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Alpine Biome - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Alpine Biome. By: T. Kim. General Information. Similar to tundra/artic biomes High mountain areas: 10,000 ft+ Average temperature Summer: 10-15 C Winter: Below freezing Limiting Factors: several temperature, lack of CO2, high UV wavelengths, etc. Precipitation: 30 cm/year.

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alpine biome

Alpine Biome

By: T. Kim

general information
General Information
  • Similar to tundra/artic biomes
    • High mountain areas: 10,000 ft+
    • Average temperature
      • Summer: 10-15 C
      • Winter: Below freezing
    • Limiting Factors: several temperature, lack of CO2, high UV wavelengths, etc.
    • Precipitation: 30 cm/year
species diversity
Species Diversity
  • Plant life- Growing season is about 180 days, and the soil is well-drained.
    • Tussock grasses, dwarf trees, small-leafed shrubs, heaths
  • Animals- only warm-blooded animals can be found
    • Mountain goats, sheep, elk, insects including beetles, grasshoppers, and butterflies.
people in the alpines
People in the Alpines
  • Populations in the alpine biome are specially adapted to the living conditions
    • Larger lung capacity
    • More hemoglobin in blood
  • The Sherpas are the world’s highest living population
slide7

The Alpine Climate...

Temperature:

summer: -12 to 10 degrees Celsius

winter: below freezing temperatures

Precipitation: 12 inches each year

Solar Insolation: 2 seasons

winter: October to May

summer: June to September

slide8

The Alpine Climate...

Limiting Factors

  • extreme cold and wind
  • high altitude
  • Little carbon dioxide
  • Strong sunlight
    • high UV exposure
slide9

Species Diversity

Plants

  • Tussock grasses
  • Dwarf trees
  • Small-leafed shrubs
  • heaths
slide10

Species Diversity

Animals

  • Chinchilla
  • Snowshoe rabbit
  • Ptarmigan
  • Mountain goat
  • Sheep
  • Elk
  • Beetle
  • Grasshopper
  • Butterfly
  • pika
slide11

Heat

Heat

Heat

Food Chain

Heat

Heat