,122 1,649,491

TOTAL 2,292,031 2,768,828

percent growth of high school graduates between 1996 2012
Percent Growth of High School Graduates between 1996-2012
  • African Americans = 23.9 %
  • Native American = 75.2%
  • Asian Pacific Islander = 93.2%
  • Hispanic = 137%
  • White Non Hispanic = (.22%)

Digging In

  • Community colleges should review the curriculum and pedagogies used in the classroom to ensure that all students develop technology literacy and the ability to adapt quickly to change

Digging In

2. Community colleges should develop strategic plans to enhance and continuously improve the issue of technology in learning and teaching processes


Digging In

  • Community colleges should provide opportunities for all members of the faculty and staff to use computers, the Internet, and other emerging technologies

Digging In

4. Community Colleges should seek relationships with technology partners in their local business communities who will directly and indirectly benefit from technologically literate employee prospects


Digging In

5. Community Colleges should facilitate explorations of how the issues of growing minority enrollments, limited access to technology, and increasing requirements for technology and change savvy will likely impact them in the future


Digging In

6. Community Colleges should strengthen their occupational and other short-cycle offerings to continue to prepare their growing number of information technology workers needed in the new economy


Digging In

7. Community Colleges should create venues, on their own or with partners, where all students can access computers and the Internet on and off campus.


Digging In

8. Community Colleges should work with K-12 school systems to facilitate the professional development of teachers in the use of technology in learning and teaching processes

dedication to education learning beyond technology

Dedication to Education: Learning Beyond Technology

“The current and future health of America’s 21st Century economy depends directly on how broadly and deeply Americans reach a new level of literacy—’21st Century Literacy’—that includes strong academic skills, thinking, reasoning, teamwork skills, and proficiency in using technology.”--21st Century Workforce Commission, 2000

learning beyond technology 21 st century learning outcomes
Learning Beyond Technology: 21st Century Learning Outcomes
  • Technology Skills
  • Communications Skills
  • Computation Skills
  • Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills
21 st century outcomes
21st Century Outcomes
  • Information Management Skills
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Personal Skills
  • Community Skills
2 nd digital divide book
2nd Digital Divide Book
  • Extends the definition of Digital Divide and focuses on its impact by racial/ethnic group, gender, and geography
  • Provides examples of community colleges that are addressing divides of specific constituents
wrap up
Wrap Up
  • Dramatic Change
  • Digital Divide
  • Digging In
  • Dedication to Education
connecting with the league
Connecting with the League

Searchable Database, Publications, Resources, Information

Conferences and Events Boston, MAInnovations 2002, March 17-20