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Human Rights in Belize. Joseph Cooch Jessica Kokesh Michelle Haitt Kaiti Strayer. Resource. Freedom House Political Rights Score - 1 Civil Liberities Score - 2 United States Department of State 2008 Country Report on Human Rights Practices. Country Report :

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Human Rights in Belize

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human rights in belize

Human Rights in Belize

Joseph Cooch

Jessica Kokesh

Michelle Haitt


  • Freedom House
    • Political Rights Score - 1
    • Civil Liberities Score - 2
  • United States Department of State
    • 2008 Country Report on Human Rights Practices

Country Report:

Universal Declaration of Human Rights:

Freedom House:

section 1 respect for the integrity of the person
Section 1 Respect for the Integrity of the Person
  • C.Torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment
    • Police violence and abuse
    • Prison and detention center conditions
      • International standards not met
  • E. Denial of Fair Public Trail
    • Trail Procedures
section 2 respect for civil liberties
Section 2: Respect for Civil Liberties
  • Freedom of Speech and Press
  • Internet Freedom
    • 11 Internet users per 100 inhabitants
  • Academic Freedom and Cultural Events
  • Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association
  • Freedom of Religion
  • Societal Abuses and Discrimination
  • Freedom of Movement, Internally Displaced Persons, Protection of Refugees, and Stateless Persons
  • Protection of Refugees
section 3 respect for political rights
Section 3: Respect for Political Rights
  • Elections and Political Participation
    • 31-seat House of Representatives
  • Governmental Corruption and Transparency
    • Former prime minister Said Musa
    • Annual financial statements
gender equality
Gender equality
  • Although the law mandates equal pay for equal work, women tend to earn less than men. The median monthly income for a working woman was $710 BLZ ($355), compared with $751 BLZ ($374.50) for a man, based on the 2007 Belize Labor Force Survey.
  • The Women's Department under the Ministry of Human Development, Women and Children, and Civil Society is responsible for developing programs to improve the status of women.
persons with disabilities
Persons with Disabilities
  • Although the law does not expressly prohibit discrimination against persons with physical and mental disabilities, the constitution provides for the protection of all citizens from any type of discrimination.
  • The law does not provide for accessibility for persons with disabilities.
  • Two schools--the Cayo Deaf Institute in Central Farm and the Stella Maris School for disabled children in Belize City--and four special education centers (located in Corozal, Punta Gorda, Orange Walk, and Dangriga) for children with disabilities.
  • The Ministry of Education maintained an educational unit offering limited special education programs within the regular school system.
  • Private companies such as the Parents Association for Children with Special Needs and the Belize Council for the Visually Impaired, provided services to persons with disabilities.
worker rights
Worker Rights
  • Right of Association: free to join trade unions
  • Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively
  • Prohibition of Forced Labor
  • Minimum wage varies for various sectors. Agriculture: $1.25, Manual/domestic workers: $1.50
child labor
Child Labor
  • Children cannot be employed under the age of 12 and 14 before the end of school hours
  • Children limited to working 45 hours a week
  • Working children a problem in family-related businesses in rural areas
  • 2003 study: 6 percent of children between the ages of five and 17 were working, with 69 percent engaged in hazardous work.